Published on March 5, 2014
Thought "Leadership is the capacity to translate vision into reality.” ~ Warren G. Bennis
Agriculture in Madhya Pradesh
Madhya Pradesh is known as the Heart of India. It is the second largest state by area and sixth largest state by population. Agriculture of Madhya Pradesh is one of the main sectors of the state’s economy. Madhya Pradesh is primarily an agriculture state. About 73 percent population of the state is rural, which directly or indirectly depends on the agriculture. Agriculture plays an important role by contributing immensely to the economy. The major perennial rivers of Madhya Pradesh namely Narmada River, Betwa River, Chambal River originate in Madhya Pradesh and flow to the seven bordering states. The soil of Madhya Pradesh is deficient in nitrogen and phosphate nutrients, The natural calamities like drought floods and hailstorm are the common features that affect agriculture in Madhya Pradesh
• Net Area Sown -- 15,048 hectares • Gross Cropped Area -- 19,891 hectares • Double Cropped Area -- 4,843 • Net Irrigated Area -- 5,631 • Gross Irrigated Area -- 5,776
Some of the important food and cash crops that are vital to agriculture in Madhya Pradesh are follows: • • • • • • • Rice Wheat Jowar Gram Soyabean Sugarcane Cotton 1,058 kg / hectare 1,342 kg / hectare 1,342 kg / hectare 932 kg / hectare 1,132 kg / hectare 4,215 kg / hectare 557 kg / hectare
Agriculture Production - Major Crops Production in million tonns Crop All india Production Production in M.P. Pulses (all) 14.20 3.20 Gram 6.33 2.41 Lentil 0.91 0.26 Toor ( yellow pigeon pea) 2.31 0.22 Maize 15.10 0.84 Soybean 8.85 4.78 Rapeseed & Mustard 7.44 0.69 Wheat 75.81 7.33 Sugarcane 355.52 2.81 Rice 93.36 1.37 6
Horticulture Production Crops Production (millon tonnes ) Vegetables 3.528 Fruits 3.344 Spices 0.334 Flower & Medicinal plants 0.139 8
Animal Husbandry • Goatery Potential for Marketing and Processing in Goat sector especially for meat and feta cheese 25.8% Growth of Goat Population in MP during last five year • Poultry Potential for Marketing and Processing in Poultry sector Low cost of egg (2.55 US cents per egg) 61.0% Growth of Poultry in MP during last five year 9
Fisheries - at a glance • 172 species • Production – 68466 MT – expected to be 100’000 M.T. by 2016-17 • Cooperative based activities • 1749 cooperative societies - 60612 members 10
• In spite of being the 2nd leading State in the areas of fruits & vegetables in India, the food-processing sector in Madhya Pradesh is relatively un-developed. Now it is being treated as a thrust sector in the New Industrial Policy and various concessions & incentives have been provided for this sector. Investment proposals for more than Rs. 200 crore are in the offing. Many proposals for organic farming and production and herbal products have been received. • In the year 2003-2004 Government of India has sanctioned six "Agriculture Export Zones" (AEZ) for six agro products in Madhya Pradesh. This initiative would strengthen the infrastructure in Food Processing. • The M.P. villages are well connected by ITC-E chaupal model and contract farming is being done by corporate sector. Notable among them is Pepsi, which is doing contract farming in 10000 ha of land in Ujjain division for potato farming (Chip variety).
• AGRO-BASED INDUSTRIES & HORTICULTURE (food processing, canning, agro-marketing, cold storages & other post-harvest initiatives) • Existing Players ITC ltd Trading and Extension All M.P Cargil India Ltd Collection Centre Hoshangabad and Harda Pepsi- Frito Lays Potato collection Malwa Reliance Fresh Retail. Mrktg Major cities Godrej India ltd Fruit juice Mandideep Coca-Cola India Soft Drink Pilukhedi, Rajgarh V.R.S Foods Milk Products Malanpur Bind Parle Agro ltd. Fruit juice Mandideep
Thrust Areas for Value Addition Cereals & Pulses Fruit Wheat, Rice, Maize, Millets & Pulses Banana, Mango, Orange, Papaya Vegetables Potato, Onion,Peas,Tomato,Brinjal Oil Seeds Soyabean, Groundnut, Mustard Medicinal Plants Gooseberry (Aonla), Aegle Marmelos (Bael), Aloe vera Garlic, Coriander, Chillies, Ginger, 13 Fenugreek Spices
State Government Initiatives • Food Processing –A thrust sector • Liberal policy for Grape-Wine production • Liberal policy for waste land development. • Separate Policy and special schemes to boost Food Processing Industries • Food parks and infrastructure for Post Harvest Management . 14
AEZ of Madhya Pradesh Potatoes, onion and garlic at Malwa, Ujjain, Indore, Dewas, Dhar, Shajajpur, Ratlam, Neemuch and Mandsaur; Seed spices in districts of Guna, Mandsaur, Ujjain, Rajgarh, Ratlam, Shajapur and Neemuch; Wheat (Duram) at three distinct and contiguous zones - Ujjain Zone comprising of Neemach, Ratlam, Mandsaur and Ujjain; - Indore Zone comprising Indore, Dhar, Shajapur and Dewas and - Bhopal Division comprising Sehore, Vidisha, Raisen, Hoshangabad, Harda, Narsinghpur and Bhopal; Lentil and grams: Shivpuri, Guna, Vidisha, Raisen, Narsinghpura, Chhindwara and Oranges at Chhindwara, Hoshangabad, Betul
. Major Activities of M.P. Agro • Marketing of Agricultural inputs such as Seeds, Pesticides, Agricultural Machineries, Tractors, Irrigation systems such as Pump sets, Sprinkler and Drip system and Chemical and Organic Fertilizers. • Manufacture of High Quality BIO-FERTILIZERS such as Rhizobium, Azatobacter, PSB and Liquid Culture. • Manufacture of ORGANIC-MANURE from Farm Waste and City Garbage. • Large scale production of Hybrid Vegetable Seeds, Planting Material for Fruits and Commercial Scale Production of Vegetables and Fruits for the Domestic and International market at India's largest farm (3500 acres). • Promotion of AGRO PROCESSING INDUSTRIES as per the schemes of Ministry of Food Processing Industries, Govt. of India in Madhya Pradesh with special emphasis on units for Pulping, Brining and Freezing of Fruits, Vegetables and Floriculture.
Madhya Pradesh has again posted the highest agriculture growth in the country this year. According to the government’s claim, the state achieved a growth rate of 13.33% in 2013 • Last year, the agriculture growth, however, was pegged at 18.91%. The government considers the back-to-back highest agriculture growth achieved by the state as a rare feat in the country. According to an official release, the state produced 2.31 crore metric tonnes food grains in 2012-13 against 2.03 crore MT in 2011-12. • With this, Madhya Pradesh surpassed Haryana in food grain production and now stands third after Punjab and Uttar Pradesh.
Agricultural map of Madhya Pradesh showing different commercial crops cultivating areas of India,Sugarcane, cotton, jute, tea.
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