Published on March 31, 2008
Slide1: Antiterrorism Level I Refresher Training AT Level I Training : AT Level I Training Requirements Individual terrorism awareness training Active duty service members Annually AOR update within 60 days of deployment OCONUS DoD personnel Annually CONUS civilians & Family members 14+ Annually if terrorism threat level raised to “Moderate” Annually if eligible for OCONUS government travel Knowledge to remain vigilant for possible terrorist actions and employ personal protection AT Measures AT Training Level : AT Training Level Front Line Commanders DoD’s Definition of Terrorism: DoD’s Definition of Terrorism “The calculated use of violence or threat of violence to inculcate fear; intended to coerce or intimidate governments or societies in the pursuit of goals that are generally political, religious, or ideological.” DoD O-2000.12-H Determine The Threat: Determine The Threat Are there any terrorist groups in my area? Are they violent? Do they attack Americans? How active are they? How sophisticated are they? How do they operate—are they predictable Will the local population warn Americans? What tactics, weapons, and types of attacks Eight threat factors to consider when determining the threat Terrorist Profile: Terrorist Profile male 20s single urban well-educated middle or upper-class Terrorist Tactics: Terrorist Tactics bombings assassination kidnapping hijacking ambush armed assault incendiary attacks street actions/tactics sieges and occupations robberies Target Selection: Target Selection Victim of location Victim of association Target of opportunity Importance By Name Recognition DOD Terrorism Threat Levels: DOD Terrorism Threat Levels Local Threat Picture: Fuse local information with Threat intel Local Threat Picture Local initiative is needed to fill gaps in threat picture Force Protection Conditions : Force Protection Conditions FPCON Normal: FPCON Normal When there is a general global threat of possible terrorist activity exists, and warrants a routine security posture A terrorist attack is always possible Best information available offers no indication of probable attack Expect to see a routine security posture FPCON Alpha: FPCON Alpha When there is a increased general threat of possible activity against personnel and facilities, the nature and terrorist extent of which are unpredictable. General conditions suggest possible violence Nothing indicates that this installation is targeted Must be capable of being maintained indefinitely Expect random vehicle checks and increased crime prevention efforts FPCON Bravo: FPCON Bravo When an increased or more predictable threat of terrorist activity exists. Specific information suggests probable violence Nothing indicates that this installation is targeted Extra precaution is appropriate to deter terrorist planning Must be capable of being maintained for weeks without hardship Expect to see closer inspection of vehicles and deliveries, ID checks, and a greater presence of guards on your installation FPCON Charlie: FPCON Charlie When an incident occurs or intelligence is received indicating some form of terrorist action or targeting against personnel or facilities is likely. Evidence of terrorist attack planning, such as terrorist surveillance or reports from local sources Strong protective measures are required, but the unit must continue its regular mission activities Implemented for only a short period of time Expect rigorous efforts to inspect vehicles and facilities, and you may be required to participate in special guard duties FPCON Delta: FPCON Delta When a terrorist attack has occurred or when intelligence has been received that indicates terrorist action against a specific location is imminent Normally, Force Protection Condition Delta is declared as a localized warning The installation moves to a high state of alert, and commander implements mandatory security measures Commanders encouraged to supplement mandatory security measures Additional security measures delay and interrupt normal routines Random Antiterrorism Measures: Random Antiterrorism Measures Force Protection Condition plus random antiterrorism measures AT Program Overview: AT Program Overview Integrated AT program Self Protective Measures: Self Protective Measures Overcome routines Vary routes and times to and from work Exercise (jog) on different routes/times and don’t exercise alone Vary times/places for shopping, lunch, and other appointments Enter/exit buildings through different doors Don’t divulge family/personal info to strangers Be prepared for unexpected events Self Protective Measures: Maintain a low profile Dress/behave in public consistent with local customs. Avoid wearing western attire, clothing with U.S. flags, logos, etc. No U.S. related stickers, decals, logos on luggage, briefcases, shopping bags, etc. Unless necessary, don’t wear uniform or military items in public Shun publicity Show respect for local customs Don’t flash large sums of money, expensive jewelry, or luxury items Self Protective Measures Self Protective Measures: Be alert to, and aware of changes in, the security atmosphere Be alert for surveillance attempts, suspicious persons or activities, and report them to proper authorities Watch for unexplained absences of local citizens as an early warning of possible terrorist actions Avoid public disputes or confrontations. Report any trouble to the proper authorities. Self Protective Measures Traveling By Air: Traveling By Air Airlines and routes Do not fly routes with stops in high threat areas Check-in Seat Selection Skyjacking Release/Rescue Travel Alerts: Travel Alerts Afghanistan (11/15/02) Albania (6/25/02) Algeria (6/14/01) Andorra (4/4/01) Angola (9/12/02) Anguilla (10/22/02) Antigua & Barbuda (5/7/02) Argentina (9/18/02) Armenia (9/5/02) Aruba (11/8/01) Australia (4/11/02) Austria (8/19/02) Azerbaijan (8/2/02) The Bahamas (6/13/02) Bahrain (9/16/02) Bangladesh (6/17/02) Barbados (11/8/01) Belarus (1/14/02) Belgium (2/11/02) Belize (7/5/02) Benin (7/18/02) Bermuda (5/7/02) Bhutan (6/7/02) Bolivia (1/17/02) Bosnia-Herzegovina (7/5/02) Botswana (10/8/02) Brazil (10/9/01) British Virgin Islands (9/14/99) British West Indies: See Anguilla and Montserrat Brunei (11/6/02) Bulgaria (8/23/02) Burkina Faso (7/18/02) Burma (Myanmar) (5/6/02) Burundi (10/7/02) Cambodia (11/5/02) Cameroon (9/3/02) Canada (8/6/02) Cape Verde (7/24/02) Cayman Islands (5/30/02) Central African Republic (4/29/02) Chad (3/7/02) Chile (4/12/02) China (4/11/02) Colombia (9/24/02) Comoros (6/21/02) Congo-Brazzaville (6/26/01) Congo-Kinshasa (7/18/02) 7/1/02 Travel Warning Costa Rica (11/7/02) Côte d'Ivoire (7/18/02) Croatia (4/30/02) Cuba (9/12/02) Cyprus (9/16/02) Czech Republic (1/18/02) Denmark, Greenland and the Faroe Islands (11/17/00) Djibouti (11/25/02) Dominica (6/25/02) Dominican Republic (10/22/02) East Timor (8/12/02) Ecuador (Galapagos Islands) (10/24/01) Egypt (2/26/02) El Salvador (11/5/02) Equatorial Guinea (9/3/02) Eritrea (8/19/02) Estonia (8/19/02) Ethiopia (9/12/02) Fiji (6/13/02) Finland (8/14/01) France (4/18/02) French Guiana (9/26/02) French Polynesia (Tahiti) (9/16/02) French West Indies (11/25/02) Gabon (9/3/02) The Gambia (7/22/02) Georgia (11/28/01) Germany (9/18/01) Ghana (11/07/02) Greece (4/30/02) Greenland (11/17/00) Grenada (8/15/02) Guadeloupe (2/22/01) Guatemala (11/21/02) Guinea (7/26/02) Guinea-Bissau (10/15/02) Guyana (5/31/02) Haiti (12/3/02) Honduras (11/8/02) Hong Kong SAR (China) (2/26/02) Hungary (6/1/01) Iceland (8/19/02) India (2/22/02) Indonesia (10/25/02) Iran (2/26/02) Iraq (11/21/02) Ireland (12/11/01) Israel, the West Bank and Gaza (11/26/02) Italy (6/27/02) Jamaica (9/26/02) Japan (12/14/01) Jordan (11/26/01) 11/22/02 Travel Warning Kazakhstan (10/30/02) Kenya (7/24/02) Kiribati (7/18/02) Kuwait (8/12/02) Kyrgyz Republic (1/3/02) Laos (5/16/02) Latvia (7/18/02) Lebanon (5/31/02) Lesotho (4/11/02) Liberia (9/12/02) Libya (10/25/02) Liechtenstein Lithuania (1/27/00) Luxembourg (11/19/02) Macau SAR (China) (9/16/02) Macedonia (Former Yugoslav Republic of) (9/3/02) 5/21/02 Travel Warning Madagascar (5/2/02) Malawi (4/29/02) Malaysia (11/14/02) Maldives (5/2/02) Mali (5/16/02) Malta (8/19/02) Marshall Islands (9/8/00) Martinique (2/22/01) Mauritania (11/14/02) Mauritius (3/29/02) Mexico (11/20/02) Micronesia, Federated States of (5/31/02) Moldova (8/6/02) Monaco (7/27/00) Mongolia (6/8/00) Montserrat (10/22/02) Morocco (9/12/02) Mozambique (5/31/02) Namibia (9/12/02) Nauru (9/16/02) Nepal (11/4/02) Netherlands (8/9/02) Netherlands Antilles (11/26/01) New Caledonia (9/16/02) New Zealand (6/27/02) Nicaragua (11/7/02) Niger (8/15/02) Nigeria (1/19/01) North Korea (7/22/02) Norway (3/4/02) Oman (9/18/02) Pakistan (4/4/02) Palau (6/26/02) Panama (9/20/01) Papua New Guinea (6/13/02) Paraguay (8/15/02) Peru (7/30/02) Philippines (10/11/02) Poland (2/7/02) Portugal (5/8/02) Qatar (8/29/02) Romania (9/30/02) Russia (10/2/02) Rwanda (6/10/02) Samoa (6/26/02) Sao Tome and Principe (3/8/02) Saudi Arabia (8/29/02) Senegal (7/26/02) Seychelles (6/21/02) Sierra Leone (7/30/02) Singapore (11/1/02) Slovak Republic (9/16/02) Slovenia (9/5/02) Solomon Islands (3/11/02) Somalia (6/21/02) South Africa (6/21/02) South Korea (11/22/02) Spain and Andorra (2/25/02) Sri Lanka (4/11/02) St. Kitts & Nevis (8/9/02) St. Lucia (9/14/99) St. Vincent & the Grenadines (8/15/02) Sudan (8/6/02) Suriname (4/29/02) Swaziland (4/11/02) Sweden (9/30/02) Switzerland & Liechtenstein (9/4/01) Syria (3/21/02) Taiwan (6/7/02) Tajikistan (5/31/02) 9/26/01 Travel Warning Tanzania (Zanzibar) (4/9/02) Thailand (10/30/02) Togo (8/19/02) Tonga (9/16/02) Trinidad & Tobago (11/01/02) Tunisia (6/7/02) Turkey (11/22/02) Driver Safety Briefing for Turkey Turkmenistan (1/18/02) 9/12/02 Public Announcement Turks and Caicos (6/21/02) Tuvalu (9/16/02) Uganda (7/30/02) Ukraine (9/26/02) United Arab Emirates (11/13/02) United Kingdom and Gibraltar (England, Wales, Scotland, Northern Ireland) (7/8/02) Uruguay (9/5/01) Uzbekistan (4/18/02) 10/31/02 Public Announcement Vanuatu (6/26/02) Venezuela (11/6/02) 11/27/02 Public Announcement Vietnam (7/27/01) Yemen (12/3/01) 11/30/02 Travel Warning Yugoslavia, Federal Republic of (5/28/02) Zambia (7/22/02) Zimbabwe (11/26/02) Hotel Security: Hotel Security Registration Room selection Escape routes Safe havens Hotel pages Room Key In your room Taxi Foot Traffic: Foot Traffic Vary your route and times of travel Stay alert to what is happening around you Avoid areas that are hostile Walk facing traffic Maintain a cautious attitude, cross intersections with groups, stop with your back against a wall Know what you are going to do if you have a crisis Traveling By Car: Traveling By Car Make your self a “hard” target Vary your routes and times of travel Know location of safe areas Everyone in the car should be alert to what is happening around them Car Bomb Searches: Car Bomb Searches If the surveillance team thinks you are doing a good job of searching your car for bombs, they will be less likely to attempt a car bombing Looks for signs of tampering, pieces of tape, discarded wires, grease marks, etc..... Do the search the same way each time so that you always cover the same areas If you sense something is wrong then leave the car and call authorities Office Protection: Office Protection Vary routines, times and exits Desks and offices Windows Visitors Incoming mail Office management Emergency plans Hostage Taking: Hostage Taking Hostage taking is a way of setting up a bargaining position Several possible reasons for victim selection Political extremists and religious fanatics are the major threat in hostage taking Fleeing criminal, the wronged person, and mentally disturbed are the most unpredictable Captured: Captured Resist or surrender? Do not resist unduly Stay alert Authorized Conduct: Authorized Conduct DOD Directive 1300.7 provides guidance on authorized conduct for hostages during peacetime DoD policy is to survive with honor Maintain your military bearing Remain calm, courteous, and project personal dignity Carefully consider the risk prior to an escape attempt Provide your name, rank, social security number, and date of birth and innocent circumstances leading to detention Summary: Summary Be alert to, and aware of, the security atmosphere. Overcome routines. Maintain a low profile. Know the threat and likely threat tactics. Be prepared for unexpected events. Practice the security measures presented here. Have a safe trip! More Information: More Information http://at-aware.org (password= aware) SAEDA/AT CD-ROM available from S2 Slide34: “…we are a country awakened to danger and called to defend freedom. Our grief has turned to anger, anger to resolution, whether we bring our enemies to justice, or justice to our enemies, justice will be done.” “We have no greater responsibility than the defense of our people against terrorist attack.” President George W. Bush before the 107th Congress, 20 September 2001
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