Analysing Welfare Policy - Lecture 5

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Information about Analysing Welfare Policy - Lecture 5

Published on November 12, 2007

Author: johnhudson

Source: slideshare.net

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Technological Change and Welfare

Technological Change AWP Week 6

Aims To consider the extent to which technological change impacts on government policy and vice-versa To explore claims that we have seen a shift from an ‘industrial society’ to ‘post-industrial society’ or ‘information society’ To analyse the implications of technological change for the welfare state

To consider the extent to which technological change impacts on government policy and vice-versa

To explore claims that we have seen a shift from an ‘industrial society’ to ‘post-industrial society’ or ‘information society’

To analyse the implications of technological change for the welfare state

Re-Cap Macro, Meso, Micro Factors Globalisation Political Economy Work & Labour Markets Information Revolution

Macro, Meso, Micro Factors

Globalisation

Political Economy

Work & Labour Markets

Information Revolution

Information is the key to the modern age. The new age of information offers possibilities for the future limited only by the boundaries of our imaginations. The potential of the new electronic networks is breathtaking – the prospect of change as widespread and fundamental as the agricultural and industrial revolutions of earlier eras. Tony Blair

Information is the key to the modern age. The new age of information offers possibilities for the future limited only by the boundaries of our imaginations. The potential of the new electronic networks is breathtaking – the prospect of change as widespread and fundamental as the agricultural and industrial revolutions of earlier eras.

Tony Blair

This [information] revolution adds huge new capacities to human intelligence and constitutes a resource which changes the way we work together and the way we live together Bangemann Report (1995)

This [information] revolution adds huge new capacities to human intelligence and constitutes a resource which changes the way we work together and the way we live together

Bangemann Report (1995)

The world is undergoing a technological revolution and entering the age of the Information Society. [...] The potential technological, economic, and social upheavals resulting from the information revolution could be of the same order of magnitude as those arising from the shift away from an agricultural to an industrial economy House of Lords Science and Technology Select Committee (1996)

The world is undergoing a technological revolution and entering the age of the Information Society. [...] The potential technological, economic, and social upheavals resulting from the information revolution could be of the same order of magnitude as those arising from the shift away from an agricultural to an industrial economy

House of Lords Science and Technology Select Committee (1996)

Long Roots of the Info Society Machlup (62), Touraine (69), Bell (74) Bell - post-industrial/information society: ‘ a revolution in the organisation and processing of information and knowledge, in which the computer plays a central role’ ‘ an extraordinary transformation, perhaps even greater in its impact than the industrial revolution of the previous century’

Machlup (62), Touraine (69), Bell (74)

Bell - post-industrial/information society:

‘ a revolution in the organisation and processing of information and knowledge, in which the computer plays a central role’

‘ an extraordinary transformation, perhaps even greater in its impact than the industrial revolution of the previous century’

 

 

Beyond Bell Toffler: Third Wave L’Informatisation D’ Société Pre- Micro-Computer May, Angell, Negopontre, Virilio Castells

Toffler: Third Wave

L’Informatisation D’ Société

Pre- Micro-Computer

May, Angell, Negopontre, Virilio

Castells

Network Society ‘ the transformation of our ‘material culture’ by the works of a new technological paradigm organized around information technologies’ ‘ the vast majority of societies are affected in a fundamental way by these transformations’ ‘ a new type of social structure that I call the network society ‘

‘ the transformation of our ‘material culture’ by the works of a new technological paradigm organized around information technologies’

‘ the vast majority of societies are affected in a fundamental way by these transformations’

‘ a new type of social structure that I call the network society ‘

Network Society Economy global informational network enterprise Labour market flexible programmable labour polarisation Media fragmented fast paced bite sized Politics & State messages/symbols state as network hollowed out

Economy

global

informational

network enterprise

Labour market

flexible

programmable labour

polarisation

Media

fragmented

fast paced

bite sized

Politics & State

messages/symbols

state as network

hollowed out

Network Society Two forces: ICTs (Informational) Networks Timeless Time Space of Flows

Two forces:

ICTs

(Informational) Networks

Timeless Time

Space of Flows

Welfare and the Network Society Digital Divide : Universal Access by 2005 PAT Computers Within Reach, Wired Up Communities Increasing divide Multiple dimensions

Digital Divide :

Universal Access by 2005

PAT

Computers Within Reach, Wired Up Communities

Increasing divide

Multiple dimensions

Welfare and the Network Society Information Age Government : 100% services on-line 2005 (integrated) multi-channel (joined-up) multi-provider 24-7, any time, any place citizen centric timeless time diminished place of space Curthoys: reinvigorate as network services

Information Age Government :

100% services on-line 2005

(integrated) multi-channel

(joined-up) multi-provider

24-7, any time, any place

citizen centric

timeless time

diminished place of space

Curthoys: reinvigorate as network services

Welfare and the Network Society Economy : ‘lousy’ and ‘lovely’ jobs skill-biased technological change links to rising income inequality running to stand still?

