Adjectivalisation Suffixes

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Information about Adjectivalisation Suffixes

Published on March 17, 2008

Author: henrick

Source: slideshare.net

Description

Word formation - forming adjectives

Adjectivalisation Word Formation

-able / -ible Usually attaches to verbs “ capable of being ~ed” Laughable Dependable Changeable Accessible Divisible Perceptible

Usually attaches to verbs

“ capable of being ~ed”

Laughable

Dependable

Changeable

Accessible

Divisible

Perceptible

-able Attached to nouns “ having the stated quality or condition” Knowledgeable Comfortable

Attached to nouns

“ having the stated quality or condition”

Knowledgeable

Comfortable

-al / -ar / -ial / -iar Usually attached to Latin, Greek, or French nouns “ pertaining / related to ~” Additional Central Natural Lunar Molecular Proverbial Substantial Eventual Habitual Intellectual

Usually attached to Latin, Greek, or French nouns

“ pertaining / related to ~”

Additional

Central

Natural

Lunar

Molecular

Proverbial

Substantial

Eventual

Habitual

Intellectual

-en Attached to nouns denoting material “ made of ~” or “ resembling ~ ” Earthen Wooden Woolen Golden Leaden Silken

Attached to nouns denoting material

“ made of ~” or “ resembling ~ ”

Earthen

Wooden

Woolen

Golden

Leaden

Silken

-ful Attaches mainly to nouns “ full of ~” or “having / displaying ~” or “causing / exciting ~” Also attaches to verbs “ prone to ~” Careful Sinful Sorrowful Delightful Shameful Fearful Stressful Forgetful Resentful Fretful

Attaches mainly to nouns

“ full of ~” or “having / displaying ~” or “causing / exciting ~”

Also attaches to verbs

“ prone to ~”

Careful

Sinful

Sorrowful

Delightful

Shameful

Fearful

Stressful

Forgetful

Resentful

Fretful

-al / -atic / -ific / -ical / -istic Mainly attached to nouns “ of, like, or connected with ~” Energetic Photographic Democratic Allergic Dogmatic Problematic Scientific Terrific Comical Classical Linguistic Euphemistic

Mainly attached to nouns

“ of, like, or connected with ~”

Energetic

Photographic

Democratic

Allergic

Dogmatic

Problematic

Scientific

Terrific

Comical

Classical

Linguistic

Euphemistic

-ive / -ative Attached mainly to verbs “ tending to ~” Attractive Permissive Coercive Decorative Causative

Attached mainly to verbs

“ tending to ~”

Attractive

Permissive

Coercive

Decorative

Causative

-less Mainly attached to nouns “ without ~ / having no ~” Also attaches to verbs “ that never ~s / that can’t be ~” Tireless Countless Careless Fearless Meaningless Harmless

Mainly attached to nouns

“ without ~ / having no ~”

Also attaches to verbs

“ that never ~s / that can’t be ~”

Tireless

Countless

Careless

Fearless

Meaningless

Harmless

-like Combines with nouns “ resembling ~” Childlike Godlike Ladylike

Combines with nouns

“ resembling ~”

Childlike

Godlike

Ladylike

-ly Mainly attaches to nouns “ like / characteristic of / befitting ~” Friendly Manly Cowardly Also attaches to nouns denoting time “ recurring every ~” Daily Weekly Monthly Yearly

Mainly attaches to nouns

“ like / characteristic of / befitting ~”

Friendly

Manly

Cowardly

Also attaches to nouns denoting time

“ recurring every ~”

Daily

Weekly

Monthly

Yearly

-ory / -atory Usually attaches to Latinate verbs which form nouns with –ion “ that ~” Explanatory Satisfactory Compulsory Obligatory

Usually attaches to Latinate verbs which form nouns with –ion

“ that ~”

Explanatory

Satisfactory

Compulsory

Obligatory

-ous / -eous / -ious / -atious Attaches mainly to nouns “ causing or having ~” Famous Virtuous Glorious Flirtatious Righteous Poisonous Courageous

Attaches mainly to nouns

“ causing or having ~”

Famous

Virtuous

Glorious

Flirtatious

Righteous

Poisonous

Courageous

-y / -ey Mainly attaching to nouns “ full of ~” / “covered with ~” / “having the quality of ~” Bloody Cloudy Dirty Attaching to verbs “ inclined / apt to ~” Sticky Sleepy

Mainly attaching to nouns

“ full of ~” / “covered with ~” / “having the quality of ~”

Bloody

Cloudy

Dirty

Attaching to verbs

“ inclined / apt to ~”

Sticky

Sleepy

Credits The Cambridge Grammar of the English Language , Rodney Huddleston / Geoffrey K. Pullum Longman Dictionary of English Language and Culture Compiler - Henrick Oprea

The Cambridge Grammar of the English Language , Rodney Huddleston / Geoffrey K. Pullum

Longman Dictionary of English Language and Culture

Compiler - Henrick Oprea

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