Published on February 15, 2014
The Age of Sustainable Development Salahuddin Khawaja Based on Dr. Jeff Sach’s MOOC
I Intro to Sustainable Development
To understand Sustainable Development, we need to look at the population and how it is growing
Current World Population: * Darker shades reflect denser population 7 Billion
Has increased (since the beginning of the industrial revolution) 7 7 fold
And is growing!! 7
So with that context, what exactly is Sustainable Development?
Sustainable development is 2 ideas: 1 2 Way to Set understand this sustainable world ` goals How economic, social, environment and political factors fit together How we make the world prosperous, fair and sustainable? `
Sustainable development is 2 ideas: 1 2 Way to Set understand this sustainable world ` goals How economic, social, environment and political factors fit together How we make the world prosperous, fair and sustainable?
We live in an interconnected world
Our approach to how we live connects us to the physical world
We are the changing our world in unprecedented ways Climate Change Ocean Chemistry Species Extinction Air Quality
Extraordinary times calls for extraordinary measures.
Solutions will be complex. So embracing complexity is the only option.
Using technology in the right way will part of the solution Train powered by fossil fuel Train powered by renewable energy
How do we understand the complicated challenges we face?
Economic Social ` 4 dimensions to the puzzle of understanding our world Environment Political *“Way to understand this world” is an analytical approach, looking holistically at society
Social Inclusion Environment al Sustainabilit y ` Wealth Well Governed 4 dimensions to looking at how to set sensible goals *“Set sustainable goals” is also considered a Normative/ethical approach
Putting it together – Fundamental question
How can we use our knowledge of the interconnections of the economy, society, environment and governance . . .
. . . and think through this crowded 21st century, massive poverty and inequality and environmental stress . . .
. . . to achieve the goal of a wealth society, that is socially inclusive, environmentally sustainable and well governed?
II Economic Growth and Progress
` Economic well being and prosperity is one crucial aspect of Sustainable Development
There have been great gains in economic well being `
There have been great gains in economic well being The industrial revolution launched decades of growth `
Population has grown alongside economic output Since 1950 the population has almost tripled `
We crossed the 7B in 2011 and are on track to hit 8B by 2024 and 9B by 2040s
The economic and population growth has come at a cost: impact to the planet (this is a challenge for Sustainable Development)
Alongside population and economic growth has come improved health
Infant mortality has decreased to 72% since 1950
Life expectancy has increased by 51%
This shows that progress of all forms is achievable
The key challenge is to ensure that progress is inclusive and environmentally sustainable, otherwise the gains we have made will be fleeting.
III Continuing Poverty
Many countries have escaped from economic hardship, but the prosperity has not been broad based
1 Billion people live in extreme poverty (face a daily struggle to survive) - 36 -
Income might be a core part of poverty, but there are others: Food H e a l th Se r vi c e s Sa fe Wa te r Sa n ita tio n El e c tr i ci ty Ba s i c Ed u c a ti o n
Huge variation in income levels exist `
As well as infant mortality `
Poverty is mainly concentrated in two regions: Tropical Africa & South Asia
Even in developed countries there are significant pockets of poverty as a result of the uneven distribution of income
A favela (shantytown) of 200,000 people in Rio, right next to high end buildings
Geography of wealth & poverty is complex (not only across regions but within countries)
IV Environmental Threats
We have become a threat to ourselves
Economic production has become so large
Population has increased vastly
World economic output: $ 85 Trillian per year
Physical earth is being overwhelmed
Water we are using Energy we are burning By the: ` Land we are used to feed the planet Pollution from the chemicals used
We are facing an unprecedented climate crises (droughts, floods, heat waves, forest fires, etc.)
As the # of storms increases, so does the economic disruption
This is the new normal. As such, scientists have given our age a new name:
Anthropecene: the human age of the planet
The planet is changing fundamentally as a result of human activity Causing the oceans to be more acidic Changing the Water cycle Warming the atmosphere Melting the Glaciers ` Polluting the air Extinction of other species
The main driver for this is humanity’s massive use of fossil fuels
As a result Carbon Dioxide concentration has increased `
This is what is causing massive disruption to the climate systems
Other factors are at play: Using large amounts of nitrogen based fertilizers Way we are using water ` Carbon Dioxide is making ocean more acidic Chopping Trees to make room for farm land
+ Economic Activity = Increase in Population Planet systems are being threatened
How? By trespassing planetary boundaries
Profound risks in trespassing planetary boundaries
Profound risks in trespassing planetary Sustainable boundariesdevelopment is the science of understanding these risks and what we can do to stay within the safe operating limits
Balancing act: Honor the limits as we continue to improve our wellbeing
We have two paths that we can take: 1 2 Business as Usual Path Sustainable Development Path vs.
Path 1: Business as Usual – entails staying the course
Pros Poverty has declined Technology has advanced Overall progress (economic growth, infant mortality decreasing)
Pros Poverty has declined Cons Boundaries are being trespassed (climate disasters, etc.) Technology has advanced Growth is not inclusive Overall progress (economic growth, infant mortality decreasing) Not sustainable
There has to be a better way, where the growth is inclusive and environmentally sustainable
Path 2: Sustainable Development
By 2030 70% of the population will live in cities
So, the path to sustainable development will be sustainable cities
Smarter Cities Smart Architecture Smart Transport Clean Energy ` Effective Water Use Recycling Sharing
Let’s take some examples
Electric vehicles charged by electricity produced by clean energy
Wind farms used to produce clean energy
Agriculture improvements (e.g. rice that resists flooding)
The path of sustainable development will ensure that everyone (regardless of sex, age, religion, race) has access to food, education and health
The essence of sustainable development is problem solving
A focused, global effort is needed in a short period of time (decades, not centuries) …
To move to a sustainable development path - 84 -
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Developed and Designed by Salahuddin Khawaja email@example.com +1 917 523 6904 More at Decklaration.com ABOUT THE AUTHOR Salah has 14 years of experience, primarily in the Financial Services Industry. Before joining JP Morgan he spent 11 years at Deloitte & Touche helping Fortune 500 clients with various types of Strategic Initiatives. He believes in the power of Presentations, Storytelling and Visual Design. That is why he started Decklaration. Areas of Expertise: Strategy Development, Business Transformation, System Integration, Program & Project Management, Mobile Strategy, Data Analytics, Executive Presentations Sample Clients: Bank of America, Citi , MasterCard
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