Alternative models of the body: Opening science to cross-cultural dialogue

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Information about Alternative models of the body: Opening science to cross-cultural dialogue

Published on November 4, 2016

Author: neiltheise

Source: slideshare.net

1. Alternate Models of the Body: Opening Science to Cross-Cultural Dialogue Alternate Models of the Body: Opening Science to Cross-Cultural Dialogue Neil Theise, MD Departments of Pathology and Medicine (Digestive Diseases) Mount Sinai Beth Israel Medical Center New York City Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai

2. neiltheise.com neiltheise.wordpress.com

3. Beyond Cell Doctrine Complexity Theory Informs Alternate Models of the Body for Cross-Cultural Dialogue Theise ND. Ann N Y Acad Sci. 2009; 1172: 263-9.

4. Mechanisms of Yogic Practices in Health, Aging, and Disease Kuntsevich V, Bushcell WC, Theise ND. Mount Sinai J Med. 2010; 77: 559–569. From the global to the local: possible pathways for the transduction of Indo-Sino-Tibetan cognitive-behavioral practices into site-specific, tissue-regenerative effects. Bushell WC, Spector NH, Theise ND. Ann N Y Acad Sci. 2009; 1172: 74-87 Toward a unified field of study: longevity, regeneration, and protection of health through meditation and related practices. Bushell WC, Theise ND. Ann N Y Acad Sci. 2009; 1172: 5-19

5. neiltheise.com neiltheise.wordpress.com also: Researchgate, Academia.edu

6.  Cross Cultural Views of Bodies  A Complexity Primer  The Universe as Complex System  Biofields and Boundaries

7.  Cross Cultural Views of Bodies  A Complexity Primer  The Universe as Complex System  Biofields and Boundaries

8.  Cross Cultural Views of Bodies  “Western” Biology and Medicine

9.  Cross Cultural Views of Bodies  “Western” Biology and Medicine = “Cell Doctrine”

10.  Cross Cultural Views of Bodies  “Western” Biology and Medicine = “Cell Doctrine”  Non-”Western” traditions

11.  Cross Cultural Views of Bodies  “Western” Biology and Medicine = “Cell Doctrine”  Non-”Western” traditions …”nested” bodies

12.  Cross Cultural Views of Bodies  A Complexity Primer  The Universe as Complex System  Biofields and Boundaries

13. Complex Adaptive Systems: 1Lewin R, Complexity: Life at the Edge of Chaos. 2nd ed. Chicago IL: University of Chicago Press; 2002. 2Johnson S, Emergence. New York NY: Scribner; 2001. 1,2

14. Complex Adaptive Systems: Interacting individuals that, if they fulfill 4 criteria, organize themselves from the bottom up, into larger structures, which appear planned from the top, downward…

15. Complex Adaptive Systems: Interacting individuals that, if they fulfill 4 criteria, organize themselves from the bottom up, into larger structures, which appear planned from the top, downward…

16. Complex Adaptive Systems: Interacting individuals that, if they fulfill 4 criteria, organize themselves from the bottom up, into larger structures, which appear planned from the top, downward… BUT ARE NOT!

17. Complex Adaptive Systems: Interacting individuals that, if they fulfill 4 criteria, organize themselves from the bottom up, into larger structures, which appear planned from the top, downward… These structures are referred to as “emergent self-organization” and are ADAPTIVE.

18. Complex Adaptive Systems: • Numbers matter

19. Complex Adaptive Systems: • Numbers matter • Negative feedback loops

20. Complex Adaptive Systems: • Numbers matter • Negative feedback loops • Interactions are local without global sensing

21. Complex Adaptive Systems: • Numbers matter • Negative feedback loops • Interactions are local without global sensing • Low level randomness

22. Complex Adaptive Systems: • Numbers matter • Negative feedback loops • Interactions are local without global sensing • “Quenched disorder”

23. 1Theise ND. Exp Hematology 2003 2D’Inverno M, Theise ND. BCMD 2004 3D’Inverno M, Theise ND, Prophet J. In: Potten C, Wilson J, Clarke R, Renahan A: Tissue stem cells: Biology and applications

24. Implications of Cell Lineages as Complex Adaptive Systems Mass extinctions.

25. order disorder “chaos”

