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Information about aep klia

Published on January 14, 2009

Author: AiDY

Source: slideshare.net

LEARNING & DEVELOPMENT MANAGEMENT “ BASIC AIRPORTS OPERATIONS COURSE ” AERODROME EMERGENCY PLAN ( KLIA ) by MUSTAFA KAMAL ALANG OTHMAN SENIOR MANAGER AVSEC / AFRS MALAYSIA AIRPORTS HOLDINGS BERHAD

Annex 14 - Aerodrome Chapter 9. Emergency and Other Services 9.1 Aerodrome Emergency Planning 9.1.1 An aerodrome emergency plan shall be established at an aerodrome, commensurate with the aircraft operations and other activities conducted at the aerodrome.

Aerodrome Emergency Plan The Airport Emergency Plan ( AEP ) encompasses contingency plans to achieve the coordinated actions to be taken by all agencies involved in response to emergencies at an airport. The AEP provide a clear chain of command and control established from the executive level to the field operators. The AEP is a living document and the requires actions and roles of the various key personnel and organizations may be reviewed from time to time

Glossary of term Aerodrome Emergency Reference Point The AERP is a mid-point of cross points drawn between threshold of runway 32 R / Runway 14 L Runway 32 L and centre point is at roundabout Satellite ‘A’. Rendezvous Point The RVP is the closest direct access to an accident site where all emergency support vehicles will congregate to await escort to the crash / accident site. Two RVP’s have been established at KLIA namely:- i. RVP 1 at gate ADU Access to Runway 1 is via Gate ADU ii. RVP 2 at Car Park VVIP Complex Access to Runway 2 is via crash gate Runway 14 R

Aerodrome Emergency Reference Point

The AERP is a mid-point of cross points drawn between threshold of runway 32 R / Runway 14 L Runway 32 L and centre point is at roundabout Satellite ‘A’.

Rendezvous Point

The RVP is the closest direct access to an accident site where all emergency support vehicles will congregate to await escort to the crash / accident site. Two RVP’s have been established at KLIA namely:-

i. RVP 1 at gate ADU

Access to Runway 1 is via Gate ADU

ii. RVP 2 at Car Park VVIP Complex

Access to Runway 2 is via crash gate Runway 14 R

Glossary of term Crash Gate A Crash Gate located at respective runway ends provides access to and from the airfield to the crash / accident site Designated Isolated Aircraft parking Area A designated area to route (if airborne) of isolated an aircraft subject to specific bomb warning or hijack incident. Two (2) IAPAs established at KLIA include: Site 1 : Compass Swing Bay near Runway 2, 32 L Site 2 : Taxiway Alpha between Intersection A1 and A2 Runway 1,14 L

Crash Gate

A Crash Gate located at respective runway ends provides access to and from the airfield to the crash / accident site

Designated Isolated Aircraft parking Area

A designated area to route (if airborne) of isolated an aircraft subject to specific bomb warning or hijack incident. Two (2) IAPAs established at KLIA include:

Site 1 : Compass Swing Bay near Runway 2, 32 L

Site 2 : Taxiway Alpha between Intersection A1 and A2 Runway 1,14 L

Aircraft Crash Emergency action is required for an aircraft crash that has occurred:- Within KLIA perimeter fencing ( ON KLIA ) Outside KLIA perimeter fencing and within 8 km radius from AERP, KLIA ( Off Airport ) Outside 8 km radius from the AERP KLIA ( Off Airport ) Aircraft Crash On Airport is declared when an aircraft has crashed on the runway or approach areas within 1 kilometer from the threshold or within the airport’s perimeter fencing. Aircraft Accident Off Airport is declared when an aircraft accident has occurred outside the airport’s perimeter fencing and within 8 kilometer radius ( AFRS Response Area ) or outside 8 kilometer radius from the AERP KLIA ( Police Response Area )

Emergency action is required for an aircraft crash that has occurred:-

Within KLIA perimeter fencing ( ON KLIA )

Outside KLIA perimeter fencing and within 8 km radius from AERP, KLIA ( Off Airport )

Outside 8 km radius from the AERP KLIA ( Off Airport )

Aircraft Crash On Airport is declared when an aircraft has crashed on the runway or approach areas within 1 kilometer from the threshold or within the airport’s perimeter fencing.

