Published on March 3, 2014
Narrative Structures Narrative structure for Moving Image texts
Narrative Vs. Story? Story The sequence of events that the character(s) go through. Narrative The way in which the events are presented to an audience. Important events are deliberately displayed or hidden from the characters
Example – Murder Mystery STORY a) b) c) d) Crime Conceived Crime Planned Crime Committed Crime Discovered e) NARRATIVE f) Detective Investigates Detective Reveals a, b, and c
The story of a night out…? 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. 11. Got ready at home Left home to walk to a friends house Hung out with some friends listening to music Ordered a takeout pizza on the phone Ate some pizza Walked to the bus stop and got the bus into town Went to a bar Had a few drinks Waited at the bar for half an hour to get served Left and went home Felt really sick and passed out
The narrative of a night out 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. 11. Got ready at home Left home to walk to a friends house Hung out with some friends listening to music Ordered a takeout pizza on the phone Ate some pizza Walked to the bus stop and got the bus into town Went to a bar Had a few drinks Waited at the bar for half an hour to get served Left and went home Felt really sick and passed out
Narrative devices (time) Device Purpose Flash Back/Forward To fill in the gaps from a story Dream Sequence Offers the audience an alternative sequence of events Repetition Allow the audience to watch the event again in order to spot new information
Narrative devices (story) Device Purpose Foreshadowing To give an audience a hint of something that is yet to come (builds tension) Exposition Explains part of the plot to the audience Red Herring A false clue to give the audience the wrong idea
Some examples • Exposition in Inception • Exposition in Inception (2) • Blatant Exposition in Wayne's World • Exposition / Flashbacks in The Incredibles
Todorov Theory (Bulgarian Literary Theorist) Equilibrium Disruption Resolution • The equilibrium within a story can exist before the narrative properly starts…
Narrative Codes • Enigma codes – any question that is posed to the audience • Action codes – any action that drives the narrative forwards
Examples of narrative codes Action Codes Enigma Codes A phone ringing A knock at the door A police siren A gunshot An interruption A news report Unidentified people An unidentified location Lack of exposition Any question that is posed to be answered later
Binary Oppositions • Claude Levi Strauss suggested that all narratives were driven forward by conflict that was caused by a series of opposing forces. • When two characters had different intentions / desires then the conflict between them moved the story/narrative forward.
Binary Opposites Try and think of as many binary opposites that exist within society
Binary Opposites Inside / Outside Hero / Villain West / East Man / Animal Protect / Threaten Peace / War Innocent / Guilty Truth / Lies Retain / Lose First world / Third world Good/Evil Strong / Weak Democracy / Dictatorship Beautiful / Ugly Allow / Prohibit Wisdom / Ignorance Action / Inaction Domestic / Foreign Love / Hate Love / Lust
An (obvious) example Good / Light / Stability / Justice / Business / Logic Evil / Dark / Chaos / Insanity / Crime / Anarchy
Summary • Action and Enigma codes are used to keep the audience engaged in a text. • Conflict through binary opposition drives narratives forwards
AS Media Studies - MS1 (Exam): a Summary . ... • genre conventions • narrative construction • technical codes such as camerawork, lighting, ...
... the basic plan for Term 1 is to start with an introduction to Media Studies and ... MS1 exam is about representation ... conventions; Narrative ...
Contents How to use this book ... An introduction to MS1 7 Textual Analysis Toolkit ... want to ! nd out more about the character and the narrative. Key ...
Transcript of MS1: Key Areas of the Exam. ... Genre Conventions: ... as the narrative is about aliens attacking Earth.
MS1: Media Representations and Responses (50%) – 2 ½ hour exam. MS2: Media Production Processes (50%) – Internal Assessment (Magazine Production) ...
Copy of MS1: Key Areas of the Exam. No description by Lauren Geary on 14 April 2013 Tweet. Comments (0) ... Genre Conventions: What is the genre?