ADHD - symptoms, causes and solutions

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Information about ADHD - symptoms, causes and solutions

Published on February 4, 2014

Author: Udgam_School



A presentation to help deal better with children who have attention deficit hyperactive disorder.

Do you think… Do you think your child is lazy because he/she never sits down to study? Do you get mad at your child when he/she keeps on getting out of his/her seat? Do you become very frustrated with your child when he/she is fidgeting with his/her things? Do you have to remind your child repeatedly to bring back his belongings from school and even then he/she forgets it? Does your child speak out of turn or talks excessively? Do you feel that in spite of repeating instructions your child does not listen to you at all?

If You Answered Yes • You are not alone ! • Today, in every classroom across the country there are several students who have attention deficit and are hyperactive • Today 3-5% school-age children are estimated to lack attention and are hyperactive • Boys are more likely to be such than girls • It is vital for parents/ teachers to understand them and their situation so we as parents and teachers do not feel frustrated, upset, or defeated

Inattention Impulsivity Hyperactivity

TYPES Hyperactive COMBINED TYPE Inattentive type Or Impulsive

Symptoms - Inattentiveness • • • • • • • • • Has trouble staying focused and/or is easily distracted Lacks attention and has difficulty sustaining attention Makes careless mistakes Does not seem to listen when spoken to Avoids tasks requiring mental effort Is forgetful in daily activities Has difficulty remembering things and following instructions Has trouble staying organized, planning and finishing projects Gets bored with a task or looses items necessary for completing a task • Frequently loses or misplaces homework, books, toys or other items Note: Girls are more prone to this type The child should exhibit minimum six of the above for a period of six months

Symptoms – Hyperactivity / Impulsivity • Fidgets or squirms excessively • Leaves seat when inappropriate • Runs about/climbs extensively when inappropriate • Has difficulty playing quietly • Often “on the go” or “driven by A motor” • Talks excessively • Blurts out answers before question is finished • Cannot await for his/her turn • Interrupts when others are talking The child should exhibit minimum six of the above for a period of six months

Causes • Environmental factors • Biological factors • Experiential factors • Malnutrition • Neurological factors

Please Note  It is NOT about intelligence or lack of motivation  They are highly intelligent and creative  It is NOT a disease  It is a condition which over shadows the child’s intelligence  But right steps at the right time can be beneficial  It is NOT a learning disorder  But if ignored, it can lead to one  It is NOT caused by bad parenting, bad teachers, or by anything you have done  A person does not have ADHD simply because he/she becomes distracted or engages in impulsive behaviour

Strengths Visualization Vitality Creativity Activity Many famous and very successful individuals may have suffered from ADD. These include names such as: • Winston Churchill • Thomas Edison • Florence Nightingale • Pablo Picasso • Charles Darwin • Jim Carrey

Solutions Therapy Counseling of individual and family Physical exercise Play therapy Special Education Diet Medication

Physical Exercise • Any sports activity like swimming, tennis, badminton • Yoga and Meditation- surya namskarasan, rocket making, superman technique, Omkar technique, count techniques • Running / Climbing Stairs / Jumping

Yoga can be beneficial for children It works best for Conditions like  ADHD  Learning disorders  Concentration  Muscular dystrophy  Visual errors  Adolescence is a very stormy period both for girls and boys, and they are prone to many stressrelated disorders.

Yoga Techniques which should be a part of routine

DIET • Include food rich in – – – – Vitamin B Proteins Calcium Omega 3

DIET (Continued…) • Avoid food containing – – – – – – Excessive sugar Fatty acids Artificial sweeteners Excessive artificial colours Carbonated drinks Caffeine • Avoid eating fruits like chickoo and water melon on daily basis • Moderate quantity of table salt • Try not to take syrups for cough and cold

Guiding Principles for Raising a Child with ADHD 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. First of all as a parents you need to relax and be a role model for your child. Don’t skip physical exercise even if exams are around the corner. Maintain a routine and time table. Limit distracting influences during times when child is asked to be on task (i.e. homework) Give two or three instructions at time Give your child more immediate feedback and consequences. Use incentives before punishment. Use larger and more powerful consequences. Use lots of social stories to teach moral aspects.

Guiding Principles for Raising a Child with ADHD (cont’d) 6. Pay positive attention to your child…catch them being good 7. Prepare the child in advance for any possible changes in routine 8. Keep their condition in mind 9. Don’t compare 10. Act ! Because you want them to listen and not just hear. 11. Maintain consistency 12. Practice forgiveness

Sample of Time Table • • • • • • • • • • • • 7 TO 7.30-exercise 7.30 to 8.30-study time/more writing practice 8.30 to 9.00-getting ready to school 10 to 5.00-school 5.00 to 6.30-rest/play time 6.30 to 7.00-study 7.00 to 7.30-concentration exercise 7.30 to 8.00-maths time 8.00 to 8.45 dinner time/tv 8.45 to 9.15 –recap of the whole day 9.15 to 9.30-calming activities Sleep

Other Solutions To Helping The ADHD Child • • • • • • • • • • Make lessons very clear Use lots of visuals Pair students together to complete assignments Provide hand signals Play beat the clock Use behavioral contracts Use sticker charts Allow students to move around Allow more time for tests Put luggage tags on book bag to remind students of what to bring home • Have special highlighters for students to use • Use picture mats or file folders cut into thirds to chunk assignments Note: From Appelbaum Training Institute’s How to Handle the Hard-to-Handle Student Resource Handbook, (2005).

Enemies of 21st century • Video games • Television • Cartoons Anything in excess is harmful


PARENTS AND TEACHERS As you deal with ADD students and children, take the advice of Sir Winston Churchill: “NEVER, NEVER, NEVER GIVE UP!”

School Counsellor: Rashmi Lalwani Special Educators: Shanthi Sivan and Shivani Joshi

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