Andrew-Becroft-28March2007

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Published on January 14, 2009

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New Zealand Today: Future Directions From the perspective of the Youth Court of New Zealand : New Zealand Today: Future Directions From the perspective of the Youth Court of New Zealand Philanthropy New Zealand Conference Wellington - 28March 2007 Andrew Becroft Principal Youth Court Judge Te Kaiwhakawa Matua o Te Kooti Taiohi Some of the great all time lies ... : 2 Philanthropy New Zealand Conference - 28 March 2007 Some of the great all time lies ... At home “This is going to hurt me more than it hurts you …” “You look great in that …” “I only read it for the articles …” “The camera doesn’t lie …” “Sorry I’m late, the traffic was really busy tonight …” Some great lies …. : 3 Philanthropy New Zealand Conference - 28 March 2007 Some great lies …. At work “The cheque is in the post …” “Actually, I just dictated a letter to you before you rang…” “I’m sorry, he/she is in a meeting …” “I only had half a glass of wine over lunch…” Some great lies …. : 4 Philanthropy New Zealand Conference - 28 March 2007 Some great lies …. In sport “I’ve always been drug free …” Ben Johnson, 1988, after winning Olympic 100 meters final “I have always been faithful to Victoria …” David Beckham “I didn’t add anything to the tea, Mr Mains” Susie the Waitress “I don’t own a mobile phone…” Shane Warne Some great lies …. : 5 Philanthropy New Zealand Conference - 28 March 2007 Some great lies …. In World Affairs “That wooden horse is just a gift, honest …” “I have brought peace in our time …” 1938, British Prime Minister Neville Chamberlain “The Beatles? They are a passing phase…” 1965, Billy Graham “There can be no whitewash in the White House” 1971, President Richard Milhouse Nixon “I did not have sexual relations with that woman” 1998, President William Jefferson Clinton 3 big misunderstandings about Youth Justice ... : 6 Philanthropy New Zealand Conference - 28 March 2007 3 big misunderstandings about Youth Justice ... 1. Youth offending is sky rocketing out of control 2. Youth offenders are all the same 3. Concerned individuals and the community can’t do much to stop youth offending…now or in the future Outline : 7 Philanthropy New Zealand Conference - 28 March 2007 Outline 1. What I see now the real picture about youth offending and youth offenders - fact or fiction? (See handout sheet) 2. Philanthropic priorities now 3. The Future? What is the real picture about youth offending? : 8 Philanthropy New Zealand Conference - 28 March 2007 What is the real picture about youth offending? “There are a number of children running about the streets of Dunedin . . . without the control of parents. If the government does not take them in hand . . . they will become . . . members of a criminal class”. What is the real picture about youth offending? (contd) : 9 Philanthropy New Zealand Conference - 28 March 2007 What is the real picture about youth offending? (contd) “There is a definite relationship between the increase in the number of children on the streets and the increase in juvenile crime”. First headline from The Otago Daily Times 1884; second in 1886 Capital & Coast Youth Forensic Services Statistics: 2000-2004n = 276 : 10 Philanthropy New Zealand Conference - 28 March 2007 Capital & Coast Youth Forensic Services Statistics: 2000-2004n = 276 83% Male Maori over-represented (48%) 70% faced cannabis and alcohol issues 16% drug dependent; 14% alcohol dependent 18% attending school; 28% attending course/training; 45% unemployed 45% excluded/expelled from school 55% attended more than one school/transient 60% in CYFS care at some stage 12% living with both parents; 28% with one parent 2. Philanthropic priorities: The “Four Legs” : 11 Philanthropy New Zealand Conference - 28 March 2007 2. Philanthropic priorities: The “Four Legs” A helpful framework Vital is understanding a young person’s life All here are directly or indirectly involved in one of these 4 legs The four areas Home School Friends/Peers Community Home : 12 Philanthropy New Zealand Conference - 28 March 2007 Home Very few serious youth offenders from stable, two-parent, homes not saying “every solo mother breeds a criminal” not making judgement about separation Most serious young offenders lack a positive, male, role model Family disadvantage - dysfunction usually of fundamental importance School : 13 Philanthropy New Zealand Conference - 28 March 2007 School “Increasing attendance and participation in school by young people a key factor in reducing anti-social behaviour and offending” Not all truants/non-enrolled young people offend: but overwhelming majority of offenders are truants or not enrolled May not be causative; but a clear link exists Every young person kept at school is one less potential career criminal Friends/Peers : 14 Philanthropy New Zealand Conference - 28 March 2007 Friends/Peers Young people seek out role models like heat seeking missile Only issue: who is it that they associate with? Community “Connectedness” : 15 Philanthropy New Zealand Conference - 28 March 2007 Community “Connectedness” “A kid in sport stays out of Court” sign outside Blenheim airport A young person involved in sport, or any organised, positive community activity, stays out of Youth Court A very protective factor - builds resilience: good friends, good role models, good discipline, fulfilment and success Some suggested priorities... : 16 Philanthropy New Zealand Conference - 28 March 2007 Some suggested priorities... I am no expert “Fools rush in where angels fear to tread” Not here to preach or lecture My aim to provoke and encourage reflection : 17 Philanthropy New Zealand Conference - 28 March 2007 Some suggested priorities... 