Act I Sins Of The Heartland

52 %
48 %
Information about Act I Sins Of The Heartland

Published on January 26, 2009

Author: mshomakerteach

Source: slideshare.net

Act I The Midwest and St. Louis

Geographically, the Midwest had established borders: Indiana on the east Illinois on the west Wisconsin/Minnesota on the north Illinois/Kentucky line on the south Missouri is often included Based on geography Missouri is usually classified as upper south by Midwesterners and Southerners The Midwest Geographically

Geographically, the Midwest had established borders:

Indiana on the east

Illinois on the west

Wisconsin/Minnesota on the north

Illinois/Kentucky line on the south

Missouri is often included

Based on geography

Missouri is usually classified as upper south by Midwesterners and Southerners

 

The Midwest is also a classifiable and distinct people group Mostly German, Norwegian, Swedish or similar lineage Or of eastern emigration Shares a number of similar traits: High Northern European lineage (smaller Anglo-Saxon lineage) Protestant (smaller number of Catholics—large Lutheran numbers) “ Standoffish” Agricultural Society Presence of “Protestant Work Ethic” Emphasis on familial tradition (has declined in recent years) The Midwest People Group

The Midwest is also a classifiable and distinct people group

Mostly German, Norwegian, Swedish or similar lineage

Or of eastern emigration

Shares a number of similar traits:

High Northern European lineage (smaller Anglo-Saxon lineage)

Protestant (smaller number of Catholics—large Lutheran numbers)

“ Standoffish”

Agricultural Society

Presence of “Protestant Work Ethic”

Emphasis on familial tradition (has declined in recent years)

Originally inhabited by mound builders Like the Cahokians French exploration by 1763—Joliet and Marquette traversed the Mississippi River Valley 5 years later La Salle claimed entire valley for France (called it “Louisiana” after Louis XIV) 1703: Priests establish a small mission 1763: Laclede de Liguest/Chouteau establish trading post to take advantage of river traffic Decided on present-day STL and laid out a grid exactly like New Orleans Brief History of STL

Originally inhabited by mound builders

Like the Cahokians

French exploration by 1763—Joliet and Marquette traversed the Mississippi River Valley

5 years later La Salle claimed entire valley for France (called it “Louisiana” after Louis XIV)

1703: Priests establish a small mission

1763: Laclede de Liguest/Chouteau establish trading post to take advantage of river traffic

Decided on present-day STL and laid out a grid exactly like New Orleans

STL’s economic and social hinge was the River Goods were loaded and unloaded from keel boats along a section of the city known as the levee—”The Landing” The Landing became one of the most congested areas of the early city Inhabited by industry, storefronts, warehouses, and tenements Brief History of STL…Cont’d.

STL’s economic and social hinge was the River

Goods were loaded and unloaded from keel boats along a section of the city known as the levee—”The Landing”

The Landing became one of the most congested areas of the early city

Inhabited by industry, storefronts, warehouses, and tenements

1817: Steamboat makes its way to STL STL=Northernmost stop for large vessels Steamboat transforms STL into a boom town, commercial center, and inland port By the 1830s it was common to see more than 150 steamboats at the Landing at one time By the 1850s STL had become the largest US city west of Pittsburgh 2 nd largest port in the country (only exceeded by N.Y.) Brief History of STL…Cont’d.

1817: Steamboat makes its way to STL

STL=Northernmost stop for large vessels

Steamboat transforms STL into a boom town, commercial center, and inland port

By the 1830s it was common to see more than 150 steamboats at the Landing at one time

By the 1850s STL had become the largest US city west of Pittsburgh

2 nd largest port in the country (only exceeded by N.Y.)

 

City was incorporated in 1822 15-20 years later immigrants began flooding STL Especially German and Irish During Reconstruction (1865-77) southern Blacks began pouring in Immigration caused an enormous population boom: 1840—Less than 20,000 1850—77,660 1860—More than 160,000 Brief History of STL…Cont’d.

