Airside Ops & Ntm

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Information about Airside Ops & Ntm
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Published on January 14, 2009

Author: AiDY

Source: slideshare.net

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Airside Ops & Ntm

LEARNING & DEVELOPMENT MANAGEMENT “ BASIC AIRPORTS OPERATIONS COURSE ” AIRSIDE OPERATION by CHENG LING PERNG

COURSE OBJECTIVE By the end of the lecture, you will be able to understand the processes of Airside Operations, its function and the key responsibilities. You will also know what a NOTAM is and its significance.

BASIC AIRPORT OPERATIONS ll AIRPORT OPERATIONS CENTRE Airside Landside Terminal RUNWAY ARRIVAL CONCOURSE PIER GATE APRON TAXIWAY RUNWAY GATE APRON TAXIWAY AIRCRAFT PROCESSING E.G. FUEL APPROACH PASSENGER BAGGAGE RECLAIM ROADS PARKING ROADS PARKING DEPARTURE CONCOURSE PIER PASSENGER AREA PROCESSING CATERING MAIL CARGO PROCESSING OTHER GROUND TRANSPORT DEPARTURE AIRSIDE LANDSIDE TERMINAL PUBLIC AREAS PUBLIC AREAS Safety Efficiency Cost effectiveness Profitability Objectives Engineering Operations Security Operations Tracked Transit Control Baggage Handling Control Immigration AFRS Network Management Crisis Control Apron Control Tower etc. Other Centres

ll

KLIA AIRFIELD LAYOUT

AIRSIDE OPERATIONS OBJECTIVES/ FUNCTIONS Maintain a high level of airfield and apron safety as per I.C.A.O standards Adhere to established policies and procedures for safe airfield operations. Promote safety awareness through training, audits, licensing briefings and Safety Campaigns. Enforce ramp safety policies and SOPs. Develop and implement new industry best practices. Be aware of accident trends through ground incident and accident statistical data. Establish reliable reporting and investigation system.

Maintain a high level of airfield and apron safety as per I.C.A.O standards

Adhere to established policies and procedures for safe airfield operations.

Promote safety awareness through training, audits, licensing briefings and Safety Campaigns.

Enforce ramp safety policies and SOPs.

Develop and implement new industry best practices.

Be aware of accident trends through ground incident and accident statistical data.

Establish reliable reporting and investigation system.

AIRSIDE OPERATIONS OBJECTIVES/ FUNCTIONS Carry out safety audits on ground handlers, vendors & airlines. Identify potential airfield hazards, evaluate and set in preventive controls. Dissemination of ramp incidents and accidents information. Coordinating airside activities during emergencies and salvage operations. Continuous improvement through reviews, technology and industry standards.

Carry out safety audits on ground handlers, vendors & airlines.

Identify potential airfield hazards, evaluate and set in preventive controls.

Dissemination of ramp incidents and accidents information.

Coordinating airside activities during emergencies and salvage operations.

Continuous improvement through reviews, technology and industry standards.

AIRSIDE OPERATIONS KEY ACTIVITIES 1. Inspections 2. Issuance of Airside Permit (Driving, PLB & Vehicle Permit) 3. Ground Incident and accident investigations 4. Safety escort or follow -me service 5. Enforcement checks 6. Work in progress Coordination (WIP) Initiation of NOTAM Audits, Reviews and Change Internal Trainings.

1. Inspections

2. Issuance of Airside Permit (Driving, PLB & Vehicle Permit)

3. Ground Incident and accident investigations

4. Safety escort or follow -me service

5. Enforcement checks

6. Work in progress Coordination (WIP)

Initiation of NOTAM

Audits, Reviews and Change

Internal Trainings.

AIRSIDE OPERATIONS KEY ACTIVITIES Co-ordinations & Meetings with Airlines, Government Agencies etc. Wildlife Hazard Animals :- Dogs, Cows etc Bees, Snakes, Rodents Birds Environmental Management Noise Effluent discharges

Co-ordinations & Meetings with Airlines, Government Agencies etc.

