Published on December 2, 2008
WORLD TOURISM ORGANIZATION (UNWTO) From theory to practice: First steps towards the implementation of a TSA SESRIC-UNWTO Workshop on Tourism Statistics and the Elaboration of a Tourism Satellite Account : WORLD TOURISM ORGANIZATION (UNWTO) From theory to practice: First steps towards the implementation of a TSA SESRIC-UNWTO Workshop on Tourism Statistics and the Elaboration of a Tourism Satellite Account ANKARA, TURKEY June 2008 A TSA implementation programThe basic steps defined by UNWTO : 2 A TSA implementation programThe basic steps defined by UNWTO A good undestanding of the TSA framework and its proposed tables Description of the country’s tourism activity; Stop here if it is not important* Description of the country’s system of tourism statistics (STS) in statistical terms; Stop here if it is too weak* Statistical description of the country’s system of national accounts and related systems; Stop here if it is too weak* Compilation of an experimental TSA; where we stand Setting up of a feasibility study to analyze and remedy the flaws* Implementing the decisions and getting results Pilot estimations to monitor the advance of the project Statistical assessment of the quality of the TSA Disseminating the results and proceeding further The Process – main characteristics : 3 The Process – main characteristics CONSULT with stakeholders - data users and suppliers STICK with the local characteristics of tourism, tourism information, the statistical context and the objectives of the system DEFINE priorities – what is first ORGANIZE the project – who does what DEVELOP a work program, with clear milestones and decision points - when IMPLEMENT it in gradual stages The inter-institutional platform: why?Consult and work together : 4 The inter-institutional platform: why?Consult and work together Priorities - determined by users Technical expertise - resides within statistical bodies (including especially compilers of national accounts and balance of payments) Data - supplied by industry, associations, border control authorities, statistical offices, other administrative sources Countries which have set up a TSA project all over the world have found it most useful and even necessary. The inter-institutional platform: Who ?Efficiency: experience and guidance : 5 The inter-institutional platform: Who ?Efficiency: experience and guidance Bodies that generate and supply general statistics and basic tourism information: NSO, NTA, CB, associations of tourism enterprises; Bodies providing information on specific aspects of tourism: border control authorities, local agencies; Potential users of information on tourism (NTA (policy), universities (research), private sector (planning, marketing, promotion). Satellite accounting: Important to involve the unit in charge of the compilation of the national accounts of the country The inter-institutional platform: How? : 6 The inter-institutional platform: How? No unique way of creating this platform: stick to the local culture of inter-institutional collaboration Look for efficiency through flexibility Requirements: Articulate the degree and mode of involvement of each institution Firm institutional commitment of all participants - either through formal agreement or binding working arrangements Clear assignment of resources Clear rules concerning exchange of detailed information and the management of confidential data Organization of the platform:recommended composition and structure : 7 Organization of the platform:recommended composition and structure Depends on: the organization of the statistical system of the country, and on the specific institutional setting; The present state of the tourism data base; the institutional set up and status of the institutions in charge of tourism, and within these institutions, of the structure specifically in charge of tourism statistics (adequate level for discussion); The local practices in developing projects common to various institutions; The initiative can come from top-down or bottom-up The interinstitutional platform:practical modus operandi : 8 The interinstitutional platform:practical modus operandi Requirements: strong organization of teams and meetings precise agenda for each meeting prompt follow-up of decisions organized project secretariat Organizational scheme : 9 Organizational scheme T.C. T.C. T.C. T.C. Technical Committees might exist on an ad-hoc basis. Chair: a specific staff member of one of the entities, or an individual chosen for his/her personal capacity Council for the TSA development (political instance) Chair: Min. Tourism or equival. TSA National Team (technical instance) The link between the different levels : 10 The link between the different levels Council for the TSA development Composition: heads of the main institutions involved (Tourism Administrations, Statistical office, Central Bank, border control authorities, representatives of private sector, of the academy if relevant..) Chaired by the Minister of Tourism or equivalent Secretary from the TSA National Team (chair?) Specific role Policy setting Revision of the work plan and its implementation Commitment of the institutions they