America's Expansion Years: Immigration

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Information about America's Expansion Years: Immigration
Education

Published on October 11, 2008

Author: kjkiki

Source: authorstream.com

Slide 1: America’s Streets are paved with GOLD Immigration Homestead Immigrants from Asia See for Yourself Requirements ESSAY RUBRIC Slide 2: Explain why immigrants left their homelands and came to America. Understand the causes and effects of mass immigration in major cities. Be able to compare and contrast the immigrants’ experience based on the ethnicity and location they immigrated to. Lesson Objectives Slide 3: Coming to America Based simply by appearance, what kind of lifestyle do you suspect this family fled from? Slide 4: THE IMMIGRANT EXPERIENCE Based simply by appearance, what kind of lifestyle do you suspect this family fled from? What part of world did they emigrate? Slide 5: Why were they coming to America? Fleeing crop failure, shortage of land and jobs, rising taxes, and famine. They were also escaping religious or political persecution. THE IMMIGRANT EXPERIENCE Slide 6: In 1860, the resident population was 31.5 million people. Between 1865 and 1920, the U.S. population increased by an additional 30 million people. They were dreaming of wealth and/or land. The Homestead Act: Offered 160 public acres of land to anyone who met the following requirements: Immigrants Hopes and Dreams Slide 7: 1. 21 years of age or the head of a household 2. American citizens or immigrants who have applied for citizenship 3. $10 application fee 4. Had to build a house and live in it for 6 months of the year 5. Had to farm the land for 5 consecutive years before they could claim it The Homestead Act of 1862 Slide 8: By 1900, individual homestead families had filed 600,000 claims for more than 80 million acres. The cost to make a homestead livable could reach $1,000 Far beyond the reach of immigrants. The Homestead Act of 1862 Activity and Info on the Homestead Act CLICK HERE 4 DIRECTIONS Sunshine 1 : Sunshine 1 Why were immigrants coming to America? What was the population in 1860 in America? What was it by 1920? Explain the impact of the Homestead Act. Did it benefit all immigrants? Slide 10: Crossing the Oceans Click Here Slide 11: In the late 1800s it took 2 to 3 weeks to cross the ocean. By 1900, it could be crossed in a week. By powerful steam ships The journey was difficult. Cabin vs. steerage Toilets, privacy, and poor food Yet it was relatively cheap Crossing the Ocean Slide 12: Where a person came from, however, made a difference in their ride. Immigrants from Japan vs. from China Crossing the Ocean Slide 13: The number and origins of the immigrants is not precise. Misunderstood origins—few records of where they came from “Birds of Passage” Historians believe that 10 million immigrants arrived between 1865-90. Arriving to America Slide 14: 2.5 million from Germany 1.8 million from Great Britain 1.4 million from Ireland Arriving to America Slide 15: Shift in immigration in 1890s Southern and Eastern Europe Middle East Between 1890 and 1920, 10 million more immigrants arrived: Italians (3.8 m), Greeks, Slavs, Eastern Europeans, Russians (3 m), Jews, and Armenians arrived in America. Arriving to America Slide 16: Thus, the (1881) Superintendent of Immigration determined who was and was not fit to live in America Immigrants entered through several ports: Arriving in America Slide 17: Europeans Boston Philadelphia Baltimore Asians Seattle San Francisco Yet, 70% of immigrants came through New York “The Golden Door” Arriving to America Sunshine 2 : Sunshine 2 Discuss the challenges that immigrants faced as they crossed the oceans. Describe the numbers and locations of the immigrants What was the “Golden Door”? :  In 1892, the Federal Govt. opened a huge reception center for steerage passengers on Ellis Island in New York Harbor Near the Statue of Liberty Immigrants from Europe Where Immigrants Settled : Where Immigrants Settled Previously settled homes New York Boston Cleveland Mining towns of the West Familiar cultural communities Sunshine 4 : Sunshine 4 What was it like for immigrants as they rounded the corner into New York’s harbor? What could you imagine was going through their minds after leaving their homeland and traveling across the ocean? Explain the role that Ellis Island played for America and to the immigrants. Did every immigrant find their way past the island and into the streets paved with gold? Slide 24: European Immigration 1870-1920 Sunshine 5 : Sunshine 5 Theorize what you can learn about the flow of immigration from other countries and how this flow could affect America. Slide 26: West coast ports Angel Island, San Fran. Mostly Japanese Different in culture Not as easily accepted--hostility Immigrants from Asia Click Slide 27: Mid-1800s, 1/4 million Chinese worked on the railroad. More than 12,000 helped build the transcontinental railroad, completed in 1869 Working was used as a means to pay off their passage They worked in many occupations They were taken advantage of Low paying jobs 14 hours a day, 6 days a week Still were disliked by the white society Lived in Chinatowns Chinese Excluded Slide 28: They were victims of racism They made enemies of unions Worked for low wages Appearance, dress, food, and cultural beliefs Americans said they were not worthy of being Americans Believed they were mentally and physically inferior Why did Chinese immigrants face hostility? Chinese Excluded : Chinese Excluded Chinese Exclusion Act (1882) Demands made by the unions Forbid Chinese laborers from entering the country Except those having previously established residency or family already here Repealed in 1943 Chinese, Jews come west Slide 30: Many came from Hawaii 1898, US obtained Hawaii Japanese aimed to find a better life in America 1906, San Fran. School board ruled that Asians should attend separate schools Segregation Violated an 1894 treaty with Japan Denying them the right to enter freely Japanese Restricted Slide 31: Caused an international incident President T. Roosevelt made a compromise: The Gentleman's Agreement Ended school segregation Japan stopped issuing passports to laborers In 1913, Webb Alien Land Law Japanese Restricted Slide 32: In 1902, Newland National Reclamation Act 100,000 Mexicans headed north (1900-1910) Variety of situations/events increased flow of immigrants to the north: Mexican Revolution WWI 1921 Immigration Restriction Act By 1925, LA had largest Spanish-speaking population in America Immigrants from Mexico Sunshine 6 : Sunshine 6 Why did the immigrants of the west coast experience more severe discrimination than the immigrants of the east coast? Briefly explain the cause and effects of the Chinese Exclusion Act, Gentleman's Agreement, Webb Alien Land Law, and Immigration Restriction Act. Slide 34: Group Discussion Questions Does America have problems of over population with immigration today? Has America treated immigrants unfairly in recent years? Do you foresee an increase or decrease in the rate of immigration to America in the future? Today Slide 35: Thank you for your hard work and effort!!!! Click just for fun Works Cited : Works Cited http://www.historychannel.com http://www.gatorcountry.com/ http://home.online.no/~kanda/statue.htm http://images.google.com/images?q=statue+of+liberty&btnG=Google+Search&hl=en&ie=UTF8&oe=UTF8 http://www.pbs.org/liberty/libertytoday/ http://www.libertyhaven.com/theoreticalorphilosophicalissues/history/internment.html http://www.campus.ccsd.k12.co.us/ss/SONY/Immbeta2/21-1964.htm

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