Adult Learning Theories

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Information about Adult Learning Theories

Published on February 2, 2008

Author: carterfsmith

Source: slideshare.net

Description

Malcolm Knowles' Andragogy
Abraham Maslow's Hierarchy of Needs
Steven Covey's The 8th Habit
Mihály Csíkszentmihályi ‘s Flow

The Emergence of The Relationship Economy The New Order of Things to Come Learning Theory Analysis . . . Malcolm Knowles' Andragogy Abraham Maslow's Hierarchy of Needs Steven Covey's The 8th Habit Mihály Csíkszentmihályi ‘s Flow

Malcolm Knowles Abraham Maslow Steven Covey Mihály Csíkszentmihályi These thought leaders challenge us to create creative leaders by modeling creative leadership.

Malcolm Knowles

Abraham Maslow

Steven Covey

Mihály Csíkszentmihályi

These thought leaders challenge us to create creative leaders by modeling creative leadership.

Andragogy In "The Adult Learner," Knowles identified the root of Pedagogy as "paid" (child) and "agogus" (leader of), and combined the two to mean the "art and science of teaching children." His definition shows the strong link between leading and teaching.

In "The Adult Learner," Knowles identified the root of Pedagogy as "paid" (child) and "agogus" (leader of), and combined the two to mean the "art and science of teaching children."

His definition shows the strong link between leading and teaching.

Andragogy Knowles observed that becoming an adult was a process, culminating in the self-concept of being responsible for our own lives - having self-direction. Can the same be said about becoming an adult teacher/leader?

Knowles observed that becoming an adult was a process, culminating in the self-concept of being responsible for our own lives - having self-direction.

Can the same be said about becoming an adult teacher/leader?

Andragogy Knowles' guidance on "making things happen by releasing energy in others" ties in with this, as well.

Knowles' guidance on "making things happen by releasing energy in others" ties in with this, as well.

Andragogy Knowles said that creative leaders differ from controlling leaders in the assumptions they make about human nature.

Knowles said that creative leaders differ from controlling leaders in the assumptions they make about human nature.

Andragogy Knowles said that creative leaders assume when people make a commitment they had a part in the decision process. Creative leaders value individuality -- they stimulate and reward creativity.

Knowles said that creative leaders assume when people make a commitment they had a part in the decision process.

Creative leaders value individuality -- they stimulate and reward creativity.

Hierarchy Of Needs Maslow defined self-actualization as the desire for self-fulfillment, doing what one is fitted for, to become everything that one is capable of becoming.

Maslow defined self-actualization as the desire for self-fulfillment, doing what one is fitted for, to become everything that one is capable of becoming.

Hierarchy Of Needs Maslow’s self-actualization can be described best as a process that is often felt, sometimes seen, but rarely achieved.

Maslow’s self-actualization can be described best as a process that is often felt, sometimes seen, but rarely achieved.

Maslow’s theory of human motivation What Motivates You?

Maslow’s theory of human motivation

1. Physiological Hunger Thirst Shelter sex

1. Physiological

Hunger

Thirst

Shelter

sex

2. Safety Security Protection from harm

2. Safety

Security

Protection from harm

3. Social : Affection Belonging Acceptance friendship

3. Social :

Affection

Belonging

Acceptance

friendship

4. Esteem : (also called ego). Self respect Autonomy Achievement Status Recognition Attention

4. Esteem : (also called ego).

Self respect

Autonomy

Achievement

Status

Recognition

Attention

5. Self actualization (doing things)

5. Self actualization (doing things)

8 th Habit Covey says, "Leadership is a choice, not a position." How many of us feel we have made a choice, or were we just filling a void and sort of got comfortable once we filled it?

Covey says, "Leadership is a choice, not a position."

How many of us feel we have made a choice, or were we just filling a void and sort of got comfortable once we filled it?

8 th Habit Leadership, if not chosen (daily), can be considered forfeited.

Leadership, if not chosen (daily), can be considered forfeited.

