All Presenters

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Information about All Presenters

Published on June 19, 2007

Author: Eagle



Slide1:  INTERVENING WITH SUBSTANCE USING MEN NEWLY RELEASED FROM JAIL CHALLENGES AND STRATEGIES Charles Sperling, MS, NCAC-II 1 Antonya Pierce, MPH, CHES 1 Tricia Hall, MPH 1 James Tomlin 1 Samantha P. Williams,Ph.D 2 STAND, Inc.1 Centers for Disease Control and Prevention 2 Background:  Background There is considerable evidence regarding association between criminal activity and substance use. An estimated 7 in 10 local inmates had used drugs regularly or had committed a drug offense (BJS, 2000). Two-thirds of convicted jail inmates were actively involved with drugs prior to jail admission (BJS, 2000). 55% of convicted jail inmates were using drugs in the month before the offense; 36% at the time of the offense (BJS, 2000) Substance use and related activities are likely to continue once the inmate is released and previous behaviors and/or activities are resumed. Background:  Background Consequences of behavioral risk increases with multiple risk: Substance use  Negative outcomes sexual risk  such as criminal activities  STDs Data suggest that prisoners are a high risk population immediately prior to incarceration (an average of three sexual partners in the 30 days prior to detention with 59% of men indicating a female partner at high risk for STDs) as well as upon release. Contributors to sexual risk include drug use, which is heavily linked to arrests in approximately 1/3 of parolees and probationers in Georgia Given the co-morbidity of these factors, an intervention to reduce STD acquisition and transmission, prior to or upon post release would seem the best strategy for improving sexual health in this population. Background:  Background Goal Describe challenges and strategies of working with substance using men newly release from jail Context - MISTERS Project Multi-session, group intervention study with an intent to reduce sexual risk behaviors in men newly released from jail. Suggestions:  Suggestions Speakers’ time: 10-20 mins each Question/Answer: At end of presentations Address questions to individual speaker or panel Enjoy! In the Beginning…..:  In the Beginning….. Charles Sperling Principal Investigator - MISTERS Project Executive Director - STAND, Inc. OVERVIEW:  OVERVIEW Collaboration Intervening Intellectual Village Study Foundation COLLABORATION:  COLLABORATION Scientists andamp; Community Based Organizations Challenging Necessary for effective program development Key Collaborators Creates a tangible synergistic effect Positive outcomes for our participants Intellectual Village INTERVENING (Research vs. Program):  INTERVENING (Research vs. Program) The development and delivery of efficacious research initiatives require several critical considerations Avoiding an impasse Examining ethical constructs Making research useful to program strategist MISTERS Project is an illustration of bridging the gap between research and programs Opportunity to gather and synthesize data specific to this population Establishes credibility INTERVENING (Research vs. Program):  INTERVENING (Research vs. Program) Benefits Cross Disciplinary participation enhances researchers opportunity to gain access Creates an intellectual village Impetus for sound program development Environment where researchers and program staff can examine their ethical constructs INTERVENING (Research vs. Program):  INTERVENING (Research vs. Program) Challenges Bureaucracy Flexibility Funding Study Foundation:  Study Foundation Logistics Consultants Availability of Technical Assistance Staff Competencies ASSESSMENT:  ASSESSMENT Tricia Hall Interview Coordinator SCREENING PROCESS:  SCREENING PROCESS Sign In Sheet How he heard about the project Screener Between 18 and 60 Sexually Active Substance Use Read English Hour Availability Atlanta Availability No Sexual Offense HIV Negative Eligible Participants:  Eligible Participants Informed Consent Form Reason for the study What will be required Benefits Risks/Discomforts Confidentiality Release of Information Form Authorizes the release of STD results Locator Form QUESTIONNAIRE:  QUESTIONNAIRE Demographic Information Ethnicity Relationship Status Housing Arrangements Education Work status Knowledge STDs Anger Management Skills QUESTIONNAIRE :  QUESTIONNAIRE History Incarceration History Substance Use History STD History Sex Partners Number Gender Behaviors QUESTIONNAIRE:  QUESTIONNAIRE Associated Factors Perceived Risk Social Networks Vaginal, anal, oral sex behaviors Condom Use andamp; STD Incidence Substance Use Health Care Seeking Behaviors CONDOM SKILL ASSESSMENTS:  CONDOM SKILL ASSESSMENTS Demo of condom skills Condom Selection Latex vs. lambskin Not expired vs. Expired Open package Roll on outside Hold the tip Unroll to base pf penis When to remove penis Type of Lubrication Oil vs. Water base How many times can use one condom COMMUNICATION SKILL ASSESSMENTS:  COMMUNICATION SKILL ASSESSMENTS Role plays Listening Actively Speaks about himself States Feelings Specific Needs RANDOMIZATION:  RANDOMIZATION • Colored ball selection - Intervention group - Control group Groups are separated - What is required - Intervention begins that night BIOLOGICAL SPECIMENS:  BIOLOGICAL SPECIMENS Urine Chlamydia andamp; Gonorrhea Blood Syphilis andamp; HIV ASSESSMENT SCHEDULE:  ASSESSMENT SCHEDULE Slide24:  RECRUITMENT andamp; INTERVENTION James C. Tomlin Intervention Coordinator RECRUITMENT STRATEGIES :  RECRUITMENT STRATEGIES In Jail Presentation (3x per week) IRB approved script STAND, Inc. Services Walk-ins and word of mouth by participants Flyers, business cards, and other materials Expanding, to other Locations INTERVENTION DEVELOPMENT:  INTERVENTION DEVELOPMENT Theory – Based (Fisher andamp; Fisher,1992) Motivation andamp; Behavioral Skills Piloted Focus Groups Target population sample Slide27:  INTERVENTION SESSION Ice Breaker Five Nightly Session Two Hours Days of Week Closure INTERVENTION SESSIONS :  INTERVENTION SESSIONS Session 1: STD Knowledge Session 2: Condom andamp; Negotiation Skills Session 3: Avoiding triggers for drug use Session 4: Anger Management Session 5: Life Skills/Community Resources Slide29:  QUALITY ASSURANCES Evaluator Manual Facilitators Feedback Slide30:  MISTERS GROUP CHALLENGES Substance use Relationship Issues Family Issues Probation/Parole Work Schedules Weather Slide31:  RETENTION SUGGESTIONS / RECOMMENDATONS FOR FUTURE RESEARCH Antonya Pierce MISTERS Project Coordinator RETENTION:  RETENTION 'First Impression = Lasting Impression' Personable Service Locator Form Baseline Randomization Follow Up TRACKERS:  TRACKERS DIS Trained 15+ years combined experience Familiar with population and city Face to face recognition Follow up throughout 6 months PROJECT ADHERENCE:  PROJECT ADHERENCE Housing Employment Physical Legal Recidivism Children / Partners Substance Use Slide35:  Maslow’s Theory Physiological Safety Social Esteem Self- actualization Hierarchy of Needs SUGGESTIONS & RECOMMENDATIONS:  SUGGESTIONS andamp; RECOMMENDATIONS Recruitment Partnerships Intervention Retention Slide37:  ADDITIONAL INFORMATION Recruiting and Retaining Substance Using Men Newly Released from Jail: Challenges of the MISTERS STD Intervention (P141) Examining Risk Perceptions of STDs including HIV/AIDS in African American Men Newly Released from Jail (P051) ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS:  ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS Centers for Disease Control andamp; Prevention DeKalb County Health Department DeKalb County Jail Georgia Dept. Human Resources, Division of Sexually Transmitted Diseases

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