Adaptation Start to Finish in Colombia

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Information about Adaptation Start to Finish in Colombia
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Published on February 14, 2014

Author: cgiarclimate

Source: slideshare.net

Climate change adaptation from start to finish: The case for Colombia

The challenge: Colombia is a victim of climate variability Maíz Arroz T-Max Rendimient o Rendimient o T-Max Climate anomolies and production anomolies go hand in hand Fuente: Agronet y CRU (http://badc.nerc.ac.uk/data/cru/)

And in the long term • Coffee suitability in the Cauca region • Significant changes to 2020, drastic changes to 2050 • The Cauca case: reduced coffeee growing area and changes in geographic distribution. Some new opportunities. MECETA

Diagnose the problem

Vulnerability mapping Food security Income

Listen to farmers • Listen to local perspectives of vulnerability • Participatory identification of adaptation options Girardot - Maize Ipiales - Potato San Gil - Beans

A systematic look at impacts and economic costs across LAC • Detailed crop modelling of climate impacts across LAC • Analysis of social and economic impacts • Zoom in analysis at national level Crops Food Supply (kcal/capita/day) Harvested Area (Ha) Contribution to GDP DSSAT model? 41,171,982.60 10,270,087.00 28,633,254.40 8,988,559.80 5,943,971.40 7,240,355.00 342,874.20 199,494.00 1,190,503.00 5,706,389.00 2,052,958.80 998,955.20 242,739.60 1,495,006.20 Net Production Value (constant 2004-2006 1000 I$) 27,707,066 25,072,226 6,087,072 3,505,114 7,092,796 3,602,564 4,107,232 1,902,269 7,065,053 4,986,781 127,456 2,453,723 1,167,699 5,170,592 Soybean Sugar Cane Maize Wheat Rice Beans Tomatoes Pineapples Bananas Coffee Sorghum Potatoes Onions Oranges, Mandarines Palm Lemons, Limes Grapes Cottonseed Oil Apples Nuts Coconut Groundnuts Cassava Plantains Cocoa Beans sunflower Yams Mangoes 170 383 435 331 296 90 11 5 34 3 6 34 7 17 5 13 5 1 8 2 1 2 16 4 0 1 0 1 y n y y y y n n n n y y n n 64 3 1,085,119.00 319,617.20 1,078,458 2,095,406 1 0 n n 3 8 547,380.00 1,873,788.60 4,124,806 953,103 1 0 n n 5 6 21 11 44 33 3 18 12 NA 192,937.80 574,795.65 676,841.00 534,019.00 2,747,793.60 948,142.00 1,476,678.40 2,588,299.00 173,591.40 435,323.20 1,748,896 943,316 589,058 515,363 2,027,450 1,572,812 520,235 1,142,205 270,343 2,705,656 0 0 0 1 3 1 0 0 2 2 n n n y n n n n n n

Prioritise

Ranked List of Practices Practice CBA Quality 1 Silvopastoral Systems 1.5 2.11 2 Efficient Use of Fertilizer 1.4 2.87 3 Improved Forages 1.3 2.85 4 Biogas 1.2 2.36 Grass-Legume 5 Association 1.2 2.11 6 Water harvest structure 1.2 2.08 Silage, haylage and 7 nutritional blocks 1 2.01 9 Early warning systems 1 1.89

Act

Objectives 1) Generate capacity to reduce agroclimatic risk: modelling impacts and seasonal forecasting 2) Close the yield gap through climate specific agriculture 3) Evaluate and generate new adapted technologies 4) Evaluate resource efficient production systems (water and carbon footprints) and establish new incentive structures for their adoption (PES, NAMAs, low carbon development pathways etc.)

In action 9 Partners 52 Municipalities 16 Departments >800 experimental lots in 20 localities > 200 on farm participatory experiments > 40 events with 660 participants and 32 institutions 97 researchers working on the program > 70 technologies being evaluated

What defines yield? 51% of yield variation is caused by climate for rice

Matching technologies with climate in space and time

PROBABILISTIC PRECIPITATION FORECAST 33 Normal Below 33 31 22 27 31 33 Above 38 39 33 51 37 33 31 28 Agroclimatic Seasonal forecasting

Big opportunities for reducing water dependency

Global learning

Leb by Climate smart villages: Key agricultural activities for managing risks

Climate resilience Pulling the pieces together Adapted technologies Baseline Adapted technologies + Climatespecific management Adapted Adapted technologies technologies + + Climate-specific Climatemanagement specific + management Seasonal + agroclimatic Seasonal forecasts agroclimatic + forecasts Efficient resource use Climate smartness Adapted technologies + Climatespecific management + Seasonal agroclimatic forecasts + Efficient resource use + Enabling environment NAPs and NAMAs

Gracias! www.aclimatesectoragropecuariocolombiano.org

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