Published on February 16, 2009
Sectional Crisis 40 year of misunderstanding over expansion of slavery & powers of federal government Missouri Compromise Nullification Crisis of 1832 After Mexican-American War Wilmot Proviso Compromise of 1850 Kansas-Nebraska Acts of 1854
Compromise of 1850
Apparent Causes of the War Radical Abolitionism Liberty, Free Soil & Republican Parties “Bleeding Kansas” Dred Scott Decision Ascent of Lincoln
Dred Scott Decision
Purported Cause of the War “This is a white man’s war.” ~ Popular Shibboleth Politicians assert war was fought over different interpretations of the Constitution. Did the Constitution create: An indissoluble union in which state identity was subsumed by national identity? A confederation of convenience in which the federal government had power over matters of foreign policy & trade alone, but not over the internal politics of states?
Lincoln’s Tight-Wire Act Lincoln maintained this was a war to preserve the Union & not to end slavery.Promised to protect the rights of slave-holders within the South.Wanted to check the expansion of slavery in the Western territories.Balked at enlisting black troops: Feared alienating slave-holding Union states Preferred colonization Could not see whites & blacks living as equals in America
A War to End Slavery Abolitionists & African-American activists saw this as a war to end slavery. Frederick Douglass: “Any attempt now to separate the freedom of the slave from the victory of the government—any attempt to secure peace to the whites while leaving the blacks in chains—will be labor lost.” As such, blacks quickly moved to form volunteer militia companies & to volunteer to serve in battle. Lincoln ignored their requests.
Emancipation Came in stages as an exigency of war: Contraband Confiscation Acts Provisional & Final Emancipation Proclamations(Did no grant universal emancipation.) WLNL led a massive petition drive to secure 13th Amendment
Black Military Service Black Volunteer Companies (1861) Militia Act of 1862 Final Emancipation Proclamation (1863) USCT Bureau in War Department Blacks Served Proportionally to Whites Issues of Rank & Pay Confederacy denies rights to black POWs
Remember Fort Pillow
“Then on the charge!”
African American History Month Home; About; ... Voices from the Southern Civil Rights Movement ... African American History at America’s National Parks .
American Civil War History. Civil War 150 Interactive. Slavery in America. Civil War Technology. Spying in the Civil War. Civil War Culture. Black Civil ...
... the antislavery movement in pre-Civil War ... most influential African-American civil rights ... Black History; Quiz: African-American History ...
Explore black history milestones and events that shaped African-American history, including the Civil War, abolition of slavery and civil rights movement.
Civil War history is often presented in terms of white Northern actors fighting against white Southerners, with African Americans waiting on the sides as ...
... that shaped African-American history, from slavery and abolitionism to the Harlem Renaissance and civil rights ... in War; African-American ...
... Information And Articles About Black History ... African American in the Civil War. ... Frederick Pennsylvania “The Future of Civil War History: ...
African American History Timeline: ... 1619 The first African American indentured servants arrive in the American colonies. ... 1861 The Civil War begins.
... information and articles about African Americans In The Civil War, from Black History African ... over 179,000 African American men served ...
African American Research; African American Reference Reports; Slavery Records; ... The National Archives and Black Women's History in the Civil War Era, ...