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Africa Unit 3

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Information about Africa Unit 3
Education

Published on April 2, 2008

Author: Susann

Source: authorstream.com

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Geography of Africa:  Geography of Africa Africa Unit The Continent of Africa:  The Continent of Africa Five Geographic Regions of Africa:  Five Geographic Regions of Africa Africa Unit North Africa:  North Africa North Africa:  North Africa West Africa:  West Africa West Africa:  West Africa East Africa:  East Africa East Africa:  East Africa South Africa:  South Africa South Africa:  South Africa Central Africa:  Central Africa Central Africa:  Central Africa Countries of Africa:  Countries of Africa Africa Unit Slide16:  How well do you know the countries of Africa? Click on the words above to play a review game. Desertification:  Desertification Desertification – The spreading of a desert region The region of Sahel is most affected by the spreading desert. Great Rift Valley:  Great Rift Valley Great Rift Valley – 4,000 mile giant fault, or break in the earth’s crust. From Red Sea to Zambezi River. Evidence has found that the earliest Africans first lived in this area. Rivers:  Rivers Climate and Diversity:  Climate and Diversity Geography of Africa Review:  Geography of Africa Review Early Civilizations of Africa:  Early Civilizations of Africa Africa Unit Where Civilization Began:  Where Civilization Began Bantu Migration:  Bantu Migration Kingdom of Kush (Nubia):  Kingdom of Kush (Nubia) Approximately 2000 B.C. – 200 A.D. Kush and Nubia are the same place It developed along the Nile River in present day Sudan Fought with Egypt over control of the Nile River Kingdom of Kush (Nubia):  Kingdom of Kush (Nubia) Slide34:  These are the pyramid of Ancient Nubia. They were used as tombs. Although they are similar to those of Ancient Egypt, they have some differences. Compare these pyramids with those of ancient Egypt. Slide35:  Nubian Pyramids Slide36:  I K W T N D One reason little was known about the culture was that they did not write down their history until late in ancient times. Another reason is that they were isolated geographically. Outside people would need to cross harsh desert or many waterfalls, called cataracts, to reach Nubia. Nubian writing was similar to Egyptian writing but developed into a completely separate language later in time. Kingdom of Axum:  Kingdom of Axum Black Africans Approximately 300 A.D. – 900 A.D. Important center of trade Kingdom of Axum:  Kingdom of Axum Axum / Kush Venn Diagram:  Axum / Kush Venn Diagram The Gold – Salt Trade:  The Gold – Salt Trade Slide42:  Ghana became a rich and powerful nation, especially when the camel began to be used as a source of transport. Ghana relied on trade and trade was made faster and bigger with the use of the camel. Empire of Ghana:  Empire of Ghana Empire of Ghana:  Empire of Ghana The Empire of Ghana:  The Empire of Ghana Slide47:  After 700 AD, the religion of Islam began to spread over northern Africa. Followers of this religion are called Muslims. Muslim warriors came into Ghana and fought with the non-Islamic people there. This weakened the great civilization of Ghana. Local warriors then decided to break away from the power of Ghana and form their own local kingdoms. This ended many of the trade networks. This eventually weakened the civilization of Ancient Ghana. Islamic Mosque in Ghana Empire of Ghana Falls:  Empire of Ghana Falls The Empire of Mali is Born:  The Empire of Mali is Born The Empire of Mali:  The Empire of Mali Influence of Islam:  Influence of Islam Slide53:  Perhaps the greatest king of Mali was Mansa Musa (1307-1337). He developed the gold and salt trade of Mali and his kingdom became very powerful and rich. In 1324 Mansa Musa made a pilgrimage to Mecca, with 60,000 followers and 80 camels carrying more than 4,000 pounds of gold to be distributed among the poor. Slide54:  When Mansa Musa died there were no kings as powerful as he was to follow. Eventually a group of people known as Berbers came into the area and other people came up from the south to form the kingdom of Songhay. The Berbers still live in North Africa. This picture, taken in 1893, shows a Berber group. Ghana / Mali Venn Diagram:  Ghana / Mali Venn Diagram Kingdom of Songhay (Songhai):  Kingdom of Songhay (Songhai) 1450A.D. – 1600A.D. The Golden Age of Africa The people of Songhay were farmers and fisherman who lived along the Niger River of West Africa. Sunni Ali:  Sunni Ali By 1464 – Sunni Ali, gained power in Gao Because of the fall of Mali traders could not travel safely Sunni Ali