ADHD

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Information about ADHD
Education

Published on October 13, 2008

Author: momspeer

Source: slideshare.net

Description

A look at ADHD causes, problems, and assisstances.

“Oh look, a chicken!” Attention Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder

Attention Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder

Characteristics of ADHD Not truly “attention deficit”; actually “attention inconsistency” Easy distractibility (inattentiveness) Low tolerance for frustration or boredom Tendency to say or do whatever comes to mind (impulsivity) Overflow of energy!

Not truly “attention deficit”; actually “attention inconsistency”

Easy distractibility (inattentiveness)

Low tolerance for frustration or boredom

Tendency to say or do whatever comes to mind (impulsivity)

Overflow of energy!

Historically speaking… Identified in early 20 th century (1902) by George Frederic Still Studied 20 children 3 boys for every girl Defiant, excessively emotional, passionate, lawless, spiteful Behaviors appeared before age 8 Not the result of poor parenting Studied in WW I veterans who had received head injuries Originally called “minimal brain dysfunction” Causes are not clearly identified May be physiological (caused by differences in brain “ High incidence” - anywhere from 3%-7%

Identified in early 20 th century (1902) by George Frederic Still

Studied 20 children

3 boys for every girl

Defiant, excessively emotional, passionate, lawless, spiteful

Behaviors appeared before age 8

Not the result of poor parenting

Studied in WW I veterans who had received head injuries

Originally called “minimal brain dysfunction”

Causes are not clearly identified

May be physiological (caused by differences in brain

“ High incidence” - anywhere from 3%-7%

Challenges to the student Poor social skills Don’t relate well to peers Can’t take turns Often solitary and lonely Frustrated teachers ADHD students talk out of turn, blurt out answers before question is finished Teachers often dislike these students Desperation tactics Angry, embarrassed parents Conflicts over homework and chores Discipline problems High risk of failure Suspensions Dropouts

Poor social skills

Don’t relate well to peers

Can’t take turns

Often solitary and lonely

Frustrated teachers

ADHD students talk out of turn, blurt out answers before question is finished

Teachers often dislike these students

Desperation tactics

Angry, embarrassed parents

Conflicts over homework and chores

Discipline problems

High risk of failure

Suspensions

Dropouts

Challenges later in life Substance abuse Alcohol – trying to “slow the world down” Cocaine – actually “focuses” for those with ADHD – approximately 15% of cocaine users report this Difficulty with employment “ Short fuse” Trouble with the law

Substance abuse

Alcohol – trying to “slow the world down”

Cocaine – actually “focuses” for those with ADHD – approximately 15% of cocaine users report this

Difficulty with employment

“ Short fuse”

Trouble with the law

The Plus Side High energy For those with the “H” component, often very active, energetic and full of enthusiasm Creative Exceptional tendency to “think outside the box” Intuitive Emotionally aware Exuberant

High energy

For those with the “H” component, often very active, energetic and full of enthusiasm

Creative

Exceptional tendency to “think outside the box”

Intuitive

Emotionally aware

Exuberant

In the classroom – a raw deal? Distractibility Can be easily distracted, or can be hyperfocused Because of this, may not handle transitions well Impulsivity Hyperactivity Poor organizational skills Missing, late homework Lack of needed materials Poor reading and/or math skills Poor study skills Poor handwriting

Distractibility

Can be easily distracted, or can be hyperfocused

Because of this, may not handle transitions well

Impulsivity

Hyperactivity

Poor organizational skills

Missing, late homework

Lack of needed materials

Poor reading and/or math skills

Poor study skills

Poor handwriting

How can we help them get to “well done!”? Physical Seating Near teacher Near peer assistant Directional Signal when off-task Cue transitions Alert students a little while before an activity is going to change Allows them to “get used” to the idea, and to come out of hyperfocus, if need be. Keep a consistent schedule

Physical

Seating

Near teacher

Near peer assistant

Directional

Signal when off-task

Cue transitions

Alert students a little while before an activity is going to change

Allows them to “get used” to the idea, and to come out of hyperfocus, if need be.

