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Adoption

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Information about Adoption
Education

Published on November 20, 2008

Author: ashlynn1386

Source: authorstream.com

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Adoption : Cindy Astin, Justin Bastin, Tosha Ellis, Ashley Ijams, Melinda Parra Adoption Overview of Adoption : Overview of Adoption a) Public Domestic b) Private Domestic c) International There are several kinds of adoption: Process Overview : a) Decide on what kind of adoption Process Overview b) Select an agency/ attorney c) A home study d) Attend classes e) The match/Read child’s file - Parent and child f)  Arrival g) File court petition h) Finalize through the court i)  Post-adoption services Private Adoption: : “generally refers to the adoption of U.S.-born infants through for-profit or non-profit adoption agencies and independent adoptions in which birth parents directly place children with adoptive parents, sometimes with the assistance of facilitators, doctors, clergy, or attorneys” Becoming more popular, although, the number of children being placed in private adoption is decreasing. Private Adoption: Open vs. Closed Adoption: : Open Adoption When the birth parents are able to have contact with the child after adoption. Contact may vary. Ex: weekly/monthly visits, cards, letters, pictures, phone calls. No contact with the birth parents. (At least not till after age 18) Open vs. Closed Adoption: Closed Adoption Foster Care Adoption : Adoption of children living in the US who are in the foster care system Necessary when children in the welfare system cannot safely be placed back with their current guardians Handled through: Public Agencies Some states contract with licensed private agencies Dual Licensure: having both the foster care license and adoptive parents Foster Care Adoption Barries of Foster Care Adoption- Statistics : 126,000 children waiting for adoption 240,000 adults inquire each year 1/28 actually adopt 78% of adults who inquire do not fill out an application or attend an orientation meeting 6% who inquire will complete a home study – many still won’t adopt Barries of Foster Care Adoption- Statistics Barries of Foster Care Adoption : Adoptive parents feel they are being “put-off” by the welfare system Too hard to access the agency and the right people within the agency System is more focused on screening out bad candidates rather than welcoming the good ones Unpleasant contacts wit Differences between the children the adoptive parents are looking for and what children are available for adoption Ongoing frustration due to: Agency General Process of adoption Barries of Foster Care Adoption Room for Improvement : First Call – First Impression Place more emphasis on nurturing new and recruiting parents rather than picking them apart to find out what’s bad about them Less frustrating adoption process – give a clear roadmap Room for Improvement Positive Aspect : Adoptive parents tend to appreciate classes they are required to take before adopting These children have a whole separate set of challenges different from their peers Training classes and orientations help adoptive parents acquire certain skills that will be more helpful to their unique child Positive Aspect Recommendations : Qualified staff answering phones Offer emotional support for prospective parents Welcome new parents before weeding out the bad ones Separate screenings and trainings Adoptive parents are encouraged to verbalize their feelings to their adoption worker Adoption workers are also the ones who judge placement of children Be available to listen Recommendations Surrogate Mothers : Q. What types of women become surrogates? A. In SMI's program, a surrogate must be between 18-35 and have previously had a child. The typical surrogate is 28, married, employed, and solidly middle class. The single characteristic describing all of our surrogates is altruism. The women in our program are generous, caring, healthy women. They become surrogates to help people have families. Unlike other programs which look for poor women (based on the mistaken belief that a poor woman is less likely to keep the child), our surrogates are never motivated by financial need. Their fee, which generally is around $13,000, is a factor, but never the main reason for their participation. Q. What do couples look for in a surrogate? A. Couples base their decision on many factors. Some couples select a woman because of her location or physical similarity. Others want a surrogate who is intelligent. All couples, however, look for a woman who is healthy, has no significant medical/psychological difficulties, is emotionally and mentally stable, conceives easily, and who is responsible and mature enough to realize that the couple is placing an enormous amount of trust in her to carry their child. Q. Is the surrogate screened? A. Absolutely. The surrogates go through a variety of different screening processes. References are checked, medical records from prior pregnancies are obtained, a criminal history check is done, and the surrogate (and her husband if married) are then given a complete psychological exam. The couple gets a copy of the psyc report, and they make a final decision if the surrogate is acceptable. Approximately 1% - 2% of all women who initially contact SMI actually end up being accepted into the program. Surrogate Mothers …A look into Surrogate Mothers, Inc. Slide 13: Q. What happens if the surrogate refuses to give up the child? A. Less than 1% of the time a surrogate mother refuses to relinquish the child. If there is Of the 2000 or so births to surrogates in the country, a woman has refused to relinquish the child less than 1% of the time. SMI has never had this happen. In every case where it has, the surrogate either was not screened at all, or the couple was not made aware of the psychological findings. When surrogacy is done right, it works. Q. What are the success rates? A. "Success" should only mean one thing: the percentage of couples/individuals who actually end up with a child. In the AI program, your success rate depends on the male's sperm count and the surrogate's ability to conceive. 