African Americans Migrate

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Published on January 11, 2008

Author: Carmina

Source: authorstream.com

African-Americans Migrate:  African-Americans Migrate Presented By: Alexis D. Ocasio Rohesia C. Hicks African American History Dr. D. Sanders The Migration of Blacks:  The Migration of Blacks The Great Migration was the migration of thousands of African-Americans from the South to the North. (1920’s) African Americans were looking to escape the problems of racism in the South and felt they could seek out better jobs and an overall better life in the North. It is estimated that over 1 million African Americans participated in this mass movement. The Migration of Blacks:  The Migration of Blacks Reasons for this movement: Brought about by the economic changes by W.W. I Empty factory jobs (European Immigrants) Southern agriculture undergoing severe difficulties Constant racism in the SOUTH!!! Southern Whites Reaction:  Southern Whites Reaction At first, the white South was relieved NO MORE blacks!!! NO MORE inferiority!!! But as the migration grew the whites realized the threat it posed Many attacked the migrants and those who supported them More WHITE Reaction:  More WHITE Reaction Fines and jail time was given to supporters of the migrants People were stopped, accused, and threatened if they helped Licenses to recruit required $1,000 or jail time for sixty days In Macon, Georgia, the fee was $25,000 White Reaction Escalates:  White Reaction Escalates People come back from the war with NO JOB!!! “the blacks have taken over” NORTHERN WHITES become RACIST towards the BLACKS VIOLENCE BROKE OUT!!!!!! Race riots of 1919 Bombing of black owned houses Lynching NATIONAL RIOT!!!:  NATIONAL RIOT!!! Washington, D.C. in late July A light skinned black crossed and passed the color line at a local beach WHITES drowned the BLACK MAN The white POLICE officer refused to arrest the white killers BLACKS REVOLT against the POLICEMAN!! Little was done about AUTHORITY until BLACKS armed themselves Emergence of a BLACK LEADERSHIP:  Emergence of a BLACK LEADERSHIP The year 1919 marked a turning point in AMERICAN HISTORY!! As far as racial violence is concerned, blacks openly fought back in greater numbers than ever The “NEW NEGRO” was born Great Migration created the 1st “mass national movement” among African blacks EMERGENCE OF MARCUS GARVEY:  EMERGENCE OF MARCUS GARVEY A West Indian black who came to the USA His message was based on the conviction that blacks must create their own Independent Nation!!! WHY???? Because they would never receive justice in a WHITE MAN’S country Attracted many West Indians at first but it eventually appealed to many emigrant SOUTHERN BLACKS NORTHERN PROMISED LAND offered neither PROMISE nor LAND!!!! MARCUS GARVEY:  MARCUS GARVEY Proposed to set up a “ZION” in Africa, the ancestral homeland of black people OPPRESSION of GARVEY: Opposed by both WHITE and BLACK, GARVEY was convicted of questionable offenses He was in prison and then deported CHICAGO DEFENDER:  CHICAGO DEFENDER Robert S. Abbot in 1905 founded Accurate account of information showing why blacks left the SOUTH Chicago, Cleveland, New York, New Jersey, Indiana, Detroit Chicago’s population tripled ACCOUNT #1:  ACCOUNT #1 Dear Sir: I have learned of the splendid work which you are doing in placing colored men in touch with industrial opportunities. I therefore write you to ask if you have an opening anywhere for me. I am a college graduate and understand Bookkeeping. But I am not above hard labor in a foundry or other establishment. Please let me know if you can place me. Pages: 232-240 ACCOUNT #2:  ACCOUNT #2 Dear Sir: I am a reader of the Chicago Defender. I am writing to see if you all will please get me a job. And Sir I can wash dishes, was iron nursing world in a groceries and dry good stores. Just any of these I can do. Sir, who so ever you get the job from please tell them to send me a ticket and I will pay them. When I get their as I have not enough money to pay my way. I am a girl of 17 years old and in the 8 grade at Knox Academy School. But an account of not having money enough I had to stop school. Sir I will thank you all with my all my heart. May God Bless you all. Please answer in return mail. Slide14:  HOW DO THESE ACCOUNTS MAKE U FEEL!!!!!????? and now: THE HARLEM RENNAISAINCE:  and now: THE HARLEM RENNAISAINCE It was a cultural nationalistic movement caused by the GREAT MIGRATION "something like a spiritual emancipation.