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Antigone Background

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Information about Antigone Background

Published on April 15, 2008

Author: dgeo

Source: slideshare.net

Description

An intro for students preparing to read the play Antigone.
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Background Information on the Oedipus Cycle Three plays by Sophocles

The Cycle Play # 1 = Oedipus Rex (Oedipus the King) Play # 2 = Oedipus at Colonus Play # 3 = Antigone (441 B.C.)

Play # 1 = Oedipus Rex

(Oedipus the King)

Play # 2 = Oedipus at Colonus

Play # 3 = Antigone (441 B.C.)

Festival of Dionysus* Each year, playwrights were chosen to produce three tragedies, along with a satyr play (a comic interlude) for a theatrical competition at the festival. *the god of wine and fertility

Each year, playwrights were chosen to produce three tragedies, along with a satyr play (a comic interlude) for a theatrical competition at the festival.

*the god of wine and fertility

Ancient Greek Drama Plays were performed during the day in outdoor theaters built into hillsides. See photo, page 939

Plays were performed during the day in outdoor theaters built into hillsides.

See photo, page 939

Ancient Greek Actors Men wore elegant robes with huge masks and elevated shoes to seem larger than life. Sophocles used three actors per play. They changed masks to change roles.

Men wore elegant robes with huge masks and elevated shoes to seem larger than life.

Sophocles used three actors per play. They changed masks to change roles.

The Chorus The chorus was a group of 15 men who spoke between scenes to comment on the action. They sometimes participated in the dialogue as well. The chorus was meant to represent the audience’s perspective and response.

The chorus was a group of 15 men who spoke between scenes to comment on the action.

They sometimes participated in the dialogue as well.

The chorus was meant to represent the audience’s perspective and response.

Greek Tragedy A tragedy is a play about the downfall of a dignified, superior character who is involved in historically or socially significant events.

A tragedy is a play about the downfall of a dignified, superior character who is involved in historically or socially significant events.

Tragic Heroes The tragic hero (or protagonist) is involved in conflict that builds from one event to the next until a catastrophe results. Fate and a tragic flaw also play key roles in the destruction of the hero’s life.

The tragic hero (or protagonist) is involved in conflict that builds from one event to the next until a catastrophe results.

Fate and a tragic flaw also play key roles in the destruction of the hero’s life.

Tragic Flaw A tragic flaw is a defect that brings about, or contributes to, the tragic hero’s downfall. The tragic flaw is often a positive trait that turns negative, such as pride, honesty, honor, confidence, or generosity.

A tragic flaw is a defect that brings about, or contributes to, the tragic hero’s downfall.

The tragic flaw is often a positive trait that turns negative, such as pride, honesty, honor, confidence, or generosity.

Summary Mrs. George will now tell the tragic story of the first two Oedipus plays, while creating beautiful sketches of the setting. Note-taking is recommended, since everything she says is important.

Mrs. George will now tell the tragic story of the first two Oedipus plays, while creating beautiful sketches of the setting.

Note-taking is recommended, since everything she says is important.

Pop Quiz What does “Oedipus” mean? Who can pronounce “Oedipus” correctly? Who were Oedipus’s birth parents? Why did they have him killed? Why did Oedipus’s sons fight? Who is Ismene? How do you pronounce her name?

What does “Oedipus” mean?

Who can pronounce “Oedipus” correctly?

Who were Oedipus’s birth parents?

Why did they have him killed?

Why did Oedipus’s sons fight?

Who is Ismene?

How do you pronounce her name?

Oedipus’ Theme Knowledge = pain is better than Ignorance = bliss Oedipus finds out the truth at any cost, then accepts full responsibility. This makes him a hero, in spite of his weaknesses and faults.

Knowledge = pain

is better than

Ignorance = bliss

Oedipus finds out the truth at any cost, then accepts full responsibility. This makes him a hero, in spite of his weaknesses and faults.

Conflicts and Concepts The play Antigone deals with divided loyalties and difficult choices: faith, family, or kingdom?

The play Antigone deals with divided loyalties and difficult choices: faith, family, or kingdom?

Antigone’s conflict deals with differences among the following principles: Loyalty / obligations to family Obedience to civil law Observance of religious law Protection of personal dignity Freedom Protection of community or nation

Antigone’s conflict deals with differences among the following principles:

Loyalty / obligations to family

Obedience to civil law

Observance of religious law

Protection of personal dignity

Freedom

Protection of community or nation

Civil Disobedience: Rebellion with Purpose & Consequence Choosing to disobey the law as a matter of conscience, and accepting the concenquences. Rosa Parks: refusing to relinquish her bus seat = arrested Conscientious objectors: refusing to fight = jail Henry David Thoreau: refusing to pay taxes so that his money won’t support programs he disagrees with = jail/fines

Choosing to disobey the law

as a matter of conscience,

and accepting the concenquences.

Rosa Parks:

refusing to relinquish her bus seat = arrested

Conscientious objectors:

refusing to fight = jail

Henry David Thoreau:

refusing to pay taxes so that his money won’t support programs he disagrees with = jail/fines

Greek Culture “ You can’t escape your fate.” Non es actus reus nisi mens sit rea (there is no guilty act without a guilty mind) Family is everything (thus, Oedipus has committed the WORST sins) Curses bear power (Oedipus had to carry out his own curse.) Truth matters (Oedipus had to solve the riddle of his own life by revealing a truth too awful to bear.)

“ You can’t escape your fate.”

Non es actus reus nisi mens sit rea (there is no guilty act without a guilty mind)

Family is everything (thus, Oedipus has committed the WORST sins)

Curses bear power (Oedipus had to carry out his own curse.)

Truth matters (Oedipus had to solve the riddle of his own life by revealing a truth too awful to bear.)

Characters Antigone (daughter of Oedipus & Jocasta) Ismene (Antigone’s sensible sister) Creon (Jocasta’s brother, Antigone’s Uncle) Haemon (Creon’s son & Antigone’s fiancé) Euridice (Creon’s wife) Teiresias (a blind prophet) Chorus (commentary/summaries in poetry) Choragus (leader of the chorus) A Sentry A Messenger The tragic hero

Antigone (daughter of Oedipus & Jocasta)

Ismene (Antigone’s sensible sister)

Creon (Jocasta’s brother, Antigone’s Uncle)

Haemon (Creon’s son & Antigone’s fiancé)

Euridice (Creon’s wife)

Teiresias (a blind prophet)

Chorus (commentary/summaries in poetry)

Choragus (leader of the chorus)

A Sentry

A Messenger

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