Anes Equip Probs 03

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Published on April 30, 2008

Author: Melinda

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New and Old Problems with Anesthesia Equipment BWH Anesthesia Grand Rounds July 9, 2003:  New and Old Problems with Anesthesia Equipment BWH Anesthesia Grand Rounds July 9, 2003 © Copyright 2002-2003, James H Philip, All rights reserved. Slide2:  Equip Probs JHP Ready If you stay you will learn how and why the following are true:  If you stay you will learn how and why the following are true Suction can fail 11 different ways There are many ways a vaporizer can fail O-rings cause many failures New Tec7 vaporizer needs special filler adapter and must be pressed to fill Checkout includes Ventilator Checkout includes “Admit Patient” to reset alarms Use an HME to keep the circuit dry and ventilator and gas sampling working Gas Sample Filters are cracking. Save all that crack to be sent to Manufacturer Free-hosing with Forced Hot Air (e.g., Bair Hugger) is dangerous - don’t do it Draeger Fabius moos and can have negative (sucking) leaks A shorter checkout is possible - Should we post it? Should we do it? ECG Filter must not be set to Maximum if want to monitor S-T, T waves Problem Solving - Clinical vs Technical; Treat signs; Find & Treat Root Cause Block on: Problem Solving in Anesthesia:  Block on: Problem Solving in Anesthesia July 9, 2003 7 - 8 AM New & Old Problems with Anesthesia Equipment James Philip, M.D. 8 - 9 AM Hypotension George Topulos, M.D. New and Old Problems with Anesthesia Equipment James H. Philip MEE MD CCE Anesthesiologist Medical Liaison for Partners Biomedical Engineering Director of Technology Assessment for BWH:  New and Old Problems with Anesthesia Equipment James H. Philip MEE MD CCE Anesthesiologist Medical Liaison for Partners Biomedical Engineering Director of Technology Assessment for BWH Biomed Intro:  Biomed Intro Failed Suction :  Failed Suction Patient is a 29 yo F receiving general anesthesia for elective gynecologic surgery. Immediately after loss of consciousness, the patient vomits You place the Yankauer Suction in patient’s mouth and occlude the vent hole But, nothing happens What is going on? Suction can fail in many ways:  Suction can fail in many ways DISS (Diameter Index Safety System) Connector Unscrewed at Wall Suction can fail in many ways:  Suction can fail in many ways DISS (Diameter Index Safety System) Connector Unscrewed at Wall Vacuum Switched Off at DISS Connector Canister problem:  Canister problem Hose disconnect from canister Canister switched off Insert seated incorrectly Any port or hole open Hose disconnect from holder Tubing disconnect from canister Flap valve closed Canister Tilted Canister Full Hose kinked Suction Solution:  Suction Solution Test Function Before Case During Case New Vaporizers have New Failure Modes:  New Vaporizers have New Failure Modes Tec7 Vaporizer by Datex-Ohmeda:  Tec7 Vaporizer by Datex-Ohmeda Differences from previous White, not black Still Agent-specific for: Halothane, Enflurane, Isoflurane, Sevoflurane Wider flow range = .2 L - 15 LPM Non-spill system limits movement of liquid if tilted or inverted No periodic service required ( Tec 4 = 1 yr, Tec 5 = 3 yr, Tec 7 no) Easy-fil™ System 50% faster fill than previous (Tec 3,4,5) Low-leak fill Intuitive alignment (they say) Soldered sump and seal (not O-rings) Easy Fil™:  Easy Fil™ No Spill Auto Fill ? Press to overcome spring No Which is filling as we watch?:  Which is filling as we watch? Desflurane Tec6 Semi-Automatic Fill (no patent pending) Why no O-rings?:  Why no O-rings? O-rings fail Space Shuttle Forreger Anesthesia Machines O-Rings sealed a three-vaporizer turret Failed during drug administration Simultaneous delivery of multiple overdoses Last product Forreger ever made Desflurane bottle fill The O Ring belongs here:  The O Ring belongs here The O-Ring is missing:  The O-Ring is missing This is filling with no O-ring:  This is filling with no O-ring When you change a vaporizer:  When you change a vaporizer When you change a vaporizer:  When you change a vaporizer You are expected to do a Negative Pressure Leak Test [See FDA Pre-Use Check Card attached to every Anesthesia Machine] Negative Pressure Leak Test:  Negative Pressure Leak Test Negative Pressure Bulb is in Drawer:  Negative Pressure Bulb is in Drawer If not, Page your Anes Tech Condensed water vapor :  Condensed water vapor Makes Ventilators fail Makes Gas Monitors fail Use a Heat and Moisture Exchanger Wet dome valve - Ohmeda Mod 2:  Wet dome