Wildlife Hazard

Animals :- Dogs, Cows etc

Bees, Snakes, Rodents

Birds

Environmental Management

Noise

Effluent discharges

1. INSPECTING MOVEMENT AREA Inspection Program Objectives Accident/ Incident reduction Effective reporting system Prompt corrective action

Inspection Program Objectives

Accident/ Incident reduction

Effective reporting system

Prompt corrective action

1. INSPECTING MOVEMENT AREA Accident/ Incident reduction Foreign Object Damage Obstruction & Construction Wild Life Hazard Aerodrome facilities serviceability

Accident/ Incident reduction

Foreign Object Damage

Obstruction & Construction

Wild Life Hazard

Aerodrome facilities serviceability

1. INSPECTING MOVEMENT AREA Foreign Object Damage (F.O.D) FOD : Any object that is found on the maneuvering areas that can endanger aircraft (Metal, Paper, Plastic Sheets, Boxes, Parts, Tools etc.) FOD Ingestion by aircraft Velocity impact of debris launched by jet blast on to other aircraft, personnel, (Ramp / Passengers) and buildings Can contribute to airborne engine failures Both Safety, Economic and Image issue

Foreign Object Damage (F.O.D)

FOD : Any object that is found on the maneuvering areas that can endanger aircraft (Metal, Paper, Plastic Sheets, Boxes, Parts, Tools etc.)

FOD Ingestion by aircraft

Velocity impact of debris launched by jet blast on to other aircraft, personnel, (Ramp / Passengers) and buildings

Can contribute to airborne engine failures

Both Safety, Economic and Image issue

1. INSPECTING MOVEMENT AREA FOD prevention in KLIA Apron Sweeping Program Airfield Schedule Inspection Bay Inspection prior to each aircraft’s arrival or departure. Awareness Trainings, Campaigns Maintenance activities – Adherence to SOP Communication/ coordination

FOD prevention in KLIA

Apron Sweeping Program

Airfield Schedule Inspection

Bay Inspection prior to each aircraft’s arrival or departure.

Awareness Trainings, Campaigns

Maintenance activities – Adherence to SOP

Communication/ coordination

1. INSPECTING MOVEMENT AREA Inspection & Reporting System Fault Reporting Use of Checklist Paved areas, OCL Markings, Signs, Lighting, Status Written records Action on Priority Areas NOTAM dissemination

Inspection & Reporting System

Fault Reporting

Use of Checklist

Paved areas, OCL

Markings,

Signs, Lighting,

Status Written records

Action on Priority Areas

NOTAM dissemination

1. SAMPLE OF CHECKLIST

1. INSPECTING MOVEMENT AREA Prompt Corrective actions Advise responsible party - Docketing Vehicles/ Equipment removal Area closed or cordoned off

Prompt Corrective actions

Advise responsible party - Docketing

Vehicles/ Equipment removal

Area closed or cordoned off

1. SAMPLE OF DOCKET

2. ISSUANCE OF AIRSIDE PERMITS Civil Aviation Act 1969 Airfield Vehicle Permit ( MCAR 105) Airfield Driving Permit (MCAR 106) Temporary Entry Permit (MCAR 105) PLB Operator Permit. Electrical Vehicle/ Buggy Permit

Civil Aviation Act 1969

Airfield Vehicle Permit ( MCAR 105)

Airfield Driving Permit (MCAR 106)

Temporary Entry Permit (MCAR 105)

PLB Operator Permit.

Electrical Vehicle/ Buggy Permit

3. GROUND INCIDENT/ ACCIDENTS Determine the Facts to establish root cause Make recommendations to prevent recurrences Take corrective action

Determine the Facts to establish root cause

Make recommendations to prevent recurrences

Take corrective action

3. GROUND INCIDENT/ ACCIDENTS Ground Accidents/ Incidents Record in KLIA

3. GROUND INCIDENT/ ACCIDENTS 80% of ground accident in KLIA Involves in collision between vehicles/ equipment or facilities. Apron accidents involving aircraft are frequently caused by:- equipment used for passenger handling, aircraft loading and servicing i.e. PLB, Loading Bridges, catering trucks, baggage carts)

80% of ground accident in KLIA

Involves in collision between vehicles/ equipment or facilities.

