Ali Fly-tipping of waste products on public land

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Information about Ali Fly-tipping of waste products on public land
Education

Published on February 6, 2014

Author: juliapeters

Source: authorstream.com

Fly-tipping of waste products on public land: Fly-tipping of waste products on public land What is it?: What is it? Fly-tipping is the illegal dumping of waste on land that does not have a licence to receive it. Waste might include: electrical goods Furniture building waste chemicals Fly-tipping can be dangerous, pollute land and waterways and costs the tax payer significant amounts of money to clear away The fly-tipping of controlled waste is a serious criminal offence which carries a fine of up to £20,000 Why is it a problem?: Why is it a problem? Fly-tipping of waste products on public land is bad because it: Is unsightly C auses pollution C osts taxpayers millions of pounds to clear up. U ndercuts the vast majority of waste businesses that comply with the law . This causes market failure. What policy/policies can be used to fix your market failure?: What policy/policies can be used to fix your market failure? Pollution permits – the government issues or sells permits to firms allowing them to pollute to a certain level This will increase firms costs Firms that pollute will have higher costs than firms that are dispose their waste cleanly This will create an incentive to firms to remain clean and dispose of their waste without dumping them polluting the area PowerPoint Presentation: This diagram shows the increase in firms costs due to the introduction of pollution permits on firms Supply Is decreasing from S to S1 causing a rise in price from P1 to P2 Is the policy efficient?: Is the policy efficient? The introduction of pollution permits is efficient because it causes better allocation of resources This is because firms have an incentive to stop dumping waste therefore might dispose of waste by recycling it which is much more sustainable as materials are being re used rather than lost Although, it is d ifficult to measure pollution levels. There is potential for hiding pollution levels Is the policy effective?: Is the policy effective? Pollution permits is effective because it raises firms costs This means that firms would have an incentive to stop dumping and polluting as the more they pollute, the higher their costs However, for pollution permits to be effective it requires regular inspections and monitoring. The costs of these enforcements may be high so although pollution permits might work it will be expensive to maintain it particularly if the number of firms involved is high Is the policy equitable?: Is the policy equitable? Pollution permits isn’t equitable to low income firms. This is because most of their income is spent on permits therefore not much profit is made which can be spent on the expansion of the business and research and development Also, it is unfair on poorer countries as they are unable to afford the permits Therefore, this has caused rich developed countries to buy the permits of less developed countries. This means that this has not stopped pollution as permits are being bought by other countries but this country is still polluting Is the policy sustainable?: Is the policy sustainable? Pollution permits can be sustainable This is only the case if firms recycle their unwanted materials instead of disposing of it in seas etc… Recycling waste materials decreases fossil fuel emission and is therefore more sustainable for the environment Also, it protects resources for future generations making it very sustainable However, this is only if firms recycle waste

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