Alfred adler poster[1]

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Information about Alfred adler poster[1]

Published on February 27, 2014

Author: FranBangor

Source: slideshare.net

Tara Smith, Jasmine Dower, Ludger Hartley, Allan Bramwell, Michael Snares, Bryan Watkins Alfred Adler Alfred Adler was a medical doctor, an early member of the psychoanalytic movement, and later the founder of individual psychology. His ideas had a huge influence on the development of Psychology after Freud The inferiority complex consists of Primary and Secondary complexes. 3 pre-cursors of neuroticism: Primary Secondary • An adult never dealt with their feelings of • An adults’ perceived failure to achieve childhood weakness, vulnerability and internal (subjective) goals. dependence on parents. • Memories of childhood inferiority creates an overwhelming sense of failure. • They compare themselves to others, such as siblings and work colleagues. • This often leads to neurotic behaviour as the person attempts to deal with this inferiority. Inferiority feelings, used as excuses This often works in the subconscious, inhibiting abilities to succeed at any attempted task, further propagating the negative cycle. Men & women equal Neurotic Personality Inferiority Complex Split with Freud SFFPS Neglect/rejection by parents Pampering by parents Neurotic people feel strongly inferior & scared of making mistakes - they are not socially courageous. You can’t challenge their ideas because they get so offended by criticism! Healthy people have a well developed sense of social interest – a sense of community feeling and interest in others. Adler believed co-operation solves most of life’s problems! Birth Order Edward, the baby of the family, was spoiled by his royal parents – when in the Marines, the Sunday Times called him “a mama's boy who still took his two-foot teddy bear to bed”. His failed career pursuits illustrate his high dependency, need to excel and need for praise. Anne and Andrew likely view the older Charles as a competitor. From birth, their development depended on how Charles treated them: if Charles resented them, personality issues may develop. Anne’s Olympic horseriding attempts are a good example of how demanding middle children are of themselves, setting unrealistically high goals to ensure failure as to not upset older siblings. Charles is the centre of attention! He understands power best because when his siblings were born, he would have begun to feel like a ‘dethroned monarch’ – he had power as an only child and then lost it. With a degree from Cambridge and his interest in conservation, he is the most conservative of the family and shows an ability for intellectual pursuits. George has no sibling rivals and is therefore likely to be pampered, especially by mother Kate. If he remains an only child then there is a good chance that he will develop a high need for approval and will have difficulty handling criticism. However, these pressures will make him intellectually able and a high achiever. Personality Types Style of Life Concerned with individuals’ five possible attitudes to tasks in life. Attitudes Towards Difficulties •Engagement vs avoidance Attitudes Towards Self •Self development •Self destructiveness •Self indulgence Attitudes Towards Life •Optimistic Vs. Pessimistic Attitudes Towards Opposite Sex •Expressed via rejection, abuse, affection, contempt, respect or acceptance. Treatment Attitudes Towards Others •Ranges from destruction, dominance, co-operation, rejection. There are five precursors (health & appearance, socio-economic position, parental attitudes, family structure & gender role), that affect style of life. Some influences increase the likelihood of negative development although Adler also acknowledged the role of free will. Mental health is determined by how one responds to the three main tasks of life: Others: Others are either seen as friendly or hostile, altering our attempts to engage with them. Occupation: Seen as either a daily chore that must be tolerated or the chance for self-expression. Love & Sex: Experienced either as opportunity for mutual benefit or selfish exploitation. A mother teaches her children social skills •If the mother is happy about her role then the child will develop positively/normally. •If the mother is unhappy, the child may develop an inferiority complex. Fathers offer a model of a worthwhile human being by providing for the family. Ruling Type (Victoria) This type, including bullies, sadists, depressives & alcoholics, show dominance over others, pushing over anyone who gets in their way. Leaning Type (Harry) This type, developed via lifestyle, are sensitive and dependent on others. It is possible that they will develop neurotic symptoms when overwhelmed. Avoiding Type (Charles) These types survive by avoiding life and avoiding people. If they are successful, they will not have taken any risks to get there. Socially Useful Type (William) These outgoing, active types are healthy with both social interest and energy. They believe in doing good for society and are in control of their lives. Encouragement Support Step 1 Step 1 Empathy Empathy •The therapist offers warmth, empathy, acceptance, hope, reassurance and encouragement. •Creates a working relationship. Step 2 Step 2 Information Information •Unstructured, relevant information is gathered. •What is the present issue? •Early childhood influences located •Freudian style day/night dream analysis. Step 3 Step 3 Clarification Clarification •The therapist helps the client correct the mistakes of thought. •Helps redirect the client’s ideas about self and others. •Focus on the exogenous factors that caused the illness. Step 4 Step 4 Encouragement Encouragement •The therapist helps the client generate alternatives. •Client clarifies new feelings about their efforts. •The therapist helps the client strengthen rudiments of Social interest (gained courage and understanding of their mistakes).

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