valve - Ohmeda Mod 2 Wet dome valve - Aestiva:  Wet dome valve - Aestiva Fabius flow sensor gets wet, too:  Fabius flow sensor gets wet, too Wet ET tube, dry circuit:  Wet ET tube, dry circuit Datex-Ohmeda Edith® is BWH present HME product:  Datex-Ohmeda Edith® is BWH present HME product Gas Line Filters sometimes crack:  Gas Line Filters sometimes crack Save them if they do crack Page Anes Technician who will bring it to ORCSS Materials Management” to return to Manufacturer For analysis Forced Hot Air warming:  Forced Hot Air warming Use a Blanket Do not use hose without Blanket FDA, ECRI, Manufacturers are appropriately concerned Blanket costs around $10.00 This is not the right place to save money Fabius idiosynchrocies:  Fabius idiosynchrocies Moos like Cow Temporary problem which will be solved If reservoir bag is empty or has a leak Air will be drawn into breathing circuit during mechanical ventilation Anesthesia Machine Checkout:  Anesthesia Machine Checkout Important Will pick up many problems Common root cause of mishap is: Failure to Pre-Check Equipment Check Ventilator Function as part of Check Out:  Check Ventilator Function as part of Check Out Ventilate reservoir bag Observe no volume loss Added recently to our list Admit “New Patient” or re-boot Monitor and Ventilator:  Admit “New Patient” or re-boot Monitor and Ventilator Returns alarms and configuration to Site-Standard Settings (BWH) Failure to do this has led to several reported “events” Added recently to our list Placard on every Anes Machine:  Placard on every Anes Machine Should we also post abbreviated checkout? Abbreviated Machine Check Out:  Abbreviated Machine Check Out Calibrate Oxygen Monitor Check Machine for gas delivery Check Circuit for integrity Check Ventilator for function Check Exhaust for function ECG Monitor filter must not be set to Maximum:  ECG Monitor filter must not be set to Maximum Monitor offers several bandwidth options All faithfully convey ST and T waves except Maximum Filter This keeps wave on screen but Distorts S-T segment and T waves ST and T are “low frequency” “Maximum” filter removes (ruins) these Bandwidth Definitions Diagnostic = .05 - 120 Hz Monitoring = .05 - 40 Hz Moderate = .05 - 25 Hz Maximum = .5 - 25 Hz - the only really bad one Troubleshooting a “Clinical” Problem:  Troubleshooting a “Clinical” Problem Phase 1 – Patient or Equipment Problem ? This differentiation is crucial Starting on the wrong track is a bad start Phase 2 – Treat Signs and seek Root Cause Phase 3 – Treat or correct Root Cause Slide40:  Thank you If you stayed you learned how and why the following are true:  If you stayed you learned how and why the following are true Suction can fail 11 different ways There are many ways a vaporizer can fail O-rings cause many failures New Tec7 vaporizer needs special filler adapter and must be pressed to fill Checkout includes Ventilator Checkout includes “Admit Patient” to reset alarms Use an HME to keep the circuit dry and ventilator and gas sampling working Gas Sample Filters are cracking. Save all that crack to be sent to Manufacturer Free-hosing with Forced Hot Air (e.g., Bair Hugger) is dangerous - don’t do it Draeger Fabius moos and can have negative (sucking) leaks A shorter checkout is possible - Should we post it? Should we do it? ECG Filter must not be set to Maximum if want to monitor S-T, T waves Problem Solving - Clinical vs Technical; Treat signs; Find & Treat Root Cause Requests from Anes Dept:  Requests from Anes Dept Negative Pressure tester in each room Techs do the negative pressure test when they change Vap Techs do circuit pressure test when they connect circuit Aquanaut in OR where used - likely Anes Machine Drawer 5% Sevo alarm default on RGM - Increase it if possible End Here:  End Here New Resources - on Anes Server or CD:  New Resources - on Anes Server or CD From Anesthesia Clinical Bioengineering Elective Residents Brain Monitor Physiometrix PSA4000 - Maurizio Albala MD Brain Monitor Aspect BIS - Maurizio Albala MD GE (Marquette) 9500 Monitor - John Cabral MD Ohmeda RGM Monitor - Jason Ryan MD Ohmeda Tec5 Vaporizer in pieces at Sea Level & Altitude Jason Ryan MD Aestiva Check-Out - Morana Lasic MD Ventilators - Sascha Beutler MD Respiratory Mechanics Module - Eveline Ehrl MD Gas Sampling systems - Jasline Dhingra MD Slide46:  End Slide47:  Whom to Ask James H. Philip, MEE, MD Anesthesiologist and Director of Bioengineering (Anesthesia) Office PBBH - B Ground 732-7330 BB1615) jphilip@zeus.bwh.harvard.edu Slide48:  End

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