85% of all of SMI's clients in the AI program end up with a child. On the average, it takes our surrogates 3 cycles to conceive. Some take longer. Many get pregnant on the first try. In the IVF/ET program, the success rates depend primarily on the age of the egg donor. Generally, success rates where the donor is <35 are as high as 50% or so, but will vary significantly depending on which clinic does the medical procedures. SMI will work with you as long as you wish. There are no additional legal fees if you switch surrogates. Q. Will the couple and the surrogate meet? A. SMI encourages "open surrogacy." The reason for this is simple: because our surrogates are not doing this for the money, they want (and have every right) to know the types of people for whom they are doing this. Meeting the surrogate allows both sides to make sure that the arrangement will work. Most of our couples stay in contact with their surrogate frequently during the pregnancy. Even after the birth, many couples still stay in touch with their surrogates (X-mas cards, birthday cards, etc.), although for most couples and surrogates the relationship ends after the baby is born Process to Becoming a Surrogate Mother : Process to Becoming a Surrogate Mother Step 1: The Application Process Counselor Match-up Program Screening Step 2: The Match Review Profiles Meet with the Couple Contract The Process Cont'd : The Process Cont'd Step 3: Medical Procedures Artificial insemination In vitro fertilization Fertility specialist Step 4: Pregnancy and Birth Deliver the news Obstetrician Continued contact with the couple Movie clip from: Baby Mama International Adoption : Definition Alliance for Children Foundation Video International Adoption Why Choose International Adoption? : The availability of newborns in the U.S. is diminishing, causing more Americans than ever to turn abroad. In 2002 it was up to 20,000 overbroad adoptions 75% or foreign children came from China, Russia, Guatemala, S. Korea & the Urkraine. More than 50 countries to choose from: Ethiopia, Haiti, Liberia, Kazakhstan, Colombia, India, Vietnam, etc. Why Choose International Adoption? Pros & Cons to consider: : Pros -Many children in need from a wide array of countries. -Practically a guarantee: approved home study, orphaned, accept referrals, -You know the time frame which is usually 12-18 months on average. -Know the exact cost in the beginning -Learn culture -Travel -Not a newborn -Health: background unknown -Harder to track birth parents -A lot of paperwork: help from social worker -Some unpredictability: delays Pros & Cons to consider: Cons Regulations To Be Aware Of (Per Agencies) : - No children from Western Europe, Australia, or Canada are eligible to be adopted by Americans. - No single parent adoption: Armenia, Thailand, Sri Lanka, etc. - Some countries require you to have long term residency limits Religious belief requirements Example: Indonesia requires belief in God - Korea: weight requirement Regulations To Be Aware Of (Per Agencies) Getting started : - Research more than one agency before choosing: history, employees, credentials. Collect information from internet, magazines, books, videos, and adoptive parent groups. - Complete homestudy: from your Inter. Agency or other File a Form I-600 (Application for advance processing) - Apply for a passport if not already done. - Obtain the translate all paper work - Prepare for referral of your child - Meet, Obtain final guardianship, and apply for orphan visa. - Post placement supervision - Readopt your child in your state of residence & file for citizenship Getting started After the Adoption : After the Adoption Citizenship notification sent back to country of origin Home checks/visits Counseling Adoptive family groups: picnics, holidays Motherland Tour Problems Associated with Adopted Children : Problems Associated with Adopted Children Reactive Attachment Disorder (RAD) : Signs: Superficial engagement & charm with strangers Eye contact, Self-destructive behavior/accident prone Lack of consciousness, unable to understand cause & effect Stealing Poor social relationships Animal Cruelty Can be difficult Adoptive families cannot use standard methods of treatment Should always include parent participation Therapist not there to build trust relationship with child, but rather to instruct parent-child bond. Reactive Attachment Disorder (RAD) Treatment Costs of International Adoption : 1. Children’s Hope International Agency Fee: $4,400 2. International Program Fee: Includes: translation, liaison with government and agency authorities, development fee, social services, facilitation, adoption and travel coordination, orphanage fee, and childcare.: $5,800 3. In Country Fees: $1,005 Total cost of One Adoption – Excluding Travel: $11,205 4. Approx. Travel/Hotel Costs:(2 parents - 7 days -1 child ): $3,945- $6,700 Approx. Total Cost for 2 adults adopting 1 infant under 2 :$15,150-$17,905 Costs of International Adoption …Adopting a child from Ethiopia from Children’s Hope International Financial Assistance : Tax-deductible gifts State Tax Credit/Adoption Subsidies Dependency Exemption Employer Assistance Adoption Assistance Benefits Program Financial Assistance Virginia Satir Model : Virginia Satir Model ADD IN VIDEO INTERVIEW!!!!!!! : ADD IN VIDEO INTERVIEW!!!!!!!

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