Published on March 6, 2014
African Literacy & Languages Globalization & Internationalization in Education Kasey Rios Asberry Spring 2014
Your perspectives Visualizing literacy Competing trajectories Whose project? South Africa: literacy and languages Back to the future African Literacy & Languages Globalization & Internationalization in Education Spring 2014
Your perspectives • Should education systems invest in teaching people in more than one language? All 14 • Would / do you educate your children in more than one language? All 14
Our objective > Visualizing literacy
Competing Trajectories • Global vs local • Commodification vs heritage
Literacy: whose project? • Literacy objectives: who defines • Literacy implementations: who succeeds? • Literacy outcomes: who benefits?
Business Languages of Africa
Literacy: whose project? Washington Consensus Capability deprivation Control of educational purpose
Language and liberation
“To speak a language is to take on a world, a culture” Frantz Fanon
“Language is never neutral” “Without a “to alienate sense of identity there can be no struggle” humans from their own decisionmaking is to turn them into objects” Paulo Freire
“Only those who do not consider political questions deeply can ignore language questions in South Africa” Neville Alexander
Rock art & alpha bets
Endangered languages • between 6000 - 7000 languages currently spoken • 50-90% of those will have become extinct by the year 2100 • The top 20 languages spoken by more than 50 million speakers each, are spoken by 50% of the world's population, many of the other languages are spoken by small communities, most of them with fewer than 10,000 speakers.
South African Linguistic Context
Languages of South Africa
South African Literacy Context
Literacy: whose project? • Neville Alexander, rights in education • Reclamation goals • Languages and revolution
Concept map: Visualizing literacy
Back to the future
References Allais,S. (2003) The National Qualifications Framework in South Africa: a democratic project trapped in a neo-liberal paradigm? Journal of Education and Work. Vol 16:3 Alexander, N.(1989) Language Policy & National Unity in South Africa/Azania. Buchu Books Babaci-Wilhite,Z., A. Macleans, M. Geo-JaJa, S. Lou (2012) Education and Language: A human right for sustainable development in Africa. Int Rev Educ (2012) 58:619–647 DOI 10.1007/s11159012-9311-7 Fanon, F.(1959) A Dying Colonialism. Grove Press: New York Freire, P. (1970) Pedagogy of the Oppressed. Continuum: New York The Economist (2010) No One Gets Prizes. http://Economist.com./world/middle-east/ Omolewa, M. (2008) Adult Literacy in Africa: The Push and Pull Factors. International Review of Education (2008) 54:697–711 Mafundikwa, S.2004. Afrikan Alphabets: The Story of Writing in Afrika. Mark Batty LLC: New York
Figures • • • • • • • • • Map: Business Languages, AfroGraphique Map: Rock Art & Alphabets in Africa, Mafundikwa Map: Language Families in Africa Map: Language Distribution in South Africa, AACLAN Fanon, Frantz, Wikimedia Alexander, Neville, Wikimedia Paulo Freire, The Freire Project African syllabary: Adinka, Mafundikwa Non-verbal language: Bantu ideograms, Mafundikwa
These slides were prepared for ISED 740: Globalization & Internationalization in Education, a graduate seminar in Education at San Francisco State University, David Hemphill, Professor. African Literacy & Languages Globalization & Internationalization in Education Spring 2014
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