Apron accidents involving aircraft are frequently caused by:-

equipment used for passenger handling, aircraft loading and servicing i.e. PLB, Loading Bridges, catering trucks, baggage carts)

4. SAFETY ESCORT AND FOLLOW-ME Provide safety escort for VVIP movements - vehicles on the aircraft maneuvering area Provide Follow-Me service to foreign aircraft - on request especially VVIP flights that requires special coordination Filming Safety Escort Safety escort for new contractors in airfield

Provide safety escort for VVIP movements - vehicles on the aircraft maneuvering area

Provide Follow-Me service to foreign aircraft - on request especially VVIP flights that requires special coordination

Filming Safety Escort

Safety escort for new contractors in airfield

5. ENFORCEMENT CHECK Errant drivers or apron users for contravening the Civil Aviation Act Vehicles conditions and validity of the vehicle & driving permits Check and control Vandalism

Errant drivers or apron users for contravening the Civil Aviation Act

Vehicles conditions and validity of the vehicle & driving permits

Check and control Vandalism

6. WORK IN PROGRESS – SAFETY MATTERS Requirement for Safety Briefing (Coordination meeting) Define safety standard and safety specifications Follow-up on safety procedures (Safety Review) Monitor day to day safety practices Discuss specific concern with operator Safe Movement of individuals & Vehicles – Dedicated route and work area demarcation Minimum disruption of operational activities Clear routes for fire station active area

Requirement for Safety Briefing (Coordination meeting)

Define safety standard and safety specifications

Follow-up on safety procedures (Safety Review)

Monitor day to day safety practices

Discuss specific concern with operator

Safe Movement of individuals & Vehicles – Dedicated route and work area demarcation

Minimum disruption of operational activities

Clear routes for fire station active area

6. WORK IN PROGRESS – SAFETY MATTERS Initiate NOTAM Restriction on aircraft or vehicle activity Threshold displacement if necessary Temporary lighting/ Marking Revise vehicle control procedures Access to communications equipment & dedicated man for the task Special site for equipment and material storage Supervision to WIP

Initiate NOTAM

Restriction on aircraft or vehicle activity

Threshold displacement if necessary

Temporary lighting/ Marking

Revise vehicle control procedures

Access to communications equipment & dedicated man for the task

Special site for equipment and material storage

Supervision to WIP

6. WORK IN PROGRESS – SAFETY MATTERS Be aware of potential hazardous conditions Excavation near runways, taxiways, apron Construction materials, earth mounds or stockpiles Temporary structures – location & design Obstructions in operational areas, take off or approach path

Be aware of potential hazardous conditions

Excavation near runways, taxiways, apron

Construction materials, earth mounds or stockpiles

Temporary structures – location & design

Obstructions in operational areas, take off or approach path

7. WILDLIFE HAZARD Bird Strike Bees Threats Animals Snakes

Bird Strike

Bees Threats

Animals

Snakes

8. AIRSIDE SERVICES MANAGEMENT COMMITTEE Meetings once every two months Participants:- MA (Sepang), DCA, Airlines, Ground Handlers, Fuel Operators, AFRS, AVSEC, MET. Objective is to resolve safety & operational issues in the airside Identify unsafe conditions and acts. The process of elimination of hazards Objective:- To reduce operational risks Introduce control measures As Low As Reasonably Practicable (ALARP)

Meetings once every two months

Participants:- MA (Sepang), DCA, Airlines, Ground Handlers, Fuel Operators, AFRS, AVSEC, MET.

Objective is to resolve safety & operational issues in the airside

Identify unsafe conditions and acts.

The process of elimination of hazards

Objective:- To reduce operational risks

Introduce control measures

As Low As Reasonably Practicable (ALARP)

9. NOTAM NOTAM is Notice to Airmen Shall be originated and issued promptly whenever the information to be disseminated is of a:- Temporary nature and of short duration Operationally significant permanent changes or temporary changes of long duration are made at short notice.

NOTAM is Notice to Airmen

Shall be originated and issued promptly whenever the information to be disseminated is of a:-

Temporary nature and of short duration

Operationally significant permanent changes or temporary changes of long duration are made at short notice.