Aircraft Accident Off Airport is declared when an aircraft accident has occurred outside the airport’s perimeter fencing and within 8 kilometer radius ( AFRS Response Area ) or outside 8 kilometer radius from the AERP KLIA ( Police Response Area )

Aircraft On Airport Response Activation And Alerting Sequence Activation of AFRS and AOC is done by ATC KLIA followed by alerting of all emergency support departments / agencies by AOC. Rescue and Fire Fighting AFRS provides immediate response in rescue & fire-fighting. Jabatan Bomba and Civil Defense reinforces by deployment of manpower and equipment. Command and Control AFRS Co is the commander of the rescue and fire-fighting operations and a senior AVSEC will assume overall command of the incident prior to arrival of Head of Police, KLIA

Activation And Alerting Sequence

Activation of AFRS and AOC is done by ATC KLIA followed by alerting of all emergency support departments / agencies by AOC.

Rescue and Fire Fighting

AFRS provides immediate response in rescue & fire-fighting. Jabatan Bomba and Civil Defense reinforces by deployment of manpower and equipment.

Command and Control

AFRS Co is the commander of the rescue and fire-fighting operations and a senior AVSEC will assume overall command of the incident prior to arrival of Head of Police, KLIA

Aircrash On Airport Response Casualty Management and Conveyance Overall Medical Co-ordinator and Medical Field Co-ordinator are responsible for the activation of medical back-up and casualty management ( triage, first-aid, co-ordination and conveyance of casualties ) at the ADU and crash site. Headcount of ‘Person-On-Board’ Police Field Co-ordinator / Medical Field Commander will be responsible for headcount at the Triage Area. Command Post will record the movement and report to the CCC Crisis Control Centre CCCs’ role will be to manage, provide an overview, guidance, media response and act as the overall controlling authority

Casualty Management and Conveyance

Overall Medical Co-ordinator and Medical Field Co-ordinator are responsible for the activation of medical back-up and casualty management ( triage, first-aid, co-ordination and conveyance of casualties ) at the ADU and crash site.

Headcount of ‘Person-On-Board’

Police Field Co-ordinator / Medical Field Commander will be responsible for headcount at the Triage Area. Command Post will record the movement and report to the CCC

Crisis Control Centre

CCCs’ role will be to manage, provide an overview, guidance, media response and act as the overall controlling authority

Aircrash On Airport response Temporary Mortuary The Police will be responsible to co-ordinate / approve removal of dead bodies. Disaster Victim Identification Unit / forensic pathologists will carry-out the investigation and identification of the deceased. Issuance of Press Releases The first press statement should be released within one hour after incident. Subsequent statements should be released on half hour or hourly basis. Removal of Crashed Aircraft Removals is subject to release by DCA Chief Inspector of Accidents. Recovery operations shall involved the Facilitation Committee which shall co-ordinate support for Aircraft Recovery Team at site

Temporary Mortuary

The Police will be responsible to co-ordinate / approve removal of dead bodies. Disaster Victim Identification Unit / forensic pathologists will carry-out the investigation and identification of the deceased.

Issuance of Press Releases

The first press statement should be released within one hour after incident. Subsequent statements should be released on half hour or hourly basis.

Removal of Crashed Aircraft

Removals is subject to release by DCA Chief Inspector of Accidents. Recovery operations shall involved the Facilitation Committee which shall co-ordinate support for Aircraft Recovery Team at site

ALERTING SEQUENCE – AIRCRAFT CRASH KLIA ATC ROYAL MALAYSIAN POLICE-KLIA NATIONAL SECURITY COUNCIL SMART SOS / AVSEC HEALTH AIRLINE / HANDLING AGENT CIVIL DEFENCE IMMIGRATION CUSTOM PETRONAS/SHELL AFRS STATION 1 CRASH CCC AFR STATION 2 AOC

MAJOR INCIDENT MANAGEMENT PLAN DCA-ATC AIRPORT FIRE AND RESCUE SERVICES AIRPORT OPERATIONS CENTRE

Aircrash Off Airport Response Activation and Alerting Sequence ATC will activate AFRS response if the aircraft crashed within 8 kilometer radius from AERP . ATC will notify PDRM if any civil aircraft crashed outside the 8 kilometers radius from AERP, KLIA. Rescue and Fire-Fighting AFRS will response to the crash site if it is within 8 kilometers radius from AERP, KLIA but if the site is far from the airport, AFRS may response based on humanitarian ground after consultation with ATC and Airport Management. Command and Control In an instance, the crash site is outside the 8 kilometers radius, Jabatan Bomba will command the rescue and fire-fighting operations and a Senior Police Officer will assume the overall command of the incident

Activation and Alerting Sequence

ATC will activate AFRS response if the aircraft crashed within 8 kilometer radius from AERP . ATC will notify PDRM if any civil aircraft crashed outside the 8 kilometers radius from AERP, KLIA.