was looking to restore order Sunni Ali based his military on a cavalry that conquered Timbuktu, and the other major cities of the Mali. Askia Muhammad:  Askia Muhammad Kingdom of Songhai:  Kingdom of Songhai The Fall of Songhay:  The Fall of Songhay Songhai fell in 1591 to invaders from Morocco They were attracted to Mali’s wealth The Morocco soldiers won because they had guns and cannons Why was this the Golden Age?:  Why was this the Golden Age? The Forest Kingdom of Benin:  The Forest Kingdom of Benin The Forest Kingdom of Benin (Bronze Art):  The Forest Kingdom of Benin (Bronze Art) Early African Culture:  Early African Culture Africa Unit Family Ties:  Family Ties Farming and herding societies consisted of extended families Kinships created strong bonds and a sense of community Structure of African Society:  Structure of African Society Inheritance and Descent:  Inheritance and Descent Status of Women:  Status of Women Patterns of Government:  Patterns of Government Economic Organization:  Economic Organization Most villagers were subsistence farmers – They produced only enough food for their own needs with little or no surplus Fallow – allowing the land to regenerate important minerals needed to grow crops Land was community property The Age Grade System:  The Age Grade System African Religions:  African Religions Animism:  Animism Diviners and Healers:  Diviners and Healers Rooted in Tradition Their purpose was to explain the cause of misfortune Experts in herbal medicine Today, doctors study the roots and herbs used in traditional African healing The Slave Trade:  The Slave Trade Africa Unit How Does The Slave Trade Begin?:  How Does The Slave Trade Begin? How Does The Slave Trade Begin?:  How Does The Slave Trade Begin? Triangular Slave Trade:  Triangular Slave Trade Triangular Slave Trade:  Triangular Slave Trade The Middle Passage:  The Middle Passage Triangular Slave Trade:  Triangular Slave Trade The Atlantic Slave Trade:  The Atlantic Slave Trade Negros for Sale?:  Negros for Sale? Why was there a slave trade?:  Why was there a slave trade? Ending the Slave Trade:  Ending the Slave Trade Why did the slave trade end?:  Why did the slave trade end? African Diaspora:  African Diaspora The slave trade sent millions of Africans overseas this created a scattering of individuals Survivors struggled to hold on to their culture African people and their culture of food, music, dance, and tradition was spread across a wide area. Age of Imperialism:  Age of Imperialism Africa Unit Imperialism (Colonialism) (Colonization):  Imperialism (Colonialism) (Colonization) Main Cause of African Imperialism:  Main Cause of African Imperialism Causes of African Imperialism:  Causes of African Imperialism Slide97:  The White Man's Burden By Rudyard Kipling Take up the White Man's burden-- Send forth the best ye breed-- Go, bind your sons to exile To serve your captives' need; To wait, in heavy harness, On fluttered folk and wild-- Your new-caught sullen peoples, Half devil and half child. Take up the White Man's burden-- In patience to abide, To veil the threat of terror And check the show of pride; By open speech and simple, An hundred times made plain, To seek another's profit And work another's gain. Take up the White Man's burden-- The savage wars of peace-- Fill full the mouth of Famine, And bid the sickness cease; And when your goal is nearest (The end for others sought) Watch sloth and heathen folly Bring all your hope to nought. Take up the White Man's burden-- No iron rule of kings, But toil of serf and sweeper-- The tale of common things. The ports ye shall not enter, The roads ye shall not tread, Go, make them with your living And mark them with your dead. Take up the White Man's burden, And reap his old reward. Boers (Dutch) vs. British:  Boers (Dutch) vs. British The Berlin Conference:  The Berlin Conference The Scramble for Colonies:  The Scramble for Colonies New Patterns of Government:  New Patterns of Government African Independence :  African Independence Africa Unit Steps to African Independence:  Steps to African Independence Steps to African Independence:  Steps to African Independence Kenya Fights for Independence:  Kenya Fights for Independence Kenya Fights for Independence:  Kenya Fights for Independence Apartheid in South Africa:  Apartheid in South Africa Africa Unit Origins of Apartheid:  Origins of Apartheid The Republic of South Africa:  The Republic of South Africa Struggle Against Apartheid:  Struggle Against Apartheid Apartheid Ends:  Apartheid Ends If Everyone Cared No. 1 on VH1’s Top 20 01/20/2007:  If Everyone Cared No. 1 on VH1’s Top 20 01/20/2007

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