“ originally called the “NEW NEGRO MOVEMENT” The H.R. was a literary and intellectual flowering that fostered a new black cultural identity in the 1920s and 1930s "spiritual coming of age" in which the black community was able to seize upon its "first chances for group expression and self determination." HARLEM RENNAISAINCE:  HARLEM RENNAISAINCE The Harlem Renaissance transformed African-American identity and history Also transformed American culture in general Never before had so many Americans read the thoughts of African-Americans and embraced the African-American community's productions, expressions, and style Harlem Renaissance :  Harlem Renaissance Black Migration, south to north, changed their image from rural to urban, from peasant to sophisticate Harlem became a crossroads where blacks interacted with and expanded their contacts internationally A rich source for racial imagination and it freed the blacks from the establishment of past condition Slide18:  Archibald J. Motley Jr. depicted contemporary black social nightlife in the city Chicago’s Bronzeville neighborhood, also known as the Black Belt, became home to more than 90 percent of the city’s black population by the 1930s Nightlife, one of Bronzeville’s many nightspots, figures seem to have left the world’s troubles behind. Inside the club, there is nothing but exuberant, upbeat energy. The dancers’ pulsing, jumping movements are suggestive of jazz. ART/JAZZ BLACK POETS SING:  BLACK POETS SING Countee Cullen Langston Hughes Countee Cullen:  Countee Cullen Cullen, Countee , 1903–46, American poet, writer of the Harlem Renaissance— a flowering of black artistic and literary talent in the 1920s— Cullen wrote poetry inspired by American black life. His technique was conventional, modeled on that of John Keats, and his mood passed from racial pride and optimism in the 1920s to sadness and disappointment in the 1930s. Among his volumes of verse are Color (1925), Copper Sun (1927), The Ballad of the Brown Girl (1927), and On These I Stand (1947). Countee Cullen:  Countee Cullen Incident Once riding in old Baltimore, Heart-filled, head-filled with glee; I saw a Baltimorean Keep looking straight at me. Now I was eight and very small, And he was no whit bigger, And so I smiled, but he poked out His tongue, and called me, "Nigger." I saw the whole of Baltimore From May until December; Of all the things that happened there That's all that I remember. Langston Hughes:  Langston Hughes Joplin, Missouri, was a member of an abolitionist family. first published poem was "The Negro Speaks of Rivers“ poems, short plays, essays and short stories appeared in the NAACP publication Crisis Magazine and other publications. sixteen books of poems, two novels, three collections of short stories, four volumes of "editorial" and "documentary" fiction, twenty plays, children's poetry, musicals and operas, three autobiographies, a dozen radio and television scripts and dozens of magazine articles and edited seven anthologies. died of cancer on May 22, 1967. East 127th Street was renamed "Langston Hughes Place" by New York City Preservation Commission. Ku Klux:  Ku Klux They took me out To some lonesome place. They said, "Do you believe In the great white race?" I said, "Mister, To tell you the truth, I'd believe in anything If you'd just turn me loose." The white man said, "Boy, Can it be You're a-standin' there A-sassin' me?" They hit me in the head And knocked me down. And then they kicked me On the ground. A Klansman said, "Nigger, Look me in the face-- And tell me you believe in The great white race." CONCLUSION:  CONCLUSION SUMMARIZE CHAPTER M&M Survey Quiz/Review QUESTIONS/ANSWERS Slide25:  CREATED BY: Alexis D Ocasio & Rohesia Hicks

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