ANTH326mtg4

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Information about ANTH326mtg4

Published on December 22, 2008

Author: Enkerli

Source: slideshare.net

Description

ANTH326mtg4

ANTH326 Peoples and Cultures of Sub-Saharan Africa Meeting 4, October 1, 2007

Assignments Deadlines Marks Grades

Deadlines

Marks

Grades

Past Factoids Stage Culture(s) Mainstream cultural anthropology Expose to approach From field research Will get more critical/analytical

Culture(s)

Mainstream cultural anthropology

Expose to approach

From field research

Will get more critical/analytical

Discussion Limited lecturing Exchange ideas Reassessing Africa Get on same page Shared understanding Debates ok Thoughtful disagreement Better discuss them online

Limited lecturing

Exchange ideas

Reassessing Africa

Get on same page

Shared understanding

Debates ok

Thoughtful disagreement

Better discuss them online

Unpacking issues Not rehash/summarise Try to understand content Explain (in own words) Implications Picking themes

Not rehash/summarise

Try to understand content

Explain (in own words)

Implications

Picking themes

Active Reading (Discussion Prompts) What struck you? Critical perspective Author’s approach Arguments Links with other texts

What struck you?

Critical perspective

Author’s approach

Arguments

Links with other texts

McCall African distinctiveness generalization vs. diversity Community (larger than kinship) Imagined Communities (Benedict Anderson) Individual/group Acribed/achieved status Group land ownership

African distinctiveness generalization vs. diversity

Community (larger than kinship)

Imagined Communities (Benedict Anderson)

Individual/group

Acribed/achieved status

Group land ownership

Defining Cultural Groups “ Ethnic groups” («Ethnies») “ Ethnology” of bounded entities? “ Cultural traits” Internal logic Holism Fluid identity

“ Ethnic groups” («Ethnies»)

“ Ethnology” of bounded entities?

“ Cultural traits”

Internal logic

Holism

Fluid identity

Social Structure in General Sub-groups Subcultures? May be primary identity Internal structure Hierarchy (dominance) Stratification (social classes) Egalitarianism

Sub-groups

Subcultures?

May be primary identity

Internal structure

Hierarchy (dominance)

Stratification (social classes)

Egalitarianism

Egalitarianism Non-State Societies Small groups Nomadic groups Pastoralists (herders) Foragers (hunter-gatherers) Part of broader groups

Non-State Societies

Small groups

Nomadic groups

Pastoralists (herders)

Foragers (hunter-gatherers)

Part of broader groups

Status Prestige Authority Power Political Social Supernatural Wealth

Prestige

Authority

Power

Political

Social

Supernatural

Wealth

Occupation Recognisable (like blue/white collar) Specialisation Hierarchy Identity

Recognisable (like blue/white collar)

Specialisation

Hierarchy

Identity

Craftspeople Occupational Griots Blacksmiths Leatherworkers Ambiguous status Power Endogamy (marry within)

Occupational

Griots

Blacksmiths

Leatherworkers

Ambiguous status

Power

Endogamy (marry within)

McCall 2 Intro, ethnography, place Civic projects Assimilation vs. flexibility (cultural change, acculturation, adaptation) Efficiency/appropriateness

Intro, ethnography, place

Civic projects

Assimilation vs. flexibility (cultural change, acculturation, adaptation)

Efficiency/appropriateness

McCall 3 Kinship/household/subsistence Wealth/prestige Gender and ownership Matrilineality (sibblings…) Importance of age Coming of age

Kinship/household/subsistence

Wealth/prestige

Gender and ownership

Matrilineality (sibblings…)

Importance of age

Coming of age

Gender More next week Roles Status Identity Power Matrilineality Polygyny

More next week

Roles

Status

Identity

Power

Matrilineality

Polygyny

Age Gerontocracy Ancestors Age sets and age grades Initiation societies Rites of passage “ Oldboy” Separate genders

Gerontocracy

Ancestors

Age sets and age grades

Initiation societies

Rites of passage

“ Oldboy”

Separate genders

Secret societies Initiation societies Muslim brotherhoods (sufism) Tijaniyya Freemasons

Initiation societies

Muslim brotherhoods (sufism)

Tijaniyya

Freemasons

Voluntary Associations Social networks Urban life Local "Ethnic“ Cosmopolitan networks Political parties

Social networks

Urban life

Local

"Ethnic“

Cosmopolitan networks

Political parties

Westernization Cultural Contacts Cultural change Coerced or voluntary Western-like but typically African Networks Manage change Other partners

Cultural Contacts

Cultural change

Coerced or voluntary

Western-like but typically African

Networks

Manage change

Other partners

Education School types (Koranic, Missionary, National) Networks Formal education “ Western-style” Obsession with literacy Power of orality Gender Generation gap

School types (Koranic, Missionary, National)

Networks

Formal education

“ Western-style”

Obsession with literacy

Power of orality

Gender

Generation gap

“ Afrosphere ” African-American bloggers Could apply same concept to Africa? Online representation Separate realities Segregation? Worldviews

African-American bloggers

Could apply same concept to Africa?

Online representation

Separate realities

Segregation?

Worldviews

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