Alkarzon CAHA R2 Review Paper

60 %
40 %
Information about Alkarzon CAHA R2 Review Paper

Published on February 18, 2014

Author: reyty1



Saudi Arabia, Egypt, women, gender, gender role

Gender in Middle East Manal Alkarzon CAHA 760 Dr. Rey Ty Feb, 13, 2014 References: Hamdan, A. (2005). Women and education in Saudi Arabia: Challenges and achievements. international Education Journal, 6(1), 42-64. Al-Naggar, M. (2010). In Egypt, Women Have Burdens but No Privileges. Retrieved from Summary This paper reviews articles about gender roles in the Middle East: one in Saudi Arabia and another in Egypt. One important issue is the challenges Saudi Arabia women face in their educational journey. The purpose of this study is to investigate some of the restraints and achievements of women in the field of education in Saudi Arabia. The paper sheds light on three themes; the first theme is the education of Saudi women since 1960. The paper discusses the interaction of Saudi women with the Saudi society in general and their education status in particular. The second theme, focuses on the differentiation between Islamic teaching and the rigid analysis of some Quranic verses regarding the education of women. The third theme focuses on the women’s educational achievement and their importance and contribution to Saudi Arabia economic future and development. This paper can be distinguished from other research papers by showing that women’s inequality is traditionally established in the Saudi Arabia society. Facing problems of economic demands, segregation of sexes, restrictions on women’s jobs and cultural and religious heritage, the paper raises significant issues by stating that “If the country plans to survive this globalised era women’s education in all fields should be a priority. Educated open-minded individual’s’ demands would bring changes and progress but to what extent? Is Saudi society ready for that change?” (Hamdan, 2005, p.61). In her article “In Egypt, Women Have Burdens but No Privileges” Mona El-Naggar explains the social and political, burdens of Egyptian women. Different from Saudi women, Egyptian women can go or move for shopping and their work without the escort of men. Although, Egyptian women have significant presence in the force they still lack the required attitudes toward them in public life. The article speaks about Ms Gameel as an example of Egyptian women who work day and night for $100 a month and without increase in her salary as the rest oe Egyptian women. She says that she feels that she is taking Man’s responsibility because in Arab tradition men are considered as the providers for living and they are responsible to carry the burden of their family. She wants to act as a woman who provide love and shelter for her family. Egyptian women suffer inequality regarding job opportunity. Egyptian women have the right to work but when there is scarcity of jobs, employers and companies prefer to employ men rather than women. Egypt shares Saudi Arabia regarding the gender equality issue “Egypt is ranked 120 out of 128 countries in gender equality by the World Economic Forum Global

Gender Gap Report, with emphasis on its low performance in the subcategories of political empowerment and genuine female opportunity in the economy.” Criticism The main problem with women’s issues in Saudi Arabia , raised by open-minded individuals, is that they are faced by and challenged by the attitudes of some conservative religious scholars and old traditions which resist any move forward. This makes the issue of women in Saudi Arabic to be in a harsh conflict between tradition and modernity. Two shortcomings of the paper are that it did not shed enough light on how Saudi women live under a brutal system which can be named as the “system of apartheid gender,” Saudi women are excluded from public life. The second shortcoming is how Saudi women are required to be escorted by men whenever or wherever they go. For example, they cannot go for shopping, visit a doctor, make lawsuits without men’s approval and escort. Saudi Arabia seems to be notorious for repressive and rigid attitudes towards women’s public life and education under its strict Islamic Shariah (law). On the other hand, Egyptian women do not suffer the strict Islamic law as Saudi women do. On the contrary, Egyptian women especially in big cities like Cairo and Alexandria have, to some extent, more freedom regarding their public life and education. In Saudi Arabia, women are not allowed to occupy political positions. In Egypt, women are allowed but with limitations. For example, Women in Egypt occupy only eight out of the 454 seats in Parliament. As in Saudi Arabia, women are not allowed to be judges in the State Council because of their emotional disposition and maternal duties. Illiteracy among Egyptian women is found to be very high. The article criticizes the social, economic, educational, and political attitudes towards the Egyptian women but the writer should have focused more on facts and figures and real experiences of Egyptian women. This will put the state in comparison with the Western world and will show how backward they have become. In fact, the two articles show that both Saudi and Egyptian women suffer from the misinterpretation of the Islamic law and the attitudes from their society. In Saudi Arabia, women do not have the freedom to move out of their homes without the permission of men. In Egypt, women are allowed to move out without the permission and escorts by men but when they move out to work or to receive education, they are shocked with the social attitudes towards them. Recommendations Saudi women should start protesting for their freedom and their rights to get opportunities in the job market and to be more independent. They should have the right to move out without men's permission. They should ask their government to live like other women in the world. Egyptian women should start protesting for their equality in job market. I believe the Arab women's voice should reach everywhere to get their freedom.

Add a comment

Related presentations

Related pages

2014 ty-alkarzon-shakespeare-paper-final-peer reviewed ...

2014 ty-alkarzon-shakespeare-paper-final-peer reviewed-vol4-no4-april2014-us-china education review.
Read more

Rey Ty & M. Razvi. (2008). Critical Postcolonial Feminism ...

Rey Ty & M. Education presentation. ... Rey Ty & M. Razvi. (2008). Critical Postcolonial Feminism in Southeast Asia and South Asia.
Read more - Product Reviews and Comparisons of 2015

The best of everything. About Us; Careers; Website Feedback; Help. Advertiser Disclosure: Many offers that appear on are from companies from ...
Read more

A Dell Technical White Paper

® Hyper-V™ R2 A Dell Technical White Paper . ... review the following guides to get an in-depth understanding of Hyper-V solutions on Dell hardware: ...
Read more

Papercraft R2D2 - YouTube

Bandai Star Wars R2-D2 and R5-D4 1:12 Scale Model Kit Build and Review - Duration: ... Building my life size R2-D2 paper model. - Duration: ...
Read more


Please carefully review ... It eliminates the old paper ... The purpose of this group is to manage all the business affairs of the Jr. Coyotes/CAHA ...
Read more

SQL Server 2016 | Microsoft

SQL Server 2016 represents a huge leap forward for the data platform with faster transactions and queries, advanced analytics, and new hybrid cloud ...
Read more

Form 1+ SLA 3d printer // Review - YouTube

I got the chance to check out the Form 1+ SLA 3d printer from Formlabs and R2 ... Form 1+ SLA 3d printer // Review ... Will It Cut Paper ...
Read more

Coal and health in the Hunter: Lessons from one valley for ...

Coal and health in the Hunter: ... (CAHA) to support ... This paper will review the health risks of coal mining
Read more