City was incorporated in 1822

15-20 years later immigrants began flooding STL

Especially German and Irish

During Reconstruction (1865-77) southern Blacks began pouring in

Immigration caused an enormous population boom:

1840—Less than 20,000

1850—77,660

1860—More than 160,000

 

 

 

Immigrants took advantage of growing number of jobs along the river as well as inexpensive tenements Because of large number of “mob types” thriving on the levees, middle-class and wealthy STL citizens began moving away from the heart of the city Landing became rowdy working-class neighborhood and helped lead to a thriving gang culture throughout the late 1800s-early 1900s Brief History of STL…Cont’d.

Immigrants took advantage of growing number of jobs along the river as well as inexpensive tenements

Because of large number of “mob types” thriving on the levees, middle-class and wealthy STL citizens began moving away from the heart of the city

Landing became rowdy working-class neighborhood and helped lead to a thriving gang culture throughout the late 1800s-early 1900s

Act I: Scene II Chicago and New York

Geographically, Chicago is located in a swampy section of land between the Chicago and Des Moines Rivers Like STL, Chicago was inhabited by Native Americans Which remained until the US acquired the land under the Treaty of STL Incorporated in 1833 and within 7 years had a population of over 4,000 Brief History of Chicago

Geographically, Chicago is located in a swampy section of land between the Chicago and Des Moines Rivers

Like STL, Chicago was inhabited by Native Americans

Which remained until the US acquired the land under the Treaty of STL

Incorporated in 1833 and within 7 years had a population of over 4,000

Brief History of Chicago…Cont’d. Because of its location to major canals and rail lines Chicago became the transportation hub of the US Its geography caused several major problems: The prairie bog provided fertile ground for disease-carrying insects Spring in Chicago was so muddy horses got stuck past their legs in the streets Sewer and water problems—many described it as the “filthiest city in America”

Because of its location to major canals and rail lines Chicago became the transportation hub of the US

Its geography caused several major problems:

The prairie bog provided fertile ground for disease-carrying insects

Spring in Chicago was so muddy horses got stuck past their legs in the streets

Sewer and water problems—many described it as the “filthiest city in America”

That didn’t stop people from arriving though: 1840—92 nd most populated city in US 1860—9 th most populated 1857—Largest city in “Northwest” In 20 years it grew from 4,000 to over 90,000 Brief History of Chicago…Cont’d.

That didn’t stop people from arriving though:

1840—92 nd most populated city in US

1860—9 th most populated

1857—Largest city in “Northwest”

In 20 years it grew from 4,000 to over 90,000

1871—The Great Chicago Fire Supposedly caused by Mrs. O’Leary’s cow Most buildings in Chicago were made of wood so the fire spread quickly In the end: 300 people dead, 18,000 buildings destroyed, and 100,000 of the cities 300,000 were left homeless Its recreation made Chicago one of the great architectural playgrounds of the Midwest Brief History of Chicago…Cont’d.

1871—The Great Chicago Fire

Supposedly caused by Mrs. O’Leary’s cow

Most buildings in Chicago were made of wood so the fire spread quickly

In the end: 300 people dead, 18,000 buildings destroyed, and 100,000 of the cities 300,000 were left homeless

Its recreation made Chicago one of the great architectural playgrounds of the Midwest

 

 

Between 1870-1900 Chicago grew from 299,000 to 1.7 million The fastest growing city ever at that time Mostly caused by the economically-driven immigrants Chicago’s manufacturing and retail dominated the Midwest The Union Stock Yards dominated the packing trade Chicago became the world’s largest rail hub and one of the busiest ports Brief History of Chicago…Cont’d.

