Alexander Calder Biography

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Information about Alexander Calder Biography

Published on March 17, 2014

Author: mooreb



Alexander Calder Biography

Alexander Calder American Modern Artist (1898- 1976) Inventor of the MOBILE Created by Ms. Moore Pinconning High School Art Dept.

Calder’s Childhood… • Born into a family of artists in Lawnton, Pennsylvania • Father was a prominent sculptor; Mother was a painter • In 1902, at the age of 4, Alexander created his first sculpture- a clay elephant • Discouraged from becoming an artist professionally, but supported as an artist Alexander Calder on the beach with his mother in 1909

• After studying engineering, in 1923 Calder began attending the Art Students’ League in New York • Freelance artist for the National Police Gazette • Assignment: Ringling Brothers’s and Barnum & Baily Circus- beginning of his fascination with the circus

Moved to Paris in 1926 & built a miniature circus…

Interest in Kinetic art led him to create Mobiles, an art form for which he is given credit for…

 Playful with his work bringing humor and a sense of play to his work  Made wire portraits  Began to make moving sculptures  Artist Marcel Dunchamp called Calder’s work “mobiles” from the French word “to move”  Lived in Roxbury, Connecticut with his wife Louisa James almost his entire life  Colorful, abstract forms in red, blue, yellow & black

Joan Miro Piet Mondrian Interested in the work of Joan Miro and Piet Mondrian…

Alexander Calder died from a heart attack in 1976. He was committed to creating art until his death.

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