Ancient Greek Political Systems and Theories Sarah

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Information about Ancient Greek Political Systems and Theories Sarah
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Published on February 26, 2008

Author: Sridge

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Ancient Greek Political Systems and Theories:  Ancient Greek Political Systems and Theories Sarah Ridge Political Theories:  Political Theories Ideas spread city to city by debating philosophers Audiences were young men looking to be successful Socrates:  Socrates Founder of Western Political Theory Believed happiness did not come from things Ideas passed down though Plato Plato:  Plato Student of Socrates First real political philosopher of the western world Wrote The Republic Aristotle:  Aristotle Brilliant student of Plato’s Wrote many treatises, including Politics Believed in six types of government Ancient Greece:  Ancient Greece Dark Ages of the Ancient Greece:  Dark Ages of the Ancient Greece After the Minoan and Mycenaean Periods 1100 BCE - 800 BCE Declining population and culture Very poor and no trade Anarchy Art of writing lost Mycenaean Writing Rebuilding of Greece after The Dark Ages:  Rebuilding of Greece after The Dark Ages 800 BCE Oligarchy rule New buildings dedicated to the Gods not Kings Expansion and Development:  Expansion and Development Men built and expanded city-states The Phoenician alphabet was developed City-States:  City-States Population grew Trade increased City-states became political units that replaced war-oriented kingdoms Sparta:  Sparta City states made up of: City Surrounding farm lands Villages Largest city-state 3000 square miles City-States:  City-States Polis (city-state) “mini-countries” Open access to law and justice Own Coinage Own System of measurement City-states:  City-states All started out as Monarchies Overthrown by disgruntled citizens Oligarchy:  Oligarchy “Rule by a few” Followed Monarchy rule Had absolute power Some ruled over a council Athens’ Oligarchs:  Athens’ Oligarchs Nine archons divided duties Elected or appointed by lot No written laws Same class - same interests Tyranny:  Tyranny An Aristocrat trying to be in sole power Like a king without hereditary rights Needed support of the people Many tyrants loved by their people Draco:  Draco Athenian Legislature Given authority to codify laws First time laws in writing Severe and harsh “written in blood” “Draconian law” - term still used today Solon:  Solon Reformed Athenian Constitution Main desire Eliminate injustice Establish good order Ancient Greek Courts:  Ancient Greek Courts Court system run by ‘amateurs’ Trials lasted 1 day Two litigants Audience Jury Decided punishment Slide20:  Government varied region to region Most ruled either by Tyrants Oligarchy Slide21:  Small size of city states allowed for experimentation in their political structure In some areas, free male citizens made decisions Peisistratus:  Peisistratus Greek Tyrant who followed Solon Improved Athenian lives Public building programs First welfare program Hippias and Hipparchus:  Hippias and Hipparchus Piesistratus’ sons Took over rule at his death Not well-liked Hipparchus:  Hipparchus Took care of religious matters and the gods Assassinated in 514 BC Hippias:  Hippias Took care of political matters After he survived an assassination attempt, he was exiled in 510 BC Cliesthenes:  Cliesthenes Great statesman Founder of Democracy Best known for reforms to Athenian Constitution Introduced political equality Cliesthenes - Political Equality:  Cliesthenes - Political Equality Eliminated the 4 traditional tribes based on family Reorganized people into 10 tribes based on where they lived Each tribe elected 50 people - formed assembly of 500 Encouraged all citizens to get involved, but he gave his family more power Cliesthenes - Ostracism:  Cliesthenes - Ostracism Introduced ostracism (banishment from the city) From ostrako - a fragment of pottery A vote of 6000 citizens would exile a citizen for 10 years Pericles:  Pericles Brilliant speaker Strong leader Gave People paying jobs Paid assembly members so that commoners could afford to participate in politics Pericles:  Pericles Patron of the arts Masterminded construction of the Parthenon Rebuilt most of the major temples Set up collision course with Sparta Pericles - Democracy:  Pericles - Democracy Democracy developed on majority rule Individuals have a voice through their vote Democracy comes from demokratia demos = common people kratos - rule or strength Ancient Greek Democracy - Who Had the Rights?:  Ancient Greek Democracy - Who Had the Rights? Only citizens could vote Free men, both parents of Athenian descent No women, slaves, children or, metics (people, even Greeks, from other city-states) NO Spread of Democracy:  Spread of Democracy Slowly other city-states began to introduce democracy Democracy was also tried in non-Greek states as well Greek Legacies:  Greek Legacies Center for the: Arts Learning Philosophy Cradle of Western Civilization Birthplace of Democracy Political Greek Legacies:  Political Greek Legacies Trial By Jury:  Trial By Jury When a group of citizens decides if a person is innocent or guilty of a crime Serving on a jury was a citizen’s duty Legacies of Greek Philosophy:  Legacies of Greek Philosophy Socrates and the Socratic Method Plato Aristotle And many others The End:  The End

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