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Analyzing Presidents & War Of 1812

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Information about Analyzing Presidents & War Of 1812

Published on February 27, 2008

Author: coach1517

Source: slideshare.net

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America’s Early Presidents Washington, Adams, & Jefferson

#1) George Washington : 1789 -1797 #2) John Adams: 1797 -1801 #3) Thomas Jefferson: 1801 -1809

French Revolution - July 14th, 1789

France Great Britain

Threats to American Neutrality Privateers Edmond Genet British seize American ships

John Jay (pg. 244 & 245)

John Jay (pg. 244 & 245) Thomas Pinckney (pg. 245)

Analysis.... • Great Britain and France threatening American neutrality. • Spain blocking American trade out the Mississippi River. • Conflict in the Northwest Territory. • Whiskey Rebellion

Washington’s Farewell Address • Be wary of permanent foreign ties with other countries. • Be wary of too much public debt. • Political conflicts and disagreements weaken the gov’t Source: Washington’s Presidency

Political Parties & Party Disagreements

First Political Parties (1796) Federalist Party Democrat-Republicans Strong federal gov’t Strong state gov’ts Rule by wealthy class Rule by the people Business people & city Farmers dwellers Emphasize agriculture Emphasize industry, & trade Favor French alliance Favor British alliance Thomas Jefferson John Adams Source: Holt Chp.8/Sec.1 (pg. 267)

1792 Election Results (16 states in the Union) George Washington Virginia Federalist 132 97.8% John Adams Massachusetts Federalist 77 57.0% George Clinton New York Democratic- 50 37.0% Republican Thomas Jefferson Virginia Democratic- 4 3.0% Republican Aaron Burr New York Federalist 1 0.7% Electoral Votes Not --- ----- 6 4.4% Cast Total Number of Electors 132 Total Electoral Votes Cast 264 Number of Votes for a 67 Majority

1792 Election Results

1796 Election Results (16 states in the Union) John Adams Massachusetts Federalist 71 51.4% Thomas Jefferson Virginia Democratic- 68 49.3% Republican Thomas Pinckney South Carolina Federalist 59 42.8% Aaron Burr New York Democratic- 30 21.7% Republican Samuel Adams Massachusetts Federalist 15 10.9% Oliver Ellsworth Connecticut Federalist 11 8.0% George Clinton New York Democratic- 7 5.1% Republican Other - - 15 10.9% Total Number of Electors 138 Total Electoral Votes Cast 276 Number of Votes for a 70 Majority

First Political Parties (1796) Federalist Party Democrat-Republicans Strong federal gov’t Strong state gov’ts Rule by wealthy class Rule by the people Business people & city Farmers dwellers Emphasize agriculture Emphasize industry, & trade Favor French alliance Favor British alliance Thomas Jefferson John Adams Source: Holt Chp.8/Sec.1 (pg. 267)

1796 Election Results

1st Place: President 2nd Place: Vice-President John Adams Thomas Jefferson

IC/OC SEMINAR Analyzing the presidencies of John Adams & Thomas Jefferson

Main Idea #1 • What diplomatic problems did President Adams run into when attempting to improve foreign relations between the United States and France? • How did the President deal with these problems?

Franco-American Alliance of 1778

1796 Election Results

Quasi-American War

Main Idea #2 • How did the Federalists attempt to silence those who opposed going to war with France, and what groups did these attempts most affect?

Alien & Sedition Acts • Naturalization Act: This act required that aliens be residents for 14 years instead of 5 years before they became eligible for U.S. citizenship. (June 18th 1798) • Alien Act: Authorizing the President to deport aliens quot;dangerous to the peace and safety of the United Statesquot; during peacetime. (June 25th 1798) • Alien Enemies Act: This act allowed the wartime arrest, imprisonment and deportation of any alien subject to an enemy power. (July 6th 1798)

Main Idea #3 • What ideas regarding states’ rights did the Kentucky and Virginia Resolutions support?

Kentucky & Virginia Resolutions • Attempt by Jefferson & Madison to challenge the legality of the Alien & Sedition Acts.

Main Idea #4 • What actions did Thomas Jefferson take once he entered office as President? • How did these actions reflect Democratic- Republican views and ideas?

Thomas Jefferson’s Actions Thomas Jefferson Democrat-Republicans Let the Alien & Sedition Acts Strong state gov’ts expire Rule by the people Lowered military spending and reduced the size of the Farmers army. Emphasize agriculture Get rid of domestic taxes. Favor French alliance Thomas Jefferson Source: Holt Chp.8/Sec.1 (pg. 267)

Main Idea #5 • What chain of events led to the Louisiana Purchase? • Why was the Louisiana Purchase important to the future of the U.s.?

http://www.worldbook.com/wb/Students?content_spotlight/lewis_and_clark/pushing_purchase

War of 1812

- Identify how successful were the Embargo Act and the Non-Intercourse Act? - How did this effect the U.S. financially and politically? - Analyze Tecumseh's agenda for Native Americans in the Northwest Territory. Was it achieved? Why or why not? - Describe the views of the opposing sides in the war debate. - What did the War Hawks believe? What did opponents to the war believe? - Identify the immediate and long-term effects of the War of 1812 on America.

A lesson from History? Is there a lesson to be learned, from what happened to the U.S. & President Jefferson? Is relying only on diplomacy enough to settle foreign disputes or is a strong military force needed first?

Main Idea #1 & 2 • Identify how successful were the Embargo Act and the Non-Intercourse Act? • How did this effect the U.S. financially and politically?

Main Idea #3 • Analyze Tecumseh's agenda for Native Americans in the Northwest Territory. Was it achieved? Why or why not?

Battle of Tippecanoe

Main Idea #4 & 5 • Describe the views of the opposing sides in the war debate. • What did the War Hawks believe? What did opponents to the war believe?

Main Idea #6 • Identify the immediate and long-term effects of the War of 1812 on America.

Text Andrew Jackson

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