ancient chinagoood

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Information about ancient chinagoood

Published on December 18, 2007

Author: dhuston53


Ancient China:  Ancient China By: Tiffany Els Economy:  Economy Most Commonly Farmed:  Most Commonly Farmed Wheat Rice Trade:  Trade Most trade was west on the silk road to Uzbekistan and Turkistan Other trade went south to India Money:  Money Cowrie shells:  Cowrie shells Shang Dynasty 1800 BCE Paper Money:  Paper Money Sung Dynasty 1100 CE Military:  Military Weapons:  Weapons Made in bronze Shang Dynasty:  Shang Dynasty Strong military system Mobilized large armies Had a large amount of workers that constructed defensive walls and elaborate tombs Law and Courts:  Law and Courts Laws were “declared” by various rulers and officers according to certain circumstances Government:  Government Based on Confucian system Legalists:  Legalists Said that strength was a leader’s greatest virtue, not goodness Daoists:  Daoists Rejected the every day word Said that the best government was one that governed least Dynasty:  Dynasty A ruling family that passes control from one generation to the next Dynasties:  Dynasties Shang Dynasty (1766 BCE - 1040 BCE) Chou Dynasty (1040 BCE - 256 BCE) Ch’in Dynasty (221 BCE - 206 BCE) Han Dynasty (202 BCE - 220 CE) Qing/Manchu (1644 CE - 1911 CE) Religion:  Religion Confusionism:  Confusionism Started by a man named Confucius Born in 551 BCE Grew up to become a politician and philosopher Alive while the Chou dynasty was decaying Confucius:  Confucius Born in 551 BCE Grew up to become a politician and philosopher Alive during while the Chou Dynasty was decaying believed that the decline was occurring because the Chinese had abandoned the traditional ways of thinking and living their lives Buddhism:  Buddhism 500 BCE Slide23:  Buddhism encourages the follower to learn to throw off self-interest through mediation and right living A Buddhist tries to reach Nirvana, or the absence of suffering Siddharta Gautana:  Siddharta Gautana Buddha “The Enlightened One” Taoism:  Taoism Calls the follower to pursue Tao Tao:  Tao Not try to alter nature or force it to do something it was not meant to do Literally means: “The path” “The way” Writing:  Writing Jiaguwen:  Jiaguwen Oracle Bone Script Earliest form of Chinese writing (1500 BCE - 1000 BCE) Characters etched on turtle shells and animal bones Bones used in royal courts “Oracle Bones” Writing Pictographic:  Writing Pictographic Stylized drawings of objects they represented Dazhuan:  Dazhuan Greater Seal 1100 BCE-700 BCE Overlapped with Oracle Bone Script Etched on Bronze vessels Xiozhuan:  Xiozhuan Lesser Seal Much like modern Chinese script Less pictographic than Oracle Bone Not quite as angular as modern Has survived and is still used today for calligraphy and seals Lishu:  Lishu Clerky Script Used during Qin and Han Dynasties Modern:  Modern Kunji Technology:  Technology Chinese Inventions:  Chinese Inventions Gunpowder Paper Compass Silk Printing Calendar Food:  Food Noodles Chopsticks Art:  Art Jade:  Jade Believed to have magical properties Believed to preserve the dead Bronze:  Bronze Vessels used for ritual Pots Bells Mirrors Weapons Silk:  Silk Very specifically made only in China because the Chinese kept their methods to themselves and told nobody else how to make the silk using their techniques Ceramics:  Ceramics Chinese Kilns Shang Dynasty Peek of Ceramics Very high quality Architecture:  Architecture Influences:  Influences Japan Taiwan Vietnam Common Features:  Common Features Horizontal axis Symmetrical Religious Buildings:  Religious Buildings Roofs are supported by brackets Front hall A great hall Rooms for monks and the nuns Homes:  Homes Wooden structures European columns Roofs:  Roofs Curved Believed to ward of evil spirits Spirits believed to be straight lines Shrines:  Shrines In the middle of a building For worshiping deities and ancestors Religious festivals On the sides of the shrines are bedrooms for the elders The Great Wall:  The Great Wall One of China’s best structures The End:  The End

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