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An2F03 IGweek09

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Information about An2F03 IGweek09
Education

Published on February 12, 2008

Author: Tibald

Source: authorstream.com

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Anthro 2: week 09: Oct 21-23, 2003: technology and artifacts:  Anthro 2: week 09: Oct 21-23, 2003: technology and artifacts Definitions of Technology Technology by Material Category: stone, ceramics,metal Technology by Functional Category: building, tools Pyrotechnology” the use of fire: ovens and kilns Analysis of Use-life and life-history of materials How archaeologists use the information about technology and production 114-115, 120-124, 182-188, 311-313, 319-321, 323-328, 336-339 22-25, 47-50, 56-57, Ch 6 Definitions of Technology:  Definitions of Technology Traditional - how artifacts were made and used materials made into tools knowledge about “history of technology” Broader - How do humans relate to the material world? Includes, in addition to tools and weapons, architecture (built environment) and living material world (animals and plants, food, hunting technology) Includes, in addition to making tools, procuring materials, using and exchanging materials (use-life) Even broader - the social relations involved in the exploitation of materials (social relations of production) Post-modern - The meaning of material culture - materiality Human Evolution =/~ Technological Evolution? Technology by Material Category:  Technology by Material Category Unaltered materials Stone, Rock, Lithics 1: Microcrystalline rocks:  Unaltered materials Stone, Rock, Lithics 1: Microcrystalline rocks Olorgesaillie,East Africa: H. Erectus 1 million years ago made these hand axes 319-326, skip 324-325 Look for Flint mines Re-fitting Microwear Want to know more about lithic analysis? Stone, Rock, Lithics: 2 Macrocrystalline rocks:  Stone, Rock, Lithics: 2 Macrocrystalline rocks Grindstones: Tassili, N Africa, 4000 BC Edge tools, (axes, hoes) using a replica of a N. European Neolithic axe 315-319 Unaltered materials Bone and Antler:  Unaltered materials Bone and Antler Negev desert, Israel, 9000 BP 327-329 Other unaltered materials:  Other unaltered materials Wood: Oetzi’s arrows, Italy 3300 BC Tollund Man, Denmark (leather hat) 200 AD Opovo, vitrified linen, 6000 BP Oetzi’s reed dagger sheath 329-334, skip 330-332 Pyrotechnology: the key to Synthetic materials:  Pyrotechnology: the key to Synthetic materials Opovo single chamber bread oven, 4000 BC and reconstruction 335-336 Firing pottery in a hearth Opovo: replica of a double chamber kiln for ceramics How to make fire and bake bread) Synthetic materials: Ceramics and other clay objects:  Synthetic materials: Ceramics and other clay objects Ceramic figurines from Ain Ghazal, Jordan. 9000 BP Some of the world’s earliest pottery, Jomon culture 336-339 Ceramics from Bulgaria, 4000-3500 BC show evidence of complex firing Synthetic materials: Metals:  Synthetic materials: Metals Copper and bronze from the Kas shipwreck, Turkey, 1350 BC 339-350, skip 341, skim 344-345,skip 348 Iron sword with gold-plated handle, Denmark 500 AD Bronze and gold cart model from Trundholm,Denmark 900 BC Most uses of materials are complex:  Most uses of materials are complex How many different materials are used on this Aztec dagger from Mexico? Technology by Functional Category:  Technology by Functional Category Architecture/Shelter Hunting technology Portage transport Farming technology An unexpected Functional Category of technology:  An unexpected Functional Category of technology Body Decoration and Display Oetzi’s tattoos, 3500 BC 64-67, 445 New Archaeology and the Use-life of Things:  New Archaeology and the Use-life of Things Procurement Manufacture or preparation Use or Consumption Prolong the use-life Discard 54-55, 373-377 (skip 374-375), 488-489 119-128 Classic Marxist Materialism:  Classic Marxist Materialism Forces/Means of Production: population, skills, arts, resources, techniques, and artifacts Social Relations of Production: social arrangements that direct the forces of production and allocate its output Who does the work? Who owns the raw materials and tools? Who owns/controls the labor? Who uses/consumes the product? Who profits from its distribution? The institutions of power and hierarchy embodied in social groups (classes) 472-473, 488-489 119-128 The Meaning of Material Culture The Post-Processual Idea :  The Meaning of Material Culture The Post-Processual Idea Tutankhamun’s tomb, 1400 BC Potlach, British Columbia 1850 AD 336-339 137-142 The Meaning of Material Culture The Post-Processual Idea :  The Meaning of Material Culture The Post-Processual Idea 114-115, 120-124, 182-188, 311-313, 319-321, 323-328, 336-339 22-25, 47-50, 56-57, Ch 6 Mycenae, 1500 BC Two different gates - or are they? The Case of the Yir Yaront:  The Case of the Yir Yaront

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