Rescue and Fire-Fighting

AFRS will response to the crash site if it is within 8 kilometers radius from AERP, KLIA but if the site is far from the airport, AFRS may response based on humanitarian ground after consultation with ATC and Airport Management.

Command and Control

In an instance, the crash site is outside the 8 kilometers radius, Jabatan Bomba will command the rescue and fire-fighting operations and a Senior Police Officer will assume the overall command of the incident

Aircraft Ground Incident Aircraft Ground Incident is declared for an aircraft on the Ground suspected to be involved in an accident which May Endanger the safety of the aircraft or its passengers. If Aircraft Ground Incident is upgraded to Aircraft Crash, Activation and alerting as per Aircraft Crash On KLIA procedures.

Aircraft Ground Incident Examples : Aircraft damaged due to handling landing. Aircraft’s tyre burst on landing. parked aircraft damaged due to accident or collision with apron vehicle. Parked aircraft damaged due to extreme weather condition e.g strong wind. Aircraft immobilized on runway or taxiway. Severe fuel spillage from aircraft. A bomb or suspect article is found on an aircraft on the ground.

Examples :

Aircraft damaged due to handling landing.

Aircraft’s tyre burst on landing.

parked aircraft damaged due to accident or collision with apron vehicle.

Parked aircraft damaged due to extreme weather condition e.g strong wind.

Aircraft immobilized on runway or taxiway.

Severe fuel spillage from aircraft.

A bomb or suspect article is found on an aircraft on the ground.

Full Emergency Full Emergency ( FE ) is declared when an aircraft approaching the airport is known or suspected to be in difficulty and there is an imminent danger of an accident. Upon declaration of FE , airport operational units and support organizations / agencies is to mobilize available resources for immediate response at the designated rendezvous point

Full Emergency Response AFRS will turn out a full aircraft attendance and deployed at any predetermined standby positions along the runway. If the aircraft crashed or exploded, carry out full Aircraft Crash On Airport procedures. If aircraft landed, with approval from ATC , AFRS vehicles will follow the aircraft on the runway, taxiway and to the stop position. ATC may cancelled the Full Emergency after the aircraft has landed safety and all appliances to return to base. AFRS to notify Jabatan Bomba on the termination of the Full Emergency status by ATC.

AFRS will turn out a full aircraft attendance and deployed at any predetermined standby positions along the runway.

If the aircraft crashed or exploded, carry out full Aircraft Crash On Airport procedures.

If aircraft landed, with approval from ATC , AFRS vehicles will follow the aircraft on the runway, taxiway and to the stop position.

ATC may cancelled the Full Emergency after the aircraft has landed safety and all appliances to return to base.

AFRS to notify Jabatan Bomba on the termination of the Full Emergency status by ATC.

Local Standby Local Standby is declared when an aircraft is known or suspected to have developed some defect, but which would not normally involve any difficulty in affecting its landing. Local Standby when initiated will involve response from airport operational units only. The objective is to alert from airport organizations to make necessary preparation for immediate response in the event of an accident occurring during the landing of the aircraft.

Bomb Threat Bomb threat is declared when the safety of an aircraft or building is endangered by a bomb or any other explosive device. If a bomb or suspected explosive device has been found, but NOT on an aircraft, take necessary actions as stipulated in the Act OF Aggression Ground

Bomb Threat Response Bomb Threat information or warning can be received whilst aircraft is airborne or on ground. If a bomb or suspect article is found on an aircraft on the ground, the procedures to be followed is described under Aircraft Ground Incident. If a bomb, suspect explosive article or bombing occurs at terminal building, refer to ACT OF Aggression Ground procedures

Bomb Threat information or warning can be received whilst aircraft is airborne or on ground. If a bomb or suspect article is found on an aircraft on the ground, the procedures to be followed is described under Aircraft Ground Incident.