Between 1870-1900 Chicago grew from 299,000 to 1.7 million

The fastest growing city ever at that time

Mostly caused by the economically-driven immigrants

Chicago’s manufacturing and retail dominated the Midwest

The Union Stock Yards dominated the packing trade

Chicago became the world’s largest rail hub and one of the busiest ports

 

 

Chicago’s and STL’s urbanization was similar to that of New York: City began as a trading center, farming community, or transportation station Became industrialized during the Revolution (1830s-1840s) Immigrant (cheap) labor became the norm and life centered around industrial centers Middle Class/Wealthy citizens moved away from industrial center (taking money, influence, and support with them) What’s left is tenements, industrial centers, poor immigrants—prime breeding ground for gangs and vice Comparing Midwest and East

Chicago’s and STL’s urbanization was similar to that of New York:

City began as a trading center, farming community, or transportation station

Became industrialized during the Revolution (1830s-1840s)

Immigrant (cheap) labor became the norm and life centered around industrial centers

Middle Class/Wealthy citizens moved away from industrial center (taking money, influence, and support with them)

What’s left is tenements, industrial centers, poor immigrants—prime breeding ground for gangs and vice

STL stockyards in present-day East STL and the Union Stock Yards in Chicago near Dearborn Street and Michigan Avenue are good examples STL’s and Chicago’s crime districts developed around industry New York’s was slightly different Comparing Midwest and East…Cont’d.

STL stockyards in present-day East STL and the Union Stock Yards in Chicago near Dearborn Street and Michigan Avenue are good examples

STL’s and Chicago’s crime districts developed around industry

New York’s was slightly different

The Five Points Early on, the points was a swampy area surrounding the Collect A small island in the Collect was used for execution/punishment It then became “Magazine Island” holding gun powder In 1732 it was purchased and promised to be drained w/n a year for construction of a settlement

Early on, the points was a swampy area surrounding the Collect

A small island in the Collect was used for execution/punishment

It then became “Magazine Island” holding gun powder

In 1732 it was purchased and promised to be drained w/n a year for construction of a settlement

The Five Points…Cont’d. Draining was started, then abandoned Wealthy settlers built homes along the Collect and the swamps Waste and refuse filled the half-emptied pond After nearly 80 years the pond was filled, streets were lined out, and brothels and saloons opened for business

Draining was started, then abandoned

Wealthy settlers built homes along the Collect and the swamps

Waste and refuse filled the half-emptied pond

After nearly 80 years the pond was filled, streets were lined out, and brothels and saloons opened for business

 

 

Paradise Square, an intersection of the 5 main streets, was a gathering place for locals (the Points were peaceful for several years) Gang rivalry between the Points and the Bowery soon erupted The Native Americans fought the Irish and other immigrant gangs Rival Fire Companies fought each other The Points soon became the most dangerous location in New York City The Five Points…Cont’d.

Paradise Square, an intersection of the 5 main streets, was a gathering place for locals (the Points were peaceful for several years)

Gang rivalry between the Points and the Bowery soon erupted

The Native Americans fought the Irish and other immigrant gangs

Rival Fire Companies fought each other

The Points soon became the most dangerous location in New York City

Act II Gangs of the Midwest

What is a Gang? The word “gang” comes from “gonge” Meaning “Journey” Later meant a group (gonge) of sailors in the 15 th century Gangs of outlaws were found in Europe by Shakespeare’s time Frederic Thrasher named roving bands of street urchins gangs (1920s)

The word “gang” comes from “gonge”

Meaning “Journey”

Later meant a group (gonge) of sailors in the 15 th century

Gangs of outlaws were found in Europe by Shakespeare’s time

Frederic Thrasher named roving bands of street urchins gangs (1920s)

What is a Gang?...Cont’d. 4 types of organizations led to modern gangs: 1. Secret Societies 2. Outlaw gangs of the West 3. Racist organizations 4. “Voting Gangs” We’ll next look at each

4 types of organizations led to modern gangs:

1. Secret Societies

2. Outlaw gangs of the West

3. Racist organizations

4. “Voting Gangs”

We’ll next look at each

1. Secret Societies Two secret societites had profound influence on US gangs: Chinese Triads Italian Mafia Triads started as political resistance Tongs in NY and CHI

Two secret societites had profound influence on US gangs:

