America in World War II

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Information about America in World War II

Published on January 4, 2008

Author: Arundel0


America in World War II:  America in World War II 1941-1945 The Allies Trade Space for Time :  The Allies Trade Space for Time After the bombing of Pearl Harbor, America instantly went from isolationism to kick some a$$. FDR however went with the beat Germany first plan. (WHY?) America had to mobilize quickly and on two fronts. What was goal of WWII? The Shock of War :  The Shock of War America was united completely (just like after 9/11) Japanese internment camps (WHY?, Modern day equivalents?) WWII ended many of the New Deal programs: The WPA, The CCC (WHY?) Building the War Machine :  Building the War Machine Massive military orders (over $100 billion in 1942 alone) ended the Great Depression by creating demand for jobs and production. The War Production Board halted manufacture of nonessential items such as passenger cars, and when the Japanese seized vital rubber supplies in British Malaya and the Dutch East Indies, the U.S. imposed a national speed limit and gasoline rationing to save tires. (How does that effect us today?, Gasoline saving?) Unions and strikes, Unions were in power position. Manpower and Womanpower :  Manpower and Womanpower Women, WAC’s, WAVE’s (216,000 women in the army) What did women do? Bracero Program (What is it? Contemporary?) “Rosie the Riveter” (what effects today?) Wartime Migrations :  Wartime Migrations F.D.R. used the war as an excuse to pump lots of money into the stagnant South to revitalize it, helping to start the blossoming of the “Sunbelt.” (HOW?) Fair Employment Practices Commission (what is its purpose?, did it work?) Mechanical Cotton Picker (What? Why?) “Code Talkers” (What? Why?) Holding the Home Front:  Holding the Home Front America was only country to profit from the war. (How? What effect does this have on world?) It was the plethora of spending during WWII that lifted America from its Great Depression. National deficit (1941- 49 Billion, 1945 – 259 billion) What does this mean? The Rising Sun in the Pacific :  The Rising Sun in the Pacific The Japanese overran the lands that they descended upon, winning more land with less losses than ever before and conquering Guam, Wake, the Philippines, Hong Kong, British Malaya, Burma Bataan death march (what is it?) Japans High Tide at Midway :  Japans High Tide at Midway Battle at Midway, June 3-6, 1942 This American victory marked the turning point in the war in the Pacific. “island hopping”, (What is it?) American Leapfrogging Toward Tokyo:  American Leapfrogging Toward Tokyo Americans won at Guadalcanal in August 1942 The assault on the Marianas (including Guam) began on June 19, 1944, and with superior planes such as the “Hellcat” fighter jet and a U.S. victory the next day in the Battle of the Philippine Sea, the U.S. rolled on, taking the islands and beginning around-the-clock bombing raids over Tokyo and other parts of mainland Japan. What changes allowed US to start winning the battle versus Japan? The Allied Halting of Hitler :  The Allied Halting of Hitler The U.S. also at first had trouble against Germany, as its U-boats proved very effective, but the breaking of the Germans’ “enigma” code helped pinpoint those subs better. (Enigma?) Fighting in Egypt? On the Soviet front, the Russians launched a new, blistering counteroffensive, regaining about 2/3 of the land they had lost before a year later. (What effect would this have on war?) The North African Second Front :  The North African Second Front The Soviets had begged the Allie to open up a second front against Hitler, since Soviet forces were dying by the millions (20 million by war’s end), and the Americans were eager to comply (Why would some be hesitant?) The Rough Road to Rome :  The Rough Road to Rome At the Casablanca Conference, Franklin Roosevelt and Winston Churchill met and agreed on the term of “unconditional surrender.” (Why?) The Allies found bitter resistance in Italy, as Sicily fell in August 1943 after bitter resistance. (why is this important?) The Allies finally took Rome on June 4, 1944, and it wasn’t until May 2, 1945, that Axis troops in Italy finally surrendered. What were the multifaceted successes of the Italian campaign? Eisenhower’s D-Day Invasion of France :  Eisenhower’s D-Day Invasion of France Tehran Conference and the Big Three (Who are the Big 3, and Tehran?) The place to take was French Normandy, and on June 6, 1944, D-Day began, and after heavy resistance, Allied troops, some led by General George S. Patton, finally clawed their way onto land, across the jungle, and deeper into France. Paris Freed by August (Importance?) FDR: The Fourth-Termite of 1944 :  FDR: The Fourth-Termite of 1944 Republicans nominated Thomas E. Dewey, a young, liberal governor of New York, and paired him with isolationist John W. Bricker of Ohio. FDR was the Democratic lock, but because of his age, the vice presidential candidate was carefully chosen to be Harry S. Truman, who won over Henry A. Wallace—an ill-balanced and unpredictable liberal. Why did FDR win? The Last Days of Hitler :  The Last Days of Hitler March 1945, the Americans reached the Rhine River of Germany, and then pushed toward the river Elbe, and from there, joining Soviet troops, they marched toward Berlin. Upon entering Germany, the Allies were horrified to find the concentration camps where millions of Jews and other undesirables had been slaughtered in genocide. Hitler commits suicide April 30, 1945 FDR dies April 12, 1945 (Implications?) Japan Dies Hard :  Japan Dies Hard American submarines were ruining Japans fleet How was Pacific War different? Iwo Jima and Okinawa Japanese “kamikaze” pilots, for the sake of their god-emperor, sank many ships. Atomic Awfulness :  Atomic Awfulness At the Potsdam Conference, the Allies issued an ultimatum: surrender or be destroyed. Americans dropped A-bombs onto Hiroshima (on August 6, 1945), killing 180,000 and Nagasaki (on August 9, 1945), killing 80,000. (Did America have to?) The formal end came on September 2, 1945, on the battleship Missouri. The Atomic Bomb .:  The Atomic Bomb . The Allies Triumphant :  The Allies Triumphant America suffered 1 million casualties, but the number killed by disease and infections was very low, thanks to new miracle drugs like penicillin, but otherwise had suffered little losses This was America’s best-fought war (How and Why?)

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