represent into the program: assignment of resources, technical and staff Validation of the results and their promotion The link between the different levels : 11 The link between the different levels TSA National Team Made of high level technical staff of main institutions involved Chaired possibly by head of unit in charge of National Accounts compilation Operational function Define the process for the implementation of the TSA and the work program Give the technical orientation which is needed Review and approve the work done by adhoc technical committees if they exist, by units of the participating bodies or by a specifically established unit; Submit proposals and results to the Council for the TSA Development The role of specific institutions : 12 The role of specific institutions National Tourism Administrations (NTAs) Leading role in the Council for the TSA Development; Coordination of the different stakeholders; Major orientations in terms of tourism policy design. National Statistical Offices (NSOs) Integration within the general statistical system of the country; Technical orientations and know how in national accounts, survey design and collection of statistical information; Responsible of the credibility of the exercise. The role of the private sector (including the academy) : 13 The role of the private sector (including the academy) Essential role as: Main providers of information Important users of information Provide advice and help foster collaboration with respondents, through: Improved data collection instruments/ questionnaires adapted to the operating and accounting practices of their constituencies; Improved communication between data collectors and data suppliers and users Participations of participating institutions to the different stages : 14 Participations of participating institutions to the different stages The inter-institutional platform : The inter-institutional platform Country experiences The case of Iran : 16 The case of Iran The development of the TSA was considered within the Tourism Development and Management Master Plan: strong institutionalism of the project Short term objective: 2001-2005: to improve the statistical basis; Medium to long term objective: 2006-2015: to measure effectively the economic impact of tourism in order to properly and credibly assess the progress with the design of strategies to enhance the economic impact of tourism. Iran… : 17 Iran… Structure in 3 levels Policy level: Coordination and Policy making Council: high level responsibility Head of the Statistical Center of Iran (SCI) (chair); Head of Tourism and Touring Organization (ITTO) Head of the Bureau of Economic Accounts (SCI) D.G. Department of Foreign Resident Affairs D.G. Bureau of Culture and Art affairs (Management and Planning Organization MPO) D.G. of the Economic Accounts Dept (Central Bank) etc Iran… : 18 Iran… Technical Coordination level: Committee for the Study and compilation of the TSA Senior experts on TSA (SCI) Sectoral experts National Accounts (SCI) Representatives ITTO (hotels operators) Representatives Central Bank Representatives Department of Foreign Resident Affairs Operational level: Tourism statistic groups Representatives of the Study and Compilation Committee Sectoral technicians from SCI Technicians in statistical methodology (SCI) Representatives ITTO (hotels operators) Representatives of Economic Accounts Dpt (Central Bank) Representatives Tourism and Recreational Centers Organization Source: report presented to a seminar held in Madrid September 2002 Interinstitutional PlatformKENYA : 19 Interinstitutional PlatformKENYA Two levels of committees: TSA Policy Committee equivalent to the Council for the TSA TSA Technical Committee equivalent to the TSA National team Source: CBS, KENYA (presentation at Seychelles TSA workshop) Kenya: TSA policy Committee : 20 Kenya: TSA policy Committee Permanent Secretary, Ministry of Tourism and Information (MTI) Director of Tourism Director of Central Bureau of Statistics Managing Director Kenya Tourism Board Director of Research: Central Bank of Kenya Kenya Tourism Development Authority Principal Immigration Officers TSA coordinator (head of planning, MTI) TSA Secretary (Tourism Officer, DOT) Source: CBS Kenya (presentation at Seychelles TSA workshop) Kenya: TSA technical Committee : 21 Kenya: TSA technical Committee Chairman: TSA coordinator (Head of Planning, MTI) Department of Tourism Central Bureau of Statistics Kenya Tourism Board Director of Research: Central Bank of Kenya Principal Immigration Officers TSA Secretary (Tourism Officer, DOT) Source: CBS Kenya (presentation at Seychelles TSA workshop) The inter-institutional platform in South Africa : The inter-institutional platform in South Africa Department of Environment and Tourism DEAT Directorate: research Special Research Unit Finance Stats SA South African Resource Bank Stats SA is the official publisher of government information, census data and statistics A more bottom-up approach
Title: High-level technical seminar on Tourism Statistics and the elaboration of a Tourism Satellite Account Author - - Last modified by: Carolina
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