Adolescent Body Image

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Information about Adolescent Body Image
Education

Published on November 12, 2008

Author: McCarty

Source: slideshare.net

Description

MEHMS PTA Meeting Presentation Nov. 12, 2008

Helping Adolescents Develop A Positive Body Image Presented By: Vicki Galliher, ATC, VATL, ACSM George Mason High School Sports Medicine Office

Body Image … Exactly what is it ?

I give up! Got to get PUMPED up! A girl can never be too thin ! Gonna dance till I don’t jiggle like jello! I’ve got the LOOK !

Students in middle school, in the midst of puberty, begin to establish an individual identity outside the family unit.

The increasing attention & intimacy of peers amplify physical differences that become evident as bodies change and develop. Physical appearance becomes a major factor in peer & opposite sex relations

Physical Development + Body Image = Development of Identity for our adolescents

As adults, how can we help promote the development of a positive & healthy body image?

We need to be aware of risk factors & protective factors

Risk Factors Gender Low self-esteem Timing of maturation Disordered eating

Risk Factors

Gender

Low self-esteem

Timing of maturation

Disordered eating

Protective Factors Healthy self-esteem Positive feelings about physical changes in puberty Accurate information about puberty Healthy eating & exercise

Protective Factors

Healthy self-esteem

Positive feelings about physical changes in puberty

Accurate information about puberty

Healthy eating & exercise

Body dissatisfaction is the single strongest predictor of eating disorder symptomology for adolescents

Body image is not based on fact. It’s psychological in nature, and much more influenced by self-esteem than by actual physical attractiveness as judged by others.

Body image is not inborn … Body image is LEARNED

Body Image Questionnaire How well do you measure up ?? Let’s find out …

Body Image Questionnaire 1. I am constantly thinking about my body size, shape and weight, and I’m always working to improve it. 2. I would be much happier and my life would be better if I were thinner or more muscular. 3. I commonly skip meals to lose weight.

1. I am constantly thinking about my body size, shape and weight, and I’m always working to improve it.

2. I would be much happier and my life would be better if I were thinner or more muscular.

3. I commonly skip meals to lose weight.

4. I weigh myself at least once a day. 5. I know or want to know how many calories are in the foods I eat. 6. I workout mainly to lose weight or to look better. 7. I completely exclude foods from one or more food groups to manage my weight.

8 . I don’t participate in sports or other activities because I’m embarrassed about my body. 9. I like to wear oversized clothes to hide “flaws” in my appearance. 10. When I see a model in a magazine or on TV, I want to look like him or her.

How Did You Do?

If you answered “ YES” to … 3 or more questions … you may have a negative body image

From where does our learning of negative body image come?

The Big 3 Parents Peers The Media

The Media

 

 

 

 

We’ve just seen the myths, now let’s see the facts!

The AVERAGE American female is 5’ 4” tall and weighs 140 lbs The AVERAGE American model is 5’ 11” and weighs 117 lbs

The men & women on magazine covers represent about 0.03% of the population

Girls are generally more influenced by body image, with 28% to 55% wanting thinner bodies compared to 17% to 30% of boys At age 10-11 years, 80% of girls are convinced they should be thinner

Girls are generally more influenced by body image, with 28% to 55% wanting thinner bodies compared to 17% to 30% of boys

At age 10-11 years, 80% of girls are convinced they should be thinner

Over 33% of adolescent girls report aggressive weight control measures such as chronic dieting, excessive exercise, self-induced vomiting, and abuse of laxative, diet aids, and water pills 17.8% of 11-14 year old girls have gone on diets in the past 6 months

Over 33% of adolescent girls report aggressive weight control measures such as chronic dieting, excessive exercise, self-induced vomiting, and abuse of laxative, diet aids, and water pills

17.8% of 11-14 year old girls have gone on diets in the past 6 months

The #1 wish for girls ages 11-17 is to be thinner

The Diet Industry is a $40 Billion per year business in the United States

Cosmetic Surgery is the fastest growing medical specialty in the United States

About 1 million American males have tried steroids at least once to improve their physique. Up to 6% have taken them by the age of 18 years

Parents

Our kids pay more more attention to us than we think!

“ On a diet, you can’t eat” Response of a 5 year old in a study on girls’ ideas about dieting

Many things parents do can trigger concerns about weight or appearance for their children

Having parents concerned about their own weight or appearance

Having parents who are overly concerned about their kids’ looks and weight

Having parents who are obsessive about exercise

Having parents who push their kids to exercise or participate on sports teams even if the kids don’t have an interest in doing so or don’t enjoy it

Having parents who focus on “ outer” qualities rather than “ inner” qualities

Peers

Being an adolescent is tough … Teased by peers for being too fat, too weak, too soft If you don’t play sports you’re a wimp or a geek You have to measure up … perfection!

Being an adolescent

is tough …

Teased by peers for being too fat, too weak, too soft

If you don’t play sports you’re a wimp or a geek

You have to measure up … perfection!

Where does a negative body image take us?

Dying to fit in … Dying to be thin …

Body obsession can lead to extreme dieting and exercise

Over one person’s lifetime at least 50,000 individuals will DIE as a result of an eating disorder

How do we help our kids make peace with their bodies and their body image?

Help kids better understand how their bodies change during puberty Listen to what your kids say & discourage “put-downs” about their appearance Reassure your children that you accept them “as is” … be careful how you suggest changes in dress, hair style, etc.

Help kids better understand how their bodies change during puberty

Listen to what your kids say & discourage “put-downs” about their appearance

Reassure your children that you accept them “as is” … be careful how you suggest changes in dress, hair style, etc.

Encourage physical activities such as biking, walking, or roller-blading that enable kids to experience the physical strength of their bodies & the positive feeling of movement regardless of body shape or size

Encourage physical activities such as biking, walking, or roller-blading that enable kids to experience the physical strength of their bodies & the positive feeling of movement regardless of body shape or size

Wearing favorite clothes or getting a new haircut often allow kids to feel comfortable with themselves Introduce kids to relaxation techniques which may help them become less sensitive to events that cause negative body feelings

Wearing favorite clothes or getting a new haircut often allow kids to feel comfortable with themselves

Introduce kids to relaxation techniques which may help them become less sensitive to events that cause negative body feelings

50% of girls report using magazines for ideas about weight control … work with your school’s library to ensure that appropriate & healthy guides exist for nutrition and exercise Peer mentoring may be helpful to address body image & changes associated with puberty, with older students as role models.

50% of girls report using magazines for ideas about weight control … work with your school’s library to ensure that appropriate & healthy guides exist for nutrition and exercise

Peer mentoring may be helpful to address body image & changes associated with puberty, with older students as role models.

Finally ... We can’t exchange our bodies for new ones. So the best thing is to find peace with the one you have. Your body is where you’re going to be living for the rest of your life!

If you would like to know more, email me at … [email_address] for a list of resources and websites

Thank You

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