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Agricultural Reform In India

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Information about Agricultural Reform In India
Education

Published on September 16, 2008

Author: thadeshvar

Source: slideshare.net

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[email_address] AGRICULTURAL REFORMS IN INDIA BY:- DHIRENDRA RAJPUT

Agriculture in India Largest and one of the most Prominent sector in economy. Agriculture and Forestry, Logging, Fishing accounted for 16.6% of the GDP in 2007. Employs 60% of India’s population. Accounts for 8.56% of India’s exports. About 43% of India's geographical area is used for agricultural activity Decline of its share in the GDP. Monsoons play a critical role in agriculture. [email_address]

Largest and one of the most Prominent sector in economy.

Agriculture and Forestry, Logging, Fishing accounted for 16.6% of the GDP in 2007.

Employs 60% of India’s population.

Accounts for 8.56% of India’s exports.

About 43% of India's geographical area is used for agricultural activity

Decline of its share in the GDP.

Monsoons play a critical role in agriculture.

History of Indian Agriculture By 6 th millennium BC, Wheat and some legumes were found in Indus valley. By 4000 BC, wheat, peas, dates and mangoes. By 3500 BC, cotton and cotton textiles were found in the valley. By 3000 BC, rice and sugar cane had started. By 2500 BC, rice was an important component of the staple diet in Mohenjodaro. By 2000 BC, tea, bananas and apples were being cultivated. [email_address]

By 6 th millennium BC, Wheat and some legumes were found in Indus valley.

By 4000 BC, wheat, peas, dates and mangoes.

By 3500 BC, cotton and cotton textiles were found in the valley.

By 3000 BC, rice and sugar cane had started.

By 2500 BC, rice was an important component of the staple diet in Mohenjodaro.

By 2000 BC, tea, bananas and apples were being cultivated.

Agricultural Movements Green Revolution After independence, govt. took steps to increase the food production. Yields per unit area of all crops grew since 1950. In 1970s saw a huge increase in India’s wheat production. Reasons were improvement in irrigation, technology, application of modern agricultural practices and provision of agricultural credit and subsidies. M.S. Swami Nathan is considered as the architect of the Green Revolution . [email_address]

Green Revolution

After independence, govt. took steps to increase the food production.

Yields per unit area of all crops grew since 1950.

In 1970s saw a huge increase in India’s wheat production.

Reasons were improvement in irrigation, technology, application of modern agricultural practices and provision of agricultural credit and subsidies.

M.S. Swami Nathan is considered as the architect of the Green Revolution .

Agricultural Movements (contd.) It was the name of a rural development programme Started by National Dairy Development Board (NDDB) in 1970. Objective was creating a nation wide milk grid. Movement followed the Green Revolution and alleviating poverty and famine levels. India became the largest producer of milk and milk products. Hence, also known as White Revolution of India. Operation Flood [email_address]

It was the name of a rural development programme

Started by National Dairy Development Board (NDDB) in 1970.

Objective was creating a nation wide milk grid.

Movement followed the Green Revolution and alleviating poverty and famine levels.

India became the largest producer of milk and milk products.

Hence, also known as White Revolution of India.

Operation Flood

P RODUCTION Largest producer in the world of milk, cashew nuts, coconuts, tea, ginger, turmeric and black pepper. World’s largest cattle population (193 million). Second in world in farm output. Second largest producer of wheat, rice, sugar, groundnut and fish. It is the 3 rd largest producer of tobacco. Accounts for 10% of the world fruit production. [email_address]

Largest producer in the world of milk, cashew nuts, coconuts, tea, ginger, turmeric and black pepper.

World’s largest cattle population (193 million).

Second in world in farm output.

Second largest producer of wheat, rice, sugar, groundnut and fish.

It is the 3 rd largest producer of tobacco.

Accounts for 10% of the world fruit production.

P RODUCTION (contd.) [email_address] Commodity Output per acre National average 0.29 Sugarcane 26.15 Potato 6.32 Wheat 0.84 Rice 0.70 Corn 0.64 Groundnut 0.37 Soya bean 0.32

Factors for low productivity Illiteracy, reforms and inadequate or inefficient finance and marketing services for farm products. Average size of land holdings is very small. Adoption of modern agricultural practices and use of technology is inadequate. Irrigation facilities are inadequate. [email_address]

Illiteracy, reforms and inadequate or inefficient finance and marketing services for farm products.

Average size of land holdings is very small.

Adoption of modern agricultural practices and use of technology is inadequate.

Irrigation facilities are inadequate.

Thank You [email_address]

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