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Animal Welfare Board of India

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Information about Animal Welfare Board of India
Education

Published on August 21, 2017

Author: kiran_vet

Source: authorstream.com

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ANIMAL WELFARE BOARD OF INDIA: ANIMAL WELFARE BOARD OF INDIA Dr.T. Kiran Kumar Reddy VAS, RAHTC, REDDIPALLI Slide 2: “ It shall be the fundamental duty of every citizen of India to protect and improve the natural environment including forests, lakes, rivers and wildlife, and to have compassion for all living creatures”- The Constitution of India Article 51-A(g ) Slide 3: The Govt. of India, Ministry of Food & Agriculture constituted the Animal welfare Board of India on 19 th March 1962. The subject of prevention of cruelty to animals was transferred from Ministry of Food & Agriculture to the Ministry of Environment and forests with effect from 28 th march 1990. The animal welfare board of India, the first of its kind Animal welfare organisation to be established by any government in the world was set up in 1962, in accordance with the section 4 of Prevention of Cruelty to animals Acts 1960 (no.59 of 1960) Slide 4: The Prevention of Cruelty to Animals Act (PCA) 1960 (59 of 1960) was enacted in December 1960 with the object of preventing infliction of unnecessary pain and suffering to animals. Smt. Rukmini devi Arundale pioneered the setting of the board with its head quarter at Chennai and guided the activities of the board for nearly 20 years till her demise in 1986. Slide 5: 1 CHAIRMAN 2 VICE-CHAIRMAN 3 INSPECTOR GENERAL OF FORESTS 1 4 ANIMAL HUSBANDRY COMMISSIONER 1 5 Rep. of MINy . OF HOME AFFAIRS 1 6 Rep. of MINy . OF HRD (Education) 1 7 MPs – LOKSABHA 4 8 MPs – RAJYASABHA 2 9 INDIVIDUALS 3 10 HUMANITARIANS 3 11 SPCA’s 3 12 AWO’s 3 13 Rep. Of INDIAN BOARD OF WILDLIFE 1 14 Rep. Of INDIAN VETERINARY Assn. 1 15 Rep. Of INDIAN MEDICINE 1 16 Rep. Of ALLOPATHIC MEDICINE 1 17 MUNICIPAL CORPORATIONS 2 TOTAL 28 Slide 6: WELFARE = NET HAPPINESS OR ENJOYMENT - SUFFERING Functions: Functions To keep in force the PCA Act in force and advice Govt. on any amendments. To advice the central Govt. on making of the rules under the act, preventing unnecessary pain or suffering to animals, like during transportation, performance, captivity, confinement. To advise the Govt. on designing of vehicles which decrease burden on draught animals. Encouraging on construction of sheds, water troughs and providing Veterinary assistance to animals. Advise Govt. or local authorities on designing of slaughter houses and see that animals are killed in humane manner as possible. Slide 8: Advise elimination of unwanted animals instantaneously or humanely. Encourage by grant of financial assistance for establishment of rescue homes, animal shelters, sanctuaries when they need protection. Work in co-operation with the bodies formed for preventing unnecessary pain or suffering to animals. Financial assistance and assistance in forming of animal welfare organizations . Advice Govt. on matters relating to the medical care and attention in animal hospitals and give financial assistance to animal hospitals where ever the board thinks it is necessary. Slide 9: Impart education in relation to humane treatment of animals and to encourage public opinion in doing so. Wide publicity by lectures, books, posters, cinematographs, exhibitions etc. Advise Govt. on any matter connected with animal welfare or prevention of infliction of unnecessary pain or suffering in animals . Slide 10: Shri M.Ravi Kumar, IFS (Secretary, Animal Welfare Board of India  Ministry of Environment,Forest & Climate Change, Govt. of India) Slide 11: Smt Rukmini Devi Arundale Founder Chairman Minister of State for Environment & Forests Slide 12: Transport of the Animals Amendment Rules, 2008 Now, therefore in exercise of the powers conferred by sub-sections (1) and (2) of section 38 of the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals Act, 1960 (59 of 1960), the Central Government hereby makes the following rules further to amend the Transport of Animals Rules 1978, namely:- 1. (1) These rules may be called Transport of Animals (Amendment) Rules,2009. (2) They shall come into force on the date of their publication in the Official Gazette. 2. In the Transport of Animals Rules, 1978 (herein after referred to as the said rules), for rule 50, the following rule 50 shall be substituted, namely:- “50. The average space provided per cattle in Railway wagon or vehicle shall be as provided Slide 13: Cattle weighing upto 200 Kg. 1 Square Meter Cattle weighing 200-300 Kg 1.2 Sq.mt Cattle weighing 300-400 Kg 1.4 Sq.mt Cattle Weighing above 400 Kg 2.0 Sq.mt Other acts and rules passed by the awbi: Other acts and rules passed by the awbi PCA (slaughter house) amendment rules, 2010 ABC Revised rules-2010 Draft Dog Breeding rules-2010 Notification regarding ban on use of animals-11.10.2011 Terms and conditions of service of members of the board: Terms and conditions of service of members of the board Term – 3 years Term of ex-officio member –as long as he holds the office by virtue of which he is such a member. The Central Govt. may, at any time, remove for reasons to be recorded in writing a member from office after giving show cause notice. Allowances- fixed if any as per norms. Slide 16: General Conditions for use of draught and pack animals No person shall use or cause to be used any animal for drawing any vehicle or carrying any load– a. For more than nine hours in a day in the aggregate. b. For more than