9. WHEN DO WE NEED TO ISSUE A NOTAM? Establishment, closure or significant changes in operation of aerodrome or runways Establishment, withdrawal or changes in operation of aeronautical services (AGL, VOR, DME, PAPI, VASIS, ATS, MET, SAR, AFRS CAT etc.) Establishment, withdrawal or changes in visual aids Interruption of or return to operation of major components of aerodrome lighting system.

Establishment, closure or significant changes in operation of aerodrome or runways

Establishment, withdrawal or changes in operation of aeronautical services (AGL, VOR, DME, PAPI, VASIS, ATS, MET, SAR, AFRS CAT etc.)

Establishment, withdrawal or changes in visual aids

Interruption of or return to operation of major components of aerodrome lighting system.

9. WHEN DO WE NEED TO ISSUE A NOTAM? Occurrence or correction of major defect in the maneuvering area. Changes to and limitation on availability of fuel supply. Major changes to rescue facilities and services available. Presence of hazard which affect air navigation (including obstacle, air displays, volcanic eruption etc.)

Occurrence or correction of major defect in the maneuvering area.

Changes to and limitation on availability of fuel supply.

Major changes to rescue facilities and services available.

Presence of hazard which affect air navigation (including obstacle, air displays, volcanic eruption etc.)

9. GENERAL SPECIFICATION OF NOTAM Each NOTAM shall be allocated a serial number. NOTAM shall be brief & concise. Each NOTAM shall be transmitted as a single telecommunication message. When a NOTAM is issued which cancels or supersedes a previous NOTAM, the serial number of the previous NOTAM shall be indicated. Eg. Ntmc A1234/05 Ntmr B2468/05 Ntmn C 1255/05

Each NOTAM shall be allocated a serial number.

NOTAM shall be brief & concise.

Each NOTAM shall be transmitted as a single telecommunication message.

When a NOTAM is issued which cancels or supersedes a previous NOTAM, the serial number of the previous NOTAM shall be indicated. Eg. Ntmc A1234/05 Ntmr B2468/05 Ntmn C 1255/05

9. GENERAL SPECIFICATION OF NOTAM When error occur in a NOTAM, replacement NOTAM shall be issued. Location indicators included in the text of a NOTAM shall conform to ICAO list.

When error occur in a NOTAM, replacement NOTAM shall be issued.

Location indicators included in the text of a NOTAM shall conform to ICAO list.

9. DISTRIBUTION OF NOTAM NOTAM shall be distributed to addressees to whom the information is of direct operational significance by AIS. Except as otherwise provided, each NOTAM shall contain the information in the order of NOTAM format.

NOTAM shall be distributed to addressees to whom the information is of direct operational significance by AIS.

Except as otherwise provided, each NOTAM shall contain the information in the order of NOTAM format.

9. WHO ISSUES NOTAMS NOTAM office is operated by competent person from DCA Person(s) responsible for inspecting the aerodromes and reporting aerodrome condition change Responsible person must be appropriately trained Fulfill and aerodrome operator’s duty of care and to avoid possible accusation of negligence

NOTAM office is operated by competent person from DCA

Person(s) responsible for inspecting the aerodromes and reporting aerodrome condition change

Responsible person must be appropriately trained

Fulfill and aerodrome operator’s duty of care and to avoid possible accusation of negligence

9. SAMPLE OF NOTAMS

9. NOTAM DISSEMINATION YSAXXXX GG WMKKNTMA WMKKNTMC 311500 WMKKYNYX (A1635/04 NOTAMN Q)WMFC/QMRLC/IV/NBO/A/000/999/ A)WMKK B)0408020300 C)0408300900 D)MON-RWY 14L/32R BTN 0300 UTC TILL 0900 UTC THU- RWY 14R/32L BTN 0300 UTC TILL 0900 UTC E)RWY CLSD FOR MNTD.)

YSAXXXX

GG WMKKNTMA WMKKNTMC

311500 WMKKYNYX

(A1635/04 NOTAMN

Q)WMFC/QMRLC/IV/NBO/A/000/999/

A)WMKK

B)0408020300 C)0408300900

D)MON-RWY 14L/32R BTN 0300 UTC TILL 0900 UTC

THU- RWY 14R/32L BTN 0300 UTC TILL 0900 UTC

E)RWY CLSD FOR MNTD.)

Q & A Thank You

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