Advejtives vs adverbs

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Information about Advejtives vs adverbs

Published on April 26, 2014

Author: anthonyte52

Source: slideshare.net

Advejtives Vs Adverbs  Adjectives We use adjectives to describe a person or thing. PERSON: The doctor is serious. THING: The new restaurant is wonderful.  Adjectives are placed before a noun: Harry has an expensive car They live in an adorable house The musucian was tolerant with the audience.  Adjectives can go after verb be or after non action verbs. He is a skillful driver. The child is small. The child seems small. This salad tastes delicious Adverbs of Manner  Describe how something is done or happen. (action). And are usually placed after the main verb. He ran slowly She spoke aggressively  Adverbs of manner usually go after the verb. But they never go between a verb and its object. - Jack drove carelessly. - Tom played the match effortlessly.  Adjectives and adverbs with the same form Adjective Adverb She's a good worker. - She works well. They are hard workers. -They all worked hard. The bus was late. - She usually arrives late. I’m a fast runner. - He swims fast.

Examples • Tom is _________. He works ________ . slow slowly • Sue is a ___________ girl. She climbed up the ladder ____________ . careful carefully • The dog is ______________. It barks _____________. angry angrily • He acted ______________. He's an ________________ actor. excellently excellent • They learn English ___________. They think English is an ___________ language. easily easy • Max is a ________ singer. He sings ___________. good well . He is an ________________ tennis player. He plays tennis ______________. excellent excellently . He moves ______________. He is a ____________ athlete. gracefully graceful Slow, careful, angry, excellent, easy, good, excellent, graceful.

Articles Indefinite Article: a and an Are used with singular nouns. The rule is: •a + singular noun beginning with a consonant: a boy •an + singular noun beginning with a vowel: an elephant Note: the indefinite articles are used to indicate membership in a profession, nation, or religion. •I am a teacher. •Brian is an Irishman. •Shiro is a practicing Buddhist.

• "A" and "an" are used to modify non-specific or non-particular nouns and referring to any member of a group For example: 1.- "My daughter really wants a dog for Christmas." This refers to any dog. We don't know which dog because we haven't found the dog yet. 2.- "Somebody call a policeman!" This refers to any policeman. We don't need a specific policeman; we need any policeman who is available. 3.- "When I was at the zoo, I saw an elephant!". There are probably several elephants at the zoo, but there's only one we're talking about here.

Definite article The: we use this article when we talk about singular and plural nouns. It means that we are talking about a specific person, place or thing. - "The brown dog that bit me ran away.“ - “The boys was playing under my window and broke my glass. - The days of the week are seven. - The man who wrote this book is famous.

Do use the before: •Names of rivers, oceans and seas: (the Nile, the Pacific Ocean) •Points on the globe: (the Equator, the North Pole) •Geographical areas: (the Middle East, the West) •deserts, forests, gulfs, and peninsulas: (the Sahara, the Persian Gulf, the Black Forest, the Iberian Peninsula)

Omission of Articles Some common types of nouns that don't take an article are:  Names of languages and nationalities: Chinese, English, Spanish, Russian (unless you are referring to the population of the nation: "The Spanish are known for their warm hospitality.")  Names of sports: volleyball, hockey, baseball

I bought ________ pair of shoes. a I saw _________ movie last night. a I think _______ man over there is very unfriendly. the I do not like _____ basketball. X The night is quiet. Let's take ________ walk! a ________ price of gas keeps rising. The John traveled to _________ Mexico. X My brother does not eat ____________ chicken. X I live in ___________ apartment. ____________apartment is new. a the I would like ___________ piece of cake. a I was in ________ Japanese restaurant. __________restaurant served good food. a The

Non-action verbs Emotions: admire, care, dislike, doubt, envy, fear, hate, hope, like, love Mental States: think, understand, know, believe, guess, hope, mean Wants/Preferences: want, wish, need, prefer, desire Possession: own, have, contain, belong Appearance: look, appear, seem Value: cost, equal, signify Perception: feel, hear, see, smell, taste, sound, look, notice State of being: be, exist

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