1. Encouraging family stability 2. Parenting programmes - especially those working with “at risk” mothers, particularly single, young parents 3. Family based early intervention programmes: eg Early Start and the Family Help Trust 4. The battle is won and lost by age 5. Saint Ignatius Loyola was right! 5. Targetted, focused, early intervention programmes that work Some suggested priorities : 18 Philanthropy New Zealand Conference - 28 March 2007 Some suggested priorities 1. Mentoring programmes, especially for boys 2. Programmes designed to keep young people involved in education or a meaningful alternative 3. “Programmes” that “work”for young people and which build connectedness Drug and alcohol Mental Health Serious young offenders Note: Youth Offending Services Effectiveness Checklist: Kaye McLaren - MSD. 3. Future Directions : 19 Philanthropy New Zealand Conference - 28 March 2007 3. Future Directions Government Statistician says…. The Changing Face of New Zealand : The Changing Face of New Zealand Brian Pink Government Statistician THE AGEING OF OUR POPULATION : THE AGEING OF OUR POPULATION A Phenomena In Many OECD Countries 2001 Census Usually Resident Population Count : Enter 'Presentation Title - Section Title' here - View menu, Header/Footer 22 2001 Census Usually Resident Population Count Population age structure – 2004 and 2051 : Enter 'Presentation Title - Section Title' here - View menu, Header/Footer 23 Population age structure – 2004 and 2051 Ageing Population, New Zealand, 1966-2051 : Enter 'Presentation Title - Section Title' here - View menu, Header/Footer 24 Ageing Population, New Zealand, 1966-2051 Population aged 65+ years : Enter 'Presentation Title - Section Title' here - View menu, Header/Footer 25 5-yearly change Population Population aged 65+ years POPULATION AND THE CHANGING ETHNIC COMPOSITION : POPULATION AND THE CHANGING ETHNIC COMPOSITION Projected Share of 5-17 Year Age Group in Ethnic Groups, Series 6 : Enter 'Presentation Title - Section Title' here - View menu, Header/Footer 27 Projected Share of 5-17 Year Age Group in Ethnic Groups, Series 6 EDUCATION AND WORK : EDUCATION AND WORK Implications of Population Dynamics Educational age groups : Enter 'Presentation Title - Section Title' here - View menu, Header/Footer 29 Educational age groups GROWING REGIONAL DIFFERENCES : GROWING REGIONAL DIFFERENCES The Rate and Composition of Change North-South population distribution : Enter 'Presentation Title - Section Title' here - View menu, Header/Footer 31 North-South population distribution Projected regional population change2001–2026 : Enter 'Presentation Title - Section Title' here - View menu, Header/Footer 32 Projected regional population change2001–2026 SOCIETAL IMPLICATIONS : SOCIETAL IMPLICATIONS A Few Broad Challenges Slide 34: 35% of Mäori students and 27% of Pacific students left school with no qualifications in 2002, compared with 12% of all other students Little change between 1991-2002 Human Capital Projected ‘age of retirement’to maintain the 2001 ‘aged dependency ratio’1 : Enter 'Presentation Title - Section Title' here - View menu, Header/Footer 35 Projected ‘age of retirement’to maintain the 2001 ‘aged dependency ratio’1 1. Number of people aged 65+ years per 100 people aged 15–64 years. Projected Dependency Ratio, 2004, 2016 & 2026 : Enter 'Presentation Title - Section Title' here - View menu, Header/Footer 36 Projected Dependency Ratio, 2004, 2016 & 2026 The real solution??? : 37 Philanthropy New Zealand Conference - 28 March 2007 The real solution??? Conclusion : 38 Philanthropy New Zealand Conference - 28 March 2007 Conclusion “To nourish children and raise them against the odds is in any time, any place more valuable than to fix bolts in cars or design nuclear weapons” Marilyn French “There is always one moment in childhood when the door opens and lets the future in” “The Power and the Glory”, Graham Greene Hemi’s song : 39 Philanthropy New Zealand Conference - 28 March 2007 Hemi’s song I’m sorry for all the pain that I caused Putting your family through something I could never have stopped And now I’m staring at the stars thinking of what i have done Something stupid of course what was I thinking of Looking for my mentality but that was lost Back in the days BC id be pinned to a cross But instead I’m writing this rhyme because you gave me a chance So in the words that I write You should know that they came from my heart You opened my eyes despising what I had done Look above and find the strength to carry on…. Hemi’s song verse 2 : 40 Philanthropy New Zealand Conference - 28 March 2007 Hemi’s song verse 2 The stupid things I’ve done in my life Creating enemies that want to bring a lot of strife We’d fight On the streets Is probably where you would see me Drugged out struggling to breath But now im down on my knees With a million apologies Please time freeze wish I could turn back the time Rewind but its all over and done A new era begun The sun has risen And its shining through This song I compose is dedicated to you.

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