8 th Habit Covey said the 8th Habit is about finding your voice and inspiring others to find theirs

Covey said the 8th Habit is about

finding your voice

and inspiring others to find theirs

What's the difference between inspiring someone and encouraging, empowering, or assisting them?

What's the difference between

inspiring someone

and encouraging, empowering, or assisting them?

8 th Habit Covey explained that Voice is your "unique personal significance." It is that "significance that is revealed as we face our greatest challenges and that makes us equal to them."

Covey explained that Voice is your "unique personal significance."

It is that "significance that is revealed as we face our greatest challenges and that makes us equal to them."

How often do we feel "equal" to our "greatest challenges?" Does this term "voice" remind you of other theories?

How often do we feel "equal" to our "greatest challenges?"

Does this term "voice" remind you of other theories?

Covey’s "voice" is similar to Maslow's "self-actualization," from his "Hierarchy Of Needs“ And also looks similar to Csíkszentmihályi’s “Flow”

Covey’s "voice" is similar to

Maslow's "self-actualization," from his "Hierarchy Of Needs“

And also looks similar to Csíkszentmihályi’s “Flow”

Flow Flow is the mental state of operation in which the person is fully immersed in what he or she is doing, characterized by a feeling of energized focus, full involvement, and success in the process of the activity.

Flow is the mental state of operation in which the person is fully immersed in what he or she is doing, characterized by a feeling of energized focus, full involvement, and success in the process of the activity.

How do I get there from here? Clear goals Concentrating and focusing S elf-consciousness Distorted sense of time Direct and immediate feedback Balanced ability level and challenge A sense of personal control. An activity that is intrinsically rewarding Becoming absorbed in the activity Not all are needed for flow to be experienced.

Clear goals

Concentrating and focusing

S elf-consciousness

Distorted sense of time

Direct and immediate feedback

Balanced ability level and challenge

A sense of personal control.

An activity that is intrinsically rewarding

Becoming absorbed in the activity

Not all are needed for flow to be experienced.

How do We get there from here? Creative spatial arrangements Chairs Pin walls Charts (no tables) Work primarily while standing and moving. Playground design Charts & Flow graphs Project summary Results wall Open topics Parallel, organized working Target group focus Prototyping Efficiency through visualization Differences seen as opportunities, not obstacles.

Creative spatial arrangements

Chairs

Pin walls

Charts (no tables)

Work primarily while standing and moving.

Playground design

Charts & Flow graphs

Project summary

Results wall

Open topics

Parallel, organized working

Target group focus

Prototyping

Efficiency through visualization

Differences seen as opportunities, not obstacles.

Where will I feel Flow? Business (especially negotiations) Playing music Playing sports Playing video games Doing standup comedy Religious activity Education (learning and sharing)

Business (especially negotiations)

Playing music

Playing sports

Playing video games

Doing standup comedy

Religious activity

Education (learning and sharing)

References Covey, S. R. (2004). The 8th Habit: From Effectiveness to Greatness , New York: Free Press Csíkszentmihályi, M. (1990). Flow: The Psychology of Optimal Experience . New York: Harper and Row. Knowles, M.S., Holton, E. F., III & Swanson, R. A. (2005). The Adult Learner (6 th ed.). San Diego: Elsevier Maslow, A. H. (1943). A Theory of Human Motivation. Psychological Review, 50 , 370-396

Covey, S. R. (2004). The 8th Habit: From Effectiveness to Greatness , New York: Free Press

Csíkszentmihályi, M. (1990). Flow: The Psychology of Optimal Experience . New York: Harper and Row.

Knowles, M.S., Holton, E. F., III & Swanson, R. A. (2005). The Adult Learner (6 th ed.). San Diego: Elsevier

Maslow, A. H. (1943). A Theory of Human Motivation. Psychological Review, 50 , 370-396

The Emergence of The Relationship Economy The New Order of Things to Come Learning Theory Analysis . . . Malcolm Knowles' Andragogy Abraham Maslow's Hierarchy of Needs Steven Covey's The 8th Habit Mihály Csíkszentmihályi ‘s Flow

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