Economy :

‘lousy’ and ‘lovely’ jobs

skill-biased technological change

links to rising income inequality

running to stand still?

Welfare and the Network Society Political Economy of Welfare : Connections with Third Way Repositioning of welfare Giddens: Third Way promotes modernisation and reform to ‘meet the demands of globalising information order’ .

Political Economy of Welfare :

Connections with Third Way

Repositioning of welfare

Giddens:

Third Way promotes modernisation and reform to ‘meet the demands of globalising information order’ .

Welfare and the Network Society Blair: Beveridge, like most of his contemporaries, was committed to full employment, delivered by Keynesian demand management. The assumption of enduring full employment held good during the 1940s and 1950s… [but] began to come apart as early as the 1970s… Today the assumption has completely broken down. Globalisation has placed a premium on workers with the skills and knowledge to adapt to advancing technology

Blair:

Beveridge, like most of his contemporaries, was committed to full employment, delivered by Keynesian demand management. The assumption of enduring full employment held good during the 1940s and 1950s… [but] began to come apart as early as the 1970s… Today the assumption has completely broken down. Globalisation has placed a premium on workers with the skills and knowledge to adapt to advancing technology

Welfare and the Network Society Giddens – Third Way: looks to develop a wide-ranging supply-side policy, which seeks to reconcile economic growth mechanisms with structural reform of the welfare state [because] in the information economy, human (and social) capital becomes central to economic success

Giddens – Third Way:

looks to develop a wide-ranging supply-side policy, which seeks to reconcile economic growth mechanisms with structural reform of the welfare state [because] in the information economy, human (and social) capital becomes central to economic success

Welfare and the Network Society e-galitarianism: social democracy modernised for the information age fragmented (broken?) variation diminished, reduced vision gives due prominence to notion of information society

e-galitarianism:

social democracy modernised for the information age

fragmented (broken?) variation

diminished, reduced vision

gives due prominence to notion of information society

Competing Visions ‘ the paths and outcomes of this transformation are extraordinarily diverse […] there is no one model of information society’ (Castells & Himanen, 2002)

‘ the paths and outcomes of this transformation are extraordinarily diverse […] there is no one model of information society’

(Castells & Himanen, 2002)

Competing Visions     USA Finland GDP per Capita (PPP - 2000) (OECD Avg: US$23,178) US$35,619 US$25,240 Public & Social Spending (% GDP – 1998) (OECD Avg: 20.8) 14.6 26.5 Gini Index (mid-1990s) 34.4 22.8 Scientists & Engineers in R&D (per 1,000,000 - 1998) (OECD Avg: 3,305) 4,099 5,059 Prisoners (per 100,000 - 2000) (OECD Avg: 94.45) 468.49 49.55 Poverty (< 50% Median Income - mid-1990s) 17% 4.9% Mobile Phone Subscribers (per 1,000 – 2001) (OECD Avg: 605) 451 804 Key High-Tech Company Microsoft Nokia sources: www.sourceoecd.org; www.undp.org

Competing Visions Finland: welfare-high tech economy link Informational welfare state heavy investment in education generous unemployment benefits state encourages technological innovation state encourages take up of technologies search for ICT driven efficiencies

Finland: welfare-high tech economy link

Informational welfare state

heavy investment in education

generous unemployment benefits

state encourages technological innovation

state encourages take up of technologies

search for ICT driven efficiencies

Conclusions ‘ technology and technological change have not featured prominently as a focus for direct attention in the range of explanatory models for the welfare state which have emerged’ (Uttley)

‘ technology and technological change have not featured prominently as a focus for direct attention in the range of explanatory models for the welfare state which have emerged’

(Uttley)

Technology: Master or Servant? Technological Determinism autonomous technology soft determinism social construction of technology actor-network theory

Technological Determinism

autonomous technology

soft determinism

social construction of technology

actor-network theory

--END--

Govt Services Today Department Agency Local Authority Department Agency Local Authority Department Agency Local Authority Unjoined Back Office Physical Channel Physical Channel Physical Channel Separate, Physical, Govt Service Producer Driven Service Delivery

Info Age Govt Services Department Agency Local Authority Department Agency Local Authority Department Agency Local Authority Joined Up Back Office Web Enabled Physical Government Channel Multiple Channel Mixed Economy Delivery Citizen Focused Service Delivery Government Gateway E-government Service Private & Voluntary Sector Value Added Service

degree = 14.97% degree = 30.99%

sci = 15.45% sci = 25.57%

 

 

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