If a bomb, suspect explosive article or bombing occurs at terminal building, refer to ACT OF Aggression Ground procedures

Bomb Threat Incident Initiation For foreign airlines, AOC will initiate Bomb Threat procedures and notify members of the Airport Evaluation Committee (AEC ), respective airline and ATC. If the threat is directed at MAS aircraft, AOC to relay information to MAS Flight Management Centre Categorization A threat may be classified as a Hoax (Non-Specific) or Genuine (Specific Threat ) based on the AEC threat assessment method. MAS Assessment Team categorize Bomb Threat as Specific PTI or Non- Specific. Command and Control If threat is PTI / Specific, AVSEC will act as Bomb Threat Field C0- ordinator. If objects is identified positive Police Incident Officer will become Overall Commander of Security Operations. AODM is the Overall Co-ordinator for Bomb Threat procedures

Initiation

For foreign airlines, AOC will initiate Bomb Threat procedures and notify members of the Airport Evaluation Committee (AEC ), respective airline and ATC. If the threat is directed at MAS aircraft, AOC to relay information to MAS Flight Management Centre

Categorization

A threat may be classified as a Hoax (Non-Specific) or Genuine (Specific Threat ) based on the AEC threat assessment method. MAS Assessment Team categorize Bomb Threat as Specific PTI or Non- Specific.

Command and Control

If threat is PTI / Specific, AVSEC will act as Bomb Threat Field C0- ordinator. If objects is identified positive Police Incident Officer will become Overall Commander of Security Operations. AODM is the Overall Co-ordinator for Bomb Threat procedures

Threat Assessors Airport Evaluation Committee GM MA (Sepang) - Chairman AODM Head of Police,KLIA Senior Representative of Airline Operators Committee Station Manager / Deputy / Threat Assessors of the Airline Manager AVSEC - Secretary MAS Assessment Team MAS Chief Pilot ( Flight Safety and Standards ) / Alternate Mas Security Manager (SM) / Alternate Mas Line Maintenance Manager (LMM) / Alternate Decision by any 3 members of the AEC which includes the Chairman and Airline representative is final. Decision must be made within 15 minutes from the timed receipt of the information. Any decision by Threat assessors will be recorded and submitted as a Police Report.

Airport Evaluation Committee

GM MA (Sepang) - Chairman

AODM

Head of Police,KLIA

Senior Representative of Airline Operators Committee

Station Manager / Deputy / Threat Assessors of the Airline

Manager AVSEC - Secretary

MAS Assessment Team

MAS Chief Pilot ( Flight Safety and Standards ) / Alternate

Mas Security Manager (SM) / Alternate

Mas Line Maintenance Manager (LMM) / Alternate

Decision by any 3 members of the AEC which includes the Chairman and Airline representative is final.

Decision must be made within 15 minutes from the timed receipt of the information. Any decision by Threat assessors will be recorded and submitted as a Police Report.

Aircraft Hijack Aircraft Hijack is declared when it is known or suspected that an aircraft has been unlawfully seized whilst in the air or on the ground. Unlawful seizure of an aircraft is an act of air piracy and a violation of both Malaysian and International Law.

Crisis Management Aircraft Hijack Codeword Malaysia has standard Codeword “Ops Rampas” in the case of an unlawful seizure of aircraft. National Policy 1). To condemn any forms of terrorism 2). To ensure safety of hostage and property 3). To ensure settlement by means of negotiation 4). To storm hijacked aircraft as a last resort 5). To ensure no concession or exchange of hostage Command and Control Authority A hierarchical command structure works through committee system as per NSC Directives No 18

Aircraft Hijack Codeword

Malaysia has standard Codeword “Ops Rampas” in the case of an unlawful seizure of aircraft.

National Policy

1). To condemn any forms of terrorism

2). To ensure safety of hostage and property

3). To ensure settlement by means of negotiation

4). To storm hijacked aircraft as a last resort

5). To ensure no concession or exchange of hostage

Command and Control Authority

A hierarchical command structure works through committee system as per NSC Directives No 18

Act OF Aggression On Ground Act Of Aggression On Ground is declared upon receiving information about bomb threat, armed or violence attacks at terminal, hostage taking and other acts of terrorism at the airport

Act Of Aggression Evaluation Committee Threat assessors as indicated in Aircraft Ground Incident - Bomb Threat ( excluding DCA Director) but including the Manager of the premise which have targeted. Classification Class A - NFA Class B - To Search and Evacuate Class C - To Search Suspected Area with Only Partial Evacuation Class D - To Evacuate Without Search Bomb Threat Assessors are required to attend to the scene of incident

Evaluation Committee

Threat assessors as indicated in Aircraft Ground Incident - Bomb Threat ( excluding DCA Director) but including the Manager of the premise which have targeted.

