Published on January 16, 2008
African American Scientists and Inventors: African American Scientists and Inventors Linda Manhart 6th Grade Ms. Tisdale’s Class 7th Period Science Table of Contents: Table of Contents Dr. Mae C. Jemison Madame C. J. Walker Benjamin Banneker Dr. Charles Drew Dr. Lloyd Hall Mae Jemison: Mae Jemison One of her many degrees includes a Bachelor of Arts in African-American Studies. From 1983-1985 she served in the Peace Corps helping people in Sierra Leone and Liberia, West Africa as the area Peace Corps medical officer. Her first application to NASA into the astronaut program was turned down. Dr. Jemison is one of a kind: Dr. Jemison is one of a kind Dr. Jemison successfully completed her astronaut training program in August 1988, becoming the fifth black astronaut and the first black female astronaut in NASA history. In August 1992, she was part of a joint Japanese SPACELAB J making Mae Jemison the first black woman in space. Insert photo of Dr. Jemison here Insert photo of Dr. Jemison here Madame C. J. Walker: Madame C. J. Walker Sarah Breedlove Walker: from cotton field to millionaire! She was one of the first American women of any race to become a millionaire through her own efforts. Insert photo of Sarah Breedlove Walker’s family home here The Walker System: The Walker System In 1905 Sarah Breedlove developed a conditioning treatment for straightening hair. The process consisted of a shampoo, a pomade "hair-grower", vigorous brushing, and the application of heated iron combs to the hair. Many contribute her with the invention of the hot comb which she used in her system, but did not invent. Her beauty consultants called “Walker Agents” made “house calls.” Insert photo of Sarah Breedlove Walker here Benjamin Banneker: Benjamin Banneker Josef Levi gave him a patent watch and Benjamin knew it was “time” to change his life. Modeling the watch, he made the first striking clock made in America. Later, he taught himself astronomy and mathematics. Soon after, he began publishing an almanac. Insert photo of Benjamin Banneker here Insert photo of Banneker stamp here Dr. Charles Drew: Dr. Charles Drew Dr. Drew is responsible for organizing the concept of the Blood Bank. He has also done a vast amount of research on blood plasma. Received the 29th Spingarn Medal: 1944 In 1981, a U.S. postage stamp was issued in his honor (1981) Insert photo of Dr. Charles Drew here Slide9: After his sister Elsa died of influenza, fourteen-year-old Charles Richard Drew had his first serious thoughts about making medicine his life's career. Little did he know that he would play such a vital role in World War II. All the things that Drew can do! Insert photo of Dr. Charles Drew here Dr. Lloyd Hall: Dr. Lloyd Hall He is responsible for the meat curing products, seasonings, emulsions, bakery products, antioxidants, protein hydrolysates, and many others that keep food safe. Many of the preservatives we use today are based on his research. Along with his co-creator, C. L. Griffith, Hall holds the patent for the sterilization process. He holds over 100 patents. After his retirement, he became a consultant to the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations. Insert photo of Dr. Lloyd Hall here Work Cited: Work Cited (2002). Notable African-American Scientists and Inventors. Retrieved Jun. 17, 2003, from Family Education Network Inc.: http://www.infoplease.com/spot/bhmpeople15.html Brown, M. (2002). The Faces of Science. Retrieved Jun. 17, 2003, http://www.princeton.edu/~mcbrown/display/faces.html Granville T Woods (1856-1910). (Ed.), Hutchinson's Biography Database. Leiser, J. (2002, Dec). Presents a biography of blood bank pioneer Charles Drew. Child Life, 8. 4.