Published on January 20, 2009
From Africa to America
African-American Historiography 1619 – 1808: Slave Trade 1808 – mid-1800s: Africa as “Dark Continent” 1820s-1880s:Ethiopianism 1880s-1920s:Black Nationalism A. New Negro Movement / Harlem Renaissance B. Diasporal Studies C. European “Discovery” of African Artwork 1920s-1990s: Rise of “African-American History” A. Rise of professional African-American History B. Exploration of African past & integration with African-American History 1. Discovery of Ancient African Kingdoms (Ghana, Mali & Songhay) 2. Research on the dynamics of the slave trade 3. Exploration of African/African-American contribution to American society & culture 4. Integration of African-American History into the larger “American” historical narrative.
Ancient African Empires
Transatlantic Slave Trade Maafa: Kiswahili word meaning “disaster,” It was introduced by activists in the 1990s to denote the Holocaust of the slave trade, enslavement & colonization of Africans. The trade began in the late 1400s with the Portuguese exploration of the West African coast. Spanish shipped first known “cargo” of African slaves in 1502. From 1502 – 1867 ~ 10 million Africans survived the transatlantic slave trade 27,000 slaving expeditions Roughly 74 ships per year Average of one ship every five days for 365 years 2.2 million people transported prior to 1700. ~ 8 million people transported between 1700 & 1810. About 80% of the total. Peaked in the 1780s, when 80,000 slaves a year were shipped across the Atlantic.
~ 10 million Africans survived the transatlantic slave trade
27,000 slaving expeditions
Roughly 74 ships per year
Average of one ship every five days for 365 years
2.2 million people transported prior to 1700.
~ 8 million people transported between 1700 & 1810. About 80% of the total.
Peaked in the 1780s, when 80,000 slaves a year were shipped across the Atlantic.
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