Keep a consistent schedule

How can we help them get to “well done!”? Organizational Help student to choose the organizer that best fits his/her style Paper – school planner Electronic – PDA Provide a consistent place for materials Extra set of books for home Peer assistant Someone student can call when they did not write down an assignment correctly or have a question. Give directions, assignments, and other important information both verbally and in writing

Organizational

Help student to choose the organizer that best fits his/her style

Paper – school planner

Electronic – PDA

Provide a consistent place for materials

Extra set of books for home

Peer assistant

Someone student can call when they did not write down an assignment correctly or have a question.

Give directions, assignments, and other important information both verbally and in writing

How can we help them get to “well done!”? Instructional Provide external motivation Avoid busywork Students w/ADHD often have trouble doing homework in the first place – will resent assignments which do not clearly relate to the lesson. Make sure the assignment is relevant to what is being taught Tell students why it will help them master the material. "Chunk" material to avoid overwhelming students Use multiple instructional techniques Use graphic organizers to communicate most important points of lessons Allow additional time for tests and assignments Avoid timed tests

Instructional

Provide external motivation

Avoid busywork

Students w/ADHD often have trouble doing homework in the first place – will resent assignments which do not clearly relate to the lesson.

Make sure the assignment is relevant to what is being taught

Tell students why it will help them master the material.

"Chunk" material to avoid overwhelming students

Use multiple instructional techniques

Use graphic organizers to communicate most important points of lessons

Allow additional time for tests and assignments

Avoid timed tests

Life with AD(H)D – No Joke Excerpt from: All About Attention Deficit Disorder Symptoms, Diagnosis and Treatment: Children and Adults By Thomas W. Phelan, Ph.D.

Excerpt from:

All About Attention Deficit Disorder

Symptoms, Diagnosis and Treatment: Children and Adults

By

Thomas W. Phelan, Ph.D.

Famous People with ADHD Harry Belafonte Orlando Bloom Terry Bradshaw Richard Branson – Virgin Airways Stephen J. Cannell Patrick Dempsey Whoopi Goldberg William Hewlett – Co-founder of Hewlett-Packard Jewel Keira Knightly Jay Leno David Neeleman -- JetBlue Edward James Olmos Ty Pennington Charles Schwab – also has dyslexia Jackie Stewart – Indy car driver Henry Winkler

Harry Belafonte

Orlando Bloom

Terry Bradshaw

Richard Branson – Virgin Airways

Stephen J. Cannell

Patrick Dempsey

Whoopi Goldberg

William Hewlett – Co-founder of Hewlett-Packard

Jewel

Keira Knightly

Jay Leno

David Neeleman -- JetBlue

Edward James Olmos

Ty Pennington

Charles Schwab – also has dyslexia

Jackie Stewart – Indy car driver

Henry Winkler

References Editorial Staff. (2008) Famous people with dyslexia and other learning disabilities and/or AD/HD. Retrieved June 17, 2008, from http://www.schwablearning.org. Hallowell, E. M & Ratey, J. J. (1994). Driven to distraction: Recognizing and coping with attention deficit disorder from childhood through adulthood. New York, NY: Touchstone. Phelan, T. W. (2000). All about attention deficit disorder (second edition). Symptoms, diagnosis and treatment: Children and adults. Glen Ellyn, IL: Child Management Inc. Smith, D. D. (2007). Introduction to special education: Making a difference (sixth edition). Boston, MA: Allyn and Bacon. Solden, S. (1995). Women with attention deficit disorder: Embracing disorganization at home and in the workplace. Grass Valley, CA: Underwood Books.

Editorial Staff. (2008) Famous people with dyslexia and other learning disabilities and/or AD/HD. Retrieved June 17, 2008, from http://www.schwablearning.org.

Hallowell, E. M & Ratey, J. J. (1994). Driven to distraction: Recognizing and coping with attention deficit disorder from childhood through adulthood. New York, NY: Touchstone.

Phelan, T. W. (2000). All about attention deficit disorder (second edition). Symptoms, diagnosis and treatment: Children and adults. Glen Ellyn, IL: Child Management Inc.

Smith, D. D. (2007). Introduction to special education: Making a difference (sixth edition). Boston, MA: Allyn and Bacon.

Solden, S. (1995). Women with attention deficit disorder: Embracing disorganization at home and in the workplace. Grass Valley, CA: Underwood Books.

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