Classification

Class A - NFA

Class B - To Search and Evacuate

Class C - To Search Suspected Area with Only Partial Evacuation

Class D - To Evacuate Without Search

Bomb Threat Assessors are required to attend to the scene of incident

Structural Fire Structural Fire is declared when there is a fire at the airport terminal or nearby buildings which is liable to constitute a danger to aircraft and airport operations. AFRS will provides the initial response to structural fires until the arrival of Senior Jabatan Bomba Official who will assume overall command of the rescue and fire-fighting operations.

Dangerous Good Incident Dangerous Goods Accident / Incident is declared when it is known or suspected that dangerous good being carried on board an aircraft are damaged and caused leakage of fluid, acids, poisons, compressed gases or radioactive materials etc. which could result in fatal or serious injury to person or major property damage.

Dangerous Goods Incident Classification Class 1 - Explosives Class 2 - Compressed Gases Class 3 - Flammable Liquids Class 4 - Flammable Solids Class 5 - Oxidizing Substances Class 6 - Poisonous (Toxic) & Infectious Substances Class 7 - Radioactive Materials Class 8 - Corrosives Materials Class 9 - Others

Classification

Class 1 - Explosives

Class 2 - Compressed Gases

Class 3 - Flammable Liquids

Class 4 - Flammable Solids

Class 5 - Oxidizing Substances

Class 6 - Poisonous (Toxic) & Infectious Substances

Class 7 - Radioactive Materials

Class 8 - Corrosives Materials

Class 9 - Others

Removal Of Crashed or Disabled Aircraft Removal of Crashed or Disable Aircraft on the airport must be done in an expeditious manner as immobilized aircraft or debris resulting from an accidents may caused unacceptable obstruction to the operations of the airport. Legal Provision Any disable aircraft or debris resulting from an accident should nor be removed or interfered until released by DCA Inspector of Aircraft Accident. Only authorized persons shall have access to the incident site.

Removal of Crashed or Disable Aircraft on the airport must be done in an expeditious manner as immobilized aircraft or debris resulting from an accidents may caused unacceptable obstruction to the operations of the airport.

Legal Provision

Any disable aircraft or debris resulting from an accident should nor be removed or interfered until released by DCA Inspector of Aircraft Accident.

Only authorized persons shall have access to the incident site.

Media Handling & Press Release Media Relations Room The Media Relations Room main function is to make appropriate announcements via press release or conferencing to the press in concurrence with EOC and approved by CCC. 2. Emergency Operation Centre ( Airline / Handling Agent ) Airline / handling Agent will establish their respective EOC to inform next-of kin and families of passengers, to handle all inquiries by the public, to receive and collate information relating to casualties and uninjured survivors. 3. Family / Friends Reception Centre The F / FRC is a facility where the next-of-kin / families of passengers involved in an emergency could go for information and assistance.

Media Relations Room

The Media Relations Room main function is to make appropriate announcements via press release or conferencing to the press in concurrence with EOC and approved by CCC.

2. Emergency Operation Centre ( Airline / Handling Agent )

Airline / handling Agent will establish their respective EOC to inform next-of kin and families of passengers, to handle all inquiries by the public, to receive and collate information relating to casualties and uninjured survivors.

3. Family / Friends Reception Centre

The F / FRC is a facility where the next-of-kin / families of passengers involved in an emergency could go for information and assistance.

Media Handling & Press Release Survivors Reception Centre The main function of the SRC is to provide a private area where uninjured survivors from the Triage Area could be transferred to SRC for CIQ clearance (Customs, Immigration and Health) and handle the needs of the surviving passengers (eg. Refreshment, ticketing, medical follow-up, hotel accommodation etc) by the airline. Family / friends Holding Area and Private Matching Area The F / FHA operates in conjunction with F / FRC and SRC where arrangement for the relatives to meet the survivors are made at the PMA.

Survivors Reception Centre

The main function of the SRC is to provide a private area where uninjured survivors from the Triage Area could be transferred to SRC for CIQ clearance (Customs, Immigration and Health) and handle the needs of the surviving passengers (eg. Refreshment, ticketing, medical follow-up, hotel accommodation etc) by the airline.

Family / friends Holding Area and Private Matching Area

The F / FHA operates in conjunction with F / FRC and SRC where arrangement for the relatives to meet the survivors are made at the PMA.

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