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Information about aegean

Published on March 8, 2008

Author: Reginaldo


Slide1:  Aegean Art 2000-1000 BC The Artist as Record Keeper Slide2:  New Vocabulary: Idol Megaron Fresco Slide3:  Aegean Civilizations flourished before Greek Civilization Includes Cycladic, Minoan, Mycenaean cultures Written about in Homer’s Iliad and from Greek myths Knowledge of these cultures is a lot less than of Egypt and Near East No aid from written records Linear B- 2000 BC developed in Minoan culture-usually palace inventories and records- has not helped decipher religion and art Slide4:  Cycladic Art- 2600-1100 BC Have left hardly any trace apart from modest stone tombs Large marble idols buried with the dead-earliest life-sized sculpture of the female form Idols are nude female figure with arms folded across the chest-hints of sexuality Were painted (traces of color found) Have not seen anything like it before- not like earlier fertility figures Cycladic Idol, 2500-1100 BC Slide5:  Minoan Art - Culture named by an archeologist after legendary King Minos Very fractured style- as if sudden change came to the civilization more than once- external forces? But artwork reflects a culture that is peaceful and playful with no hint of threat Until 2000 BC. Still living at Neolithic level- then created an urban civilization with palaces and trade (with Egyptians) Most information comes from Knossos, the Palace of Minos- vast enough to survive in Greek legends as the home of the Minotaur Did not speak Greek or worship Greek Gods- WERE NOT GREEK! Slide6:  Palace of Minos, Knossos, Crete c.1500 BC Carefully planned, sprawling palace- includes storerooms, ceremonial rooms, living quarters, theaters, grand courtyard Includes intricate plumbing system Minoan columns are similar to Greek Doric, but have wide top, narrow base Slide7:  The Queen’s Megaron, Palace of Minos, Knossos Rulers were probably not ruler-gods like Near East and Egypt Military subjects are absent from the art First real fresco-painted on wet plaster Slide8:  Snake Goddess c.1600 BC Little known about religious life Centered on sacred places Chief deity was female snake goddess No temples, lacked cult statues Few religious subjects in art Snakes associated with male fertility Secular looking- fashion Crete has few snakes, so the snake idea was probably imported- but no snake goddesses have been discovered outside of Crete Slide9:  The Toreador Fresco, C. 1500 BC Marine life is seen in all artwork- fluid movement is more important than drama Shows a game, not a bull fight- two of the figures are female-figures are Minoan style-pinched waists playful like dolphins- Bull is a sacred animal Ambiguous meaning- not sure if one scene, or three different actions Slide10:  Octopus Vase, c.1500 BC Pottery- Newly designed potters wheel! Relationship between shape and decoration designs drawn from plant and animal life- fish, shells, octopuses- very similar to the wall paintings- flowing and rhythmic Swirling lines are reminiscent of the sea Slide11:  Harvester Vase, 1550-1500 BC Slim, muscular men carrying farming tools-first real depiction of muscles in action Narrative not as important as the rhythm Energetic and physical Humorous in nature-figures are singing and shouting- most animated so far! Slide12:  Mycenaen Art- (invaded and occupied Minoan culture) Southeast shores of Greek mainland (1600-1100 BC) first thought to have come from Crete because of similar art characteristics, but probably were early Greek tribes Tombs were central to the culture Treasury of Atreus, 1300-1250 BC Slide13:  Interior, Treasury of Atreus 1600 BC, began to build elaborate tombs- buried dead on deep shafts covered with beehive structures More elaborate tombs were only found in Egypt from around the same time period Largest known vaulted space in antiquity until the Roman Pantheon (1500 years later) Slide14:  Rhyton in the shape of a lion 1550 BC Alongside royal dead, were masks of gold and silver Similar in purpose to Egyptian death masks Lots of personal equipment found such as vessels, jewelry, weapons Slide15:  Vaphio Cup, 1500 BC Slide16:  Vaphio Cup c. 1500 BC How do we tell the difference between Minoan and Mycenaen? Slide17:  The Lion Gate, 1250 BC Hilltop fortresses, defensive walls of huge stone- quite unlike minoan Lions Gate of Mycenae- massive stone relief over doorway- guardians of the gate- tense muscular, symmetrical design suggests influence from near east Center of the palace at Mycenae was the audience hall called the megaron- not much remains but looks back to simple house plans of earlier ti Hilltop fortresses, defensive walls of huge stone- quite unlike Minoan Lions Gate of Mycenae- massive stone relief over doorway- guardians of the gate- tense muscular, symmetrical design suggests influence from Near East Center of the palace at Mycenae was the audience hall called the Megaron- not much remains but looks back to simple house plans of earlier times Slide18:  Three Deities, 1500-1400 BC There is no Mycenaen temple architecture that remains (or was even suggested) Palaces did contain small shrines Religion was probably influenced by Minoan, Greek- but its hard to figure this out Not sure who this group of deities is The divine child is a popular ancient myth A familiar view of deities is seen here for the first time

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