Chinese Triads

Italian Mafia

Triads started as political resistance

Tongs in NY and CHI

1. Secret Societies…Cont’d. Mafia is the most well-known and romanticized gang culture Began in Sicily when it was controlled by Spain (1600s) Ruled Western Sicily (1800s-early 1900s)

Mafia is the most well-known and romanticized gang culture

Began in Sicily when it was controlled by Spain (1600s)

Ruled Western Sicily (1800s-early 1900s)

1. Secret Societies…Cont’d. Mafiosi gained respect through violence The “Black Hand” was a dangerous American mafia product Practiced extortion on Italian immigrants Also responsible for large number of deaths in CHI in early 1900s Mafia did not develop as well in STL or CHI as it did in NYC

Mafiosi gained respect through violence

The “Black Hand” was a dangerous American mafia product

Practiced extortion on Italian immigrants

Also responsible for large number of deaths in CHI in early 1900s

Mafia did not develop as well in STL or CHI as it did in NYC

2. Outlaws in the West As western cities grew so did a culture of male violence Partly goes back to gold rush (1840s) 90,000 men competing for wealth Mining camps/towns were cut-throat

As western cities grew so did a culture of male violence

Partly goes back to gold rush (1840s)

90,000 men competing for wealth

Mining camps/towns were cut-throat

2. Outlaws in the West…Cont’d. Jesse James, Cole Younger, and gangs scoured MO during the late 19 th century Other gangs of outlaws also rode the plains of Illinois Mostly bank and train robberies

Jesse James, Cole Younger, and gangs scoured MO during the late 19 th century

Other gangs of outlaws also rode the plains of Illinois

Mostly bank and train robberies

3. Racist Gangs Many gangs of armed young men were racially motivated but not solely in the south Racial tensions in STL, CHI, and NYC were constant Look at the enormous amount of immigrants Ex. 1863 Draft Riots (NYC) Ex. Know-Nothing Riots (1840s—NYC) EX. 1854 Know-Nothing Riot (STL)

Many gangs of armed young men were racially motivated but not solely in the south

Racial tensions in STL, CHI, and NYC were constant

Look at the enormous amount of immigrants

Ex. 1863 Draft Riots (NYC)

Ex. Know-Nothing Riots (1840s—NYC)

EX. 1854 Know-Nothing Riot (STL)

3. Racist Gangs…Cont’d. Comp. for jobs and other economic factors were often at the root KKK was formed in the south after the Civil War Against Radical Republicanism at first Anti-Black focus came later Gen. Nathan Bedford Forrest

Comp. for jobs and other economic factors were often at the root

KKK was formed in the south after the Civil War

Against Radical Republicanism at first

Anti-Black focus came later

Gen. Nathan Bedford Forrest

4. Voting Gangs Concentrated in NYC (east coast) Supposedly an Irish institution Gangs hired to beat up opponents, threaten voters, steal ballots, burn voting booths, etc. Masked under names like “Social Athletic Clubs” Democratic Party in CHI was notorious and borrowed the custom from NYC

Concentrated in NYC (east coast)

Supposedly an Irish institution

Gangs hired to beat up opponents, threaten voters, steal ballots, burn voting booths, etc.

Masked under names like “Social Athletic Clubs”

Democratic Party in CHI was notorious and borrowed the custom from NYC

The Chicago Race Riot July 27-August 2, 1919: race riots broke out 38 dead, 537 injured, 1000 homeless What started the riot: A black teenager floated into the waters of the “white area” of a white beach in Chicago He was drowned by several white males Fueled by the long history of racism, segregation, and organized activities of white gangs (many of which were sponsored by Chicago’s political machine).

July 27-August 2, 1919: race riots broke out

38 dead, 537 injured, 1000 homeless

What started the riot:

A black teenager floated into the waters of the “white area” of a white beach in Chicago

He was drowned by several white males

Fueled by the long history of racism, segregation, and organized activities of white gangs (many of which were sponsored by Chicago’s political machine).