five hours continuously without a break for rest for the animal c. In any area where the temperature exceeds 37 degree C (99 degree F) during the period between 12.00 noon and 3.00 p.m. Slide 17: The average space provided per cattle in Railway wagon or vehicle shall not be less than two square metres. An ordinary goods wagon shall carry not more than ten adult cattle or fifteen calves on broad gauge, not more than six adult cattle or ten calves on metre guage, or not more than four cattle or six calves on narrow gauge. No goods vehicle shall carry more than six cattle. Slide 18: Goods vehicles of capacity of 5 or 4 ½ tons, which are generally used for transporting animals, shall carry not more than forty sheep or goats. All AWOs carrying out ABC programme are requested not to use Ketoprofen, Carprofen and Flunixin (NSID) for their anti-inflamation properties on ABC operated Slide 19: Animal Welfare Board of India THE AWBI ESTD. 1962 UNDER AN ACT OF PARLIAMENT (Ministry of Environment & Forests, Govt of India) 13/1, 3rd Seaward Rd, Valmiki Nagar, Thiruvanmiyur, Chennai - 600 041 Tel: 044-24454958 / 24454935 Fax: 044-24454330 Email: awbi@md3.vsnl.net.in Website: www.awbi.org Slide 20: The greatness of a nation and its moral progress can be judged by the way its animals are treated. Mahatma Gandhi Real kindness comes from a sense of friendship with animals. Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru AP first to implement painless castration for cattle : In a first, Andhra Pradesh Government will ease the pain of cattle that have to go under the knife for castration. The Directorate of Animal Husbandry has issued a directive making it mandatory for veterinarians to administer anesthetics to cattle that have to go in for castration. At present, a castrator or ‘crushing’ method, which are painful procedures are performed. Failure to do this would be a punishable offence under the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals Act, 1960. Andhra Pradesh is the first to follow the mandate set by the Animal Welfare Board of India, which issued the advisory to all State animal husbandry departments in April 2012. The board acted after meeting with veterinary experts from People for the Ethical Treatment of Animals (PETA) India and reviewing PETA’s report on the pain and stress endured by bulls. The new guidelines require veterinarians to use drugs to reduce or even eliminate fear and pain during castration. These humane procedure options are available to farmers for a nominal one-time AP first to implement painless castration for cattle What are the powers that a police man can exercise when he see the cruelty being done on animals?: Section 34 of The Prevention of Cruelty to Animals Act, 1960 provides the general power of seizure for examination to the police officer above the rank of constable. If the police officer comes to know about an offence against commission of any offence under PCA Act has been committed or is been committed on any animal, he can seize the animal and produce the same for examination by the nearest magistrate or by the Veterinary Officer. What are the powers that a police man can exercise when he see the cruelty being done on animals? Slide 23: Whether it is the case of overloading of animals or beating of animal or any offences under this PCA Act, the police have the power to seize the animals and send them to infirmaries for the treatment and care of animals. This is provided under Section 35 of The Prevention of Cruelty to Animals Act, 1960. Section 35 states that the animals are to be detained and have to be produced before the magistrate. Animals are to be treated and cared for in an infirmary, until they are fit for discharge. The animal sent for care and treatment to an infirmary cannot be released from such places unless the veterinary officer issues the certificate of its fitness for discharge. The cost of transporting the animal to an infirmary and its maintenance and treatment in an infirmary, has to be paid by the owner of the animal. Dairies give their milch animals injections of oxytocin in order to induce milk. Is this illegal?: Yes. Use of Oxytocin Inj. on milching animal in order to induce milk is illegal and amounts to cruelty on animal under Section 12 of The Prevention of Cruelty to Animals Act, 1960. It is a cognizable offence and the person shall be punishable with a fine, which may extend upto one thousand rupees, or with the imprisonment for a term which may extend upto two years, or with both and the animal on which the operation was performed shall be forfeited to the Government. The proprietor of the shop selling these drugs to a dairy shall be liable to lose his license as a pharmacist and shopkeeper in addition to criminal charges with punishment of up to 5 years in prison. Dairies give their milch animals injections of oxytocin in order to induce milk. Is this illegal? Is it illegal to sacrifice animals ?: Yes, animal sacrifice is illegal. The act of animal sacrifices is covered under Local Municipal Corporation Acts, Prevention of Cruelty to Animals Act, 1960, Wildlife (Protection) Act, 1972, Indian Penal Code (IPC). It is also specifically forbidden in the following states under The Prohibition of Bird and Animal Sacrifice Act: a) Andhra Pradesh b) Gujarat c) Karnataka d) Kerala e) Pondicherry f) Rajasthan g) Tamil Nadu Is it illegal to sacrifice animals ? BE A COMPASSIONATE CITIZEN: BE A COMPASSIONATE CITIZEN Compassionate Citizen  is People for the Ethical Treatment of Animals (PETA) India's version of PETA Thank you: Thank you

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