26. disorder “chaos” complex adaptive systems order

27. Implications The price of adaptation, i.e. of LIFE, is DEATH

28.  Cross Cultural Views of Bodies  A Complexity Primer  The Universe as Complex System  Biofields and Boundaries

29. Hierarchies of complex systems… Theise. Nature, May 2006

30. Hierarchies of complex systems… thing vs. phenomena depends on scale of observation

31. ChRISTOPHER SWANN

32. Hierarchies of complex systems… thing vs. phenomena depends on scale of observation

33. Hierarchies of complex systems… thing vs. phenomena depends on scale of observation => COMPLEMENTARITY Theise. Nature, May 2006 Theise & Kafatos, Complexity, 2013

34.  Complementarity and the Copenhagen Interpretation Quantum phenomena exhibit complementary aspects that are revealed by specific observations, i.e. there are a range of possible states prior to observation and any single observation is unable to capture all aspects of the complete physical situation simultaneously.

35.  Complementarity and the Copenhagen Interpretation Quantum phenomena exhibit complementary aspects that are revealed by specific observations, i.e. there are a range of possible states prior to observation and any single observation is unable to capture all aspects of the complete physical situation simultaneously. Biological Complementarity

36. Communities Bodies Cells

37. e.g. cities, cultures, ecosystems, Gaia Bodies Cells

38. Communities Bodies Cells

39. Communities Bodies Cells Biomolecules

40. Theise ND. Now you see it, now you don’t. Nature, May 2005 “Cell doctrine: modern biology and medicine see the cell as the fundamental building block of living organisms, but this concept breaks down at different perspectives and scales.” Communities Bodies Cells Biomolecules

41. “The validity of cell doctrine depends on the scale at which the body is observed… Communities Bodies Cells Biomolecules

42. “The validity of cell doctrine depends on the scale at which the body is observed. To limit ourselves to the perspective of this model may mean that explications of some bodily phenomena remain outside the capacity of modern biology… Communities Bodies Cells Biomolecules

43. “The validity of cell doctrine depends on the scale at which the body is observed. To limit ourselves to the perspective of this model may mean that explications of some bodily phenomena remain outside the capacity of modern biology… e.g. Acupuncture Communities Bodies Cells Biomolecules

44. What kind of models?

45. for example, 2 models from Ancient Greece: Is the body made of… indivisible subunits or an endlessly divisible fluid

46. Models of the body are perspective/technique dependent Look at it this way (cell membranes): the body is made of cells Look at it that way (organelles): the body is an endlessly divisible fluid

47. “The validity of cell doctrine depends on the scale at which the body is observed. To limit ourselves to the perspective of this model may mean that explications of some bodily phenomena remain outside the capacity of modern biology. It is perhaps time to dethrone the doctrine of the cell, to allow alternative models of the body for study and exploitation...” Communities Bodies Cells Biomolecules

48. Theise. Nature, May 2006 Theise & Kafatos, Complexity, 2013 Biological Complementarity

49. NOT A HIERARCHY…

50. NOT A HIERARCHY… A HOLARCHY!

51. Communities Bodies Cells Biomolecules Atoms

52. Communities Bodies Cells Biomolecules Atoms

53. Communities Bodies Cells Biomolecules Atoms

54. Communities Bodies Cells Biomolecules Atoms We are walking, talking Earth…

55. Communities Bodies Cells Biomolecules Atoms Subatomic Particles

56. Communities Bodies Cells Biomolecules Atoms Subatomic Particles Strings (or whatever)

57. Communities Bodies Cells Biomolecules Atoms Subatomic Particles Strings (or whatever) The Quantum Foam

58. We don’t live in the universe . . .

59. . . . we are the universe

60.  Cross Cultural Views of the Body  A Complexity Primer  The Universe as Complex System  Biofields and Boundaries

61. Boundaries are scale dependent Theise. Nature, May 2006 Theise & Kafatos, Complexity, 2013

62. disorder “chaos” order

63. Macroscopic body Microscopic body Nanoscopic body Quantum body

64. Macroscopic body Microscopic body Nanoscopic body Quantum body e.g. physical therapy surgery e.g. stem cell therapies, probiotics, fecal txp e.g. molecular medicine antibiotics e.g. electromagnetics

65. Macroscopic body Microscopic body Nanoscopic body Quantum body e.g. yoga tai chi e.g. acupuncture? e.g. traditional remedies e.g. “energy” healing? meditation? Nested Bodies, e.g. coarse, subtle, energy, etc.

66. Fundamental Awareness: A framework for integrating science, philosophy and metaphysics Neil D. Theise, MD Menas Kafatos, PhD Communicative and Integrative Biology 2016; 3: e115010

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