Acid Rain Up

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Education

Published on October 13, 2008

Author: drloewen

Source: slideshare.net

Acid Rain

Where in the World? Acid rain is ma inly a problem in developed countries, especially tho se with a lot of power stations which emit toxic gases . The countries whi ch burn a lot of fossil fuels UK North America Europe

Acid rain is ma inly a problem in developed countries, especially tho se with a lot of power stations which emit toxic gases .

The countries whi ch burn a lot of fossil fuels

UK

North America

Europe

Countries in Asia which are developing very fast and industrializing. China India Japan Trade winds blow the toxic gases which create Acid Rain from the UK to: Norway Sweden Germany Scandinavia

Countries in Asia which are developing very fast and industrializing.

China

India

Japan

Trade winds blow the toxic gases which create Acid Rain from the UK to:

Norway

Sweden

Germany

Scandinavia

 

Causes of Acid Rain Acid Rain primarily consists of two compounds: 30 % nitric acid (chemical formula: HNO3) 70 % sulphuric acid (chemical formula: H2SO4). Primary Pollutants of Sulphur Dioxide and Nitrogen Oxide : Coal powered po wer stations Exhausts from ca rs , trucks and other vehicles Industries Burning of Fossil Fuels

Acid Rain primarily consists of two compounds:

30 % nitric acid (chemical formula: HNO3)

70 % sulphuric acid (chemical formula: H2SO4).

Primary Pollutants of Sulphur Dioxide and Nitrogen Oxide :

Coal powered po wer stations

Exhausts from ca rs , trucks and other vehicles

Industries

Burning of Fossil Fuels

 

Impacts Biosphere (Plants and Animals): Acid Rain dissolves all the nutrients and the useful minerals for the tree to live and grow. Toxins ( aluminum) , clog the roots of the trees so they cannot soak up water to grow and to live. Acid clouds drain the nutrients from the leaves of the trees and plants whilst removing the wax layer which protect the leaves. Weakens the process of photosynthesis . The lack of nutrients enables the plant/tree to weaken, making the trees prone to diseases and insects which could kill them.

Biosphere (Plants and Animals):

Acid Rain dissolves all the nutrients and the useful minerals for the tree to live and grow.

Toxins ( aluminum) , clog the roots of the trees so they cannot soak up water to grow and to live.

Acid clouds drain the nutrients from the leaves of the trees and plants whilst removing the wax layer which protect the leaves.

Weakens the process of photosynthesis .

The lack of nutrients enables the plant/tree to weaken, making the trees prone to diseases and insects which could kill them.

 

Impa cts Lithosphere (rocks and soil): Acid rain dissolves marble ,  ruin many famous statues and loses their features Buildings and houses are ruined Ancient monuments can never be replaced Repairing the damages costs billions of dollars .

Lithosphere (rocks and soil):

Acid rain dissolves marble ,  ruin many famous statues and loses their features

Buildings and houses are ruined

Ancient monuments can never be replaced

Repairing the damages costs billions of dollars .

Impacts Atmosphere: The sulfur dioxide and nitrogen oxide gases , causes respiratory diseases. asthma chronic bronchitis. Tiny Particles cause difficulty in breathing for humans and animals. This can also lead to permanent lung damage

Atmosphere:

The sulfur dioxide and nitrogen oxide gases , causes respiratory diseases.

asthma

chronic bronchitis.

Tiny Particles cause difficulty in breathing for humans and animals.

This can also lead to permanent lung damage

Impacts Hydrosphere: Once a pH of 7 (neutral) can fall to 4-5. Many fish are poisoned and die due to the acidity of the water. The food chain is completely interrupted . The animals which are not affected by the acidity die due to starvation . Humans and animals can become ill if eating a fish which is filled with toxins. The aluminum in the soils due to Acid rain destroys the marine plant life.

Hydrosphere:

Once a pH of 7 (neutral) can fall to 4-5.

Many fish are poisoned and die due to the acidity of the water.

The food chain is completely interrupted . The animals which are not affected by the acidity die due to starvation .

Humans and animals can become ill if eating a fish which is filled with toxins.

The aluminum in the soils due to Acid rain destroys the marine plant life.

 

Impacts Man: Respiratory problems and lung damage . Low visibility - traffic accidents. Illnesses such as cancer , which lead to the deaths of many lives. Farmers can be become unemployed as the crops are not well nourished Companies need to pay millions of dollars to repair any building damages due to the acid rain.

Man:

Respiratory problems and lung damage .

Low visibility - traffic accidents.

Illnesses such as cancer , which lead to the deaths of many lives.

Farmers can be become unemployed as the crops are not well nourished

Companies need to pay millions of dollars to repair any building damages due to the acid rain.

Solutions Short Term Limestone to neutralize the acid to decrease acid levels Use public transport or carpool to reduce the emissions from the car exhaust. “ Catalytic converters” change the toxic gases into less polluting gases which reduces risk of lung illnesses.

Short Term

Limestone to neutralize the acid to decrease acid levels

Use public transport or carpool to reduce the emissions from the car exhaust.

“ Catalytic converters” change the toxic gases into less polluting gases which reduces risk of lung illnesses.

Solutions Long Term: This is an international problem countries need to make agreements. Sulphur and nitrogen gas emissions should be reduced Decrease of burning of fossil fuels. Alternative energy sources

Long Term:

This is an international problem

countries need to make agreements.

Sulphur and nitrogen gas emissions should be reduced

Decrease of burning of fossil fuels.

Alternative energy sources

 

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