White Gangs in Chicago...Cont’d. Most of the white gangs came from the Union Stockyards The Canaryville Bunch and the Hamburgs were especially notorious They burned, killed, looted, and caused chaos for several days

Most of the white gangs came from the Union Stockyards

The Canaryville Bunch and the Hamburgs were especially notorious

They burned, killed, looted, and caused chaos for several days

Ragen’s Colts "At 51st Street and Shields Avenue, for example, three blocks west of Wentworth, there had been for years a black enclave of nine families, but that night the Ragen Colts tried to burn it to th ground. Throughout the afternoon, reported Harriett White, one of the black residents, there had been rumors of a mob that intended to "run all the niggers out of this section tonight." Repeated telephone calls to the police had brought only a brief visit by about ten mounted policemen at 6:30. Two hours later the Colts arrived, 200 strong, and they "started throwing rocks, bricks, and other missiles and shooting into...houses..." Then they began storming through the front doors, smashing furniture and throwing it through windows, and putting the torch to everything. "Bricks, stones, and shots entered my home, forcing me to leave," recalled Mrs. White. Having done their work, the Colts left a warning: "if you open your mouth against 'Ragen's' we will not only burn your house down, we will 'do' you."

"At 51st Street and Shields Avenue, for example, three blocks west of Wentworth, there had been for years a black enclave of nine families, but that night the Ragen Colts tried to burn it to th ground. Throughout the afternoon, reported Harriett White, one of the black residents, there had been rumors of a mob that intended to "run all the niggers out of this section tonight." Repeated telephone calls to the police had brought only a brief visit by about ten mounted policemen at 6:30. Two hours later the Colts arrived, 200 strong, and they "started throwing rocks, bricks, and other missiles and shooting into...houses..." Then they began storming through the front doors, smashing furniture and throwing it through windows, and putting the torch to everything. "Bricks, stones, and shots entered my home, forcing me to leave," recalled Mrs. White. Having done their work, the Colts left a warning: "if you open your mouth against 'Ragen's' we will not only burn your house down, we will 'do' you."

Add a comment

Related presentations

Related pages

Act I Sins Of The Heartland - Documents - docslide.us

1. Act I The Midwest and St. Louis 2. Geographically, the Midwest had established borders: Indiana on the east Illinois on the west Wisconsin/Minnesota on ...
Read more

Mr. Heartland (manga) | Yu-Gi-Oh! | Fandom powered by Wikia

Mr. Heartland (manga) 96,594 pages ... Heartland told Kaito that this action was a big act of ... and claimed that Mr. Heartland was to be prosecuted for ...
Read more

Trouble in the Heartland - Los Angeles Review of Books

Trouble in the Heartland. By Evelyn McDonnell. ... was an act performed in ... As well as revealing the sins of patriarchy visited upon his ...
Read more

Heartland | Hellblazer Wiki | Fandom powered by Wikia

Original Sins; The Fear Machine; Dangerous Habits; ... Heartland (January 1997) is a ... The pair act coolly around each other.
Read more

Michelle Morgan - IMDb

Michelle Morgan, Actress: Heartland. ... Represent Michelle Morgan? Add contact information; ... - Be All My Sins Remember'd (2008) ...
Read more

Business Consulting Solutions - GSA Home

Business Consulting Solutions: ... Heartland; Region 7 | Greater Southwest; ... No FEAR Act; Reports; Website Information.
Read more

To: Governor-elect Bruce Rauner From: Date: Re: Sins of ...

To: Governor-elect Bruce Rauner From: Tim Nuding, Budget Director for the Transition Date: December 30, 2014 Re: Sins of the Past and Dishonest State Budgets
Read more

Mumford & Sons - Dust and Thunder

Mumford & Sons live from South Africa: Dust and Thunder. In selected cinemas worldwide from November 08. Find participating tickets and venues at ...
Read more

Financial & Business Solutions - GSA Home

... Heartland; Region 7 | Greater Southwest; ... Financial & Business Solutions. ... Freedom of Information Act Requests; No FEAR Act;
Read more