An Era of Change: the Progressive Era [Part 1]

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Information about An Era of Change: the Progressive Era [Part 1]
Education

Published on March 8, 2014

Author: mshomakerteach

Source: slideshare.net

Description

Moral looseness, prohibition, gin joints, moonshiners, jazz, Protestantism, Aimee Semple McPherson, flappers, Theodore Rex, reform...what's not to love? This presentation was given to Mr. Shomaker's American History classes over a little time called the Progressive Era.

CHANGE! Progressive Era 1900-1920

Essential Questions 8.1 Identify areas effected by reforms. 8.3 How did the role of government change during the Progressive Era?

CHANGE! Progressive Era 1900-1920

EXCESS

CLASSISM

CHANGE!

What is Progressivism? <a belief> 1. American Society was capable of improvement & continued growth and advancement...

What is Progressivism? <a belief> 2. Progress would only occur through human intervention to solve problems

AMERICANS EXPECTED A growing emphasis on expertise & professionalism in all aspects of society.

REFORMERS WANTED TO: Build a better society

REFORMERS WANTED TO: Spread the Social Gospel

REFORMERS WANTED TO: Get the Facts & then some.

WHAT WERE PROGRESSIVE MOVEMENTS? Business Political Women’s Rights Temperance Immigration ?

What is a Reform? any structured change in appearance or operation of a person, place, thing, or idea

1893

WHAT WERE PROGRESSIVE MOVEMENTS? Business ?

“One sees his future unless good government retakes the ship.”

Consumer protection laws

WHAT WERE PROGRESSIVE MOVEMENTS? Business Political ?

Municipal State National/Maverick

Municipal

State

Bribery was used to quiet city officials and whistleblowers who might challenge the monopolization of local industries.

City Commissioner plan: 1900

Based on principles of scientific management successful in the business sector of American society.

City Manager plan

TWO KEY GOALS: 1. Restore sovereignty to the people 2. Create a virtuous electorate

TWO KEY GOALS: 1. Restore sovereignty to the people

Like a boss (tweed)

Progressive Politics Was all about giving the POWER TO THE PEOPLE

US Senate added 17th Amendment in 1912 for direct election of senators.

TWO KEY GOALS: 1. Restore sovereignty to the people 2. Create a virtuous electorate

National/Maverick

THEODORE REX

1900 Democrat Bryan vs. Republican McKinley

“No republic can permanently exist when it becomes a republic of classes.” -Theodore Roosevelt

Limit power of trusts Promote public safety Promote public health Improve working conditions “Square Deal”

“Good Trusts” Those which can be controlled and benefit the government. Those with power exceeding the reach of government. “Bad Trusts”

“New Freedom”

Tariff reduction Banking reform Laws benefitting wage earners & farmers Anti-Trust legislation

[In the early 20th century] socialism stood for the transfer of control over big businesses from the capitalists who owned them to the laboring masses who worked them.

1901: Socialist Party of America founded and influenced Progressivism.

By 1912 the Socialist Party had 115,000 members, 1,200 held elected office, and 300+ newspapers spread the movement’s beliefs.

Eugene Debs Mainstream Socialists more respectful of political, cultural, and religious traditions.

“Gas & Water” Socialists Evolutionary Socialists that wanted to get away from revolution and focus on social services.

Why did socialism become popular?

WHAT WERE PROGRESSIVE MOVEMENTS? Business Political Women’s Rights Temperance Immigration ?

Suffrage-the legal ability to vote <Suffrage> <Birth Control> <“New Woman”>

STYLISH

ADVENTUROUS

INDEPENDENT

CAREER-MINDED

WHAT WERE PROGRESSIVE MOVEMENTS? Business Political Women’s Rights Temperance Immigration ?

WHY?

The 18th Amendment prohibited alcohol’s production, sale, and consumption.

WHAT WERE PROGRESSIVE MOVEMENTS? Business Political Women’s Rights Temperance Immigration ?

WHY?

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