Accessing the Airspace

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Published on October 3, 2008

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ASTM International Committee F38 on Unmanned Aircraft Systems:  Accessing the Airspace Using ASTM International Standards AUVSI Unmanned Systems North America 2007 F38 Workshop Washington, DC / 10 August 2007 ASTM International Committee F38 on Unmanned Aircraft Systems F38 Mission & Strategy:  F38 Mission & Strategy F38 Mission - Vision, Mission, and Operating Principles :  F38 Mission - Vision, Mission, and Operating Principles The Vision for F38 is to help provide routine, safe UAS operations in civil airspace through standardization. The Mission of F38 is to produce practical, consensus standards that facilitate UAS operations at an acceptable level of safety. These standards include the design, manufacture, maintenance and operation of unmanned aircraft systems as well as the training and qualification of personnel. Committee F38 supports industry, academia, government organizations and regulatory authorities. F38 operates under the principles that practical standards are a cost effective means of promoting commercial success, and that consensus processes protect the balance of interests among stakeholders. F38 Outlined Workflow - Environmental Basis for Workflow:  Increasing Regulation Unregulated Voluntary Standards, Club Practices Comply w/ Industry Standards Light Sport Aircraft Small: Kites, Balloons, Rockets, Models Large Aircraft, Airlines, Overwater, & Int’l Ops Moored Balloons, Kites, Unmanned Rockets, Unmanned Free Balloons, Ultralights, and Parachutists F38 Outlined Workflow - Environmental Basis for Workflow Minimum regulation Club Rules, Guides, Insurance Regulation via Standards Show Compliance w/ Rules; can use TSO or Industry Standards with Increasing Reliability and Assurance Requirements General Aviation, VFR Ops Transports, IFR Ops Experimental Aircraft F38 Outlined Workflow - Environmental Basis for Workflow / Business Case:  Commercial success requires profitable return. Which requires reducing risk. Transfer some risk to insurers. But insurers want predictability. Which leads to profitable returns. Which makes our industry safe and reliable. So they require us to abide by standards. F38 Outlined Workflow - Environmental Basis for Workflow / Business Case About ASTM International:  About ASTM International ASTM International’s Primary Objective:  ASTM International’s Primary Objective … is to be the foremost developer and provider of consensus standards, related technical information, and services having globally recognized quality and market relevance. The ASTM International Standards Development Process:  The ASTM International Standards Development Process A Proven and Practical System that is Driven by Direct-Stakeholder Participation, for Developing Voluntary, Consensus Standards for Materials, Products, Systems & Services World-Wide. A Portfolio of Approximately 12,000 Standards Used Internationally; 3,500 are the Basis of National Standards and Regulation in 76 Countries. Always Reflect Current Technology as they are Continually Revised. Over 31,000 Members from 130 Countries Participate on ASTM International Committees; users from 175 countries. Standards Development Process complies with WTO’s TBT Requirements. No Project Costs. ASTM International: The Power of Partnership:  ASTM International: The Power of Partnership All stakeholders involved Neutral forum with consensus-based procedures Private and public sector cooperation Adoptions of standards from E54, F37, F38 and F39 by DoD, FAA, CASA, DHS and other entities MOUs with NATO, DOD, and Standards Bodies of 48 Countries EXAMPLES: Product manufacturers • Federal agencies • Associations • Professional societies • UAS professionals and consultants • Financial organizations • Academia • Research institutions and laboratories 140 Technical Committees:  140 Technical Committees A01 on Steel, Stainless Steel, & Related Alloys B07 on Light Metals & Alloys D02 on Petroleum Products & Lubricants D20 on Plastics E34 on Occupational Health & Safety E54 on Homeland Security Applications E54.08 on Operational Equipment / Urban Search & Rescue Robots F04 on Medical Devices F37 on Light Sport Aircraft F39 on General & Utility Category Aircraft Wiring Systems F41 on Unmanned Undersea Vehicle Systems A FEW OTHER EXAMPLES……… Slide11:  Specifically Designed to Support the development and Delivery of technical information – making it “uncomplicated” ASTM’s Infrastructure Development of technical formation Full administrative support through staff management, editorial assistance, and web infrastructure Delivery of technical information 200 global points of resale and electronic flexibility of products Time Frame for Developing Information:  Time Frame for Developing Information Complexity of the job Urgency of needs Time devoted by members Utilization of new informational technologies ASTM’s average standard development time is 17 months New committees average lesser times of about 9 – 16 months Technical Committee Organization:  Technical Committee Organization Committees form to address industry subjects, with subcommittees addressing specialized subsets. Main Committee Subcommittee .01 Subcommittee .02 Subcommittee .03 TG 1 TG 2 TG 1 TG 2 TG 1 TG 2 Approved Standards Achieve Separate Subcommittee and Main Committee Approvals, as well as a Society Review and “Internal Audit.” Slide14:  Members Have Instant Access to Rosters, Minutes, Agendas, Ballot Items, & Workflow Submissions… Website Functionality Slide15:  Minutes and Agendas Select the Link to the Desired Minutes/Agenda, & a Downloadable/Printable PDF Appears. Website Functionality Rosters Links to members with all Contact Information Slide16:  Ballots Select the Link to the Desired Ballot (Listed by Subcommittee), & Review a Ballot that Lists All Items Under Review. To View a Specific Item, Click its Link, & a Downloadable/Printable PDF appears. Vote on the Item (Affirmative, Negative, Abstain, or Provide Comments) by Simply Selecting the Toggle. Website Functionality Slide17:  F38 Standard Portfolio Strategy: Building the Safety Case F38 – Mini UAS Suite Portfolio Priority:  - Mini UAS Airworthiness Standard - Remote Control - Visual Range Operations Standard - Remote Control Visual Range Pilot Training Standard - Mini UAS Operation Handbook These standards contribute to: Special Airworthiness Certification, Program letter Safety checklist Certificates of Authorization (COA) Approved Commercial Flight Under FAA Rules F38 – Mini UAS Suite Portfolio Priority F38 Outlined Workflow - Existing Subcommittee Structure:  F38 Outlined Workflow - Existing Subcommittee Structure What do you need to fly? …A System Safety Case System Certification and Flight Authority Operations protocols & component performance Crew training & human factors consideration F38.01 Airworthiness Standards Safe design, construction, test, modification, & inspection of the individual component, aircraft, or system; hardware oriented F38.02 Operations Standards Safe employment of the system within the aviation environment among other aircraft & systems; procedure/ performance oriented F38.03 Pilot & Maintenance Qualifications Safe practices by the individuals responsible for employing the system; crew oriented F38 Outlined Workflow - Existing Subcommittee Structure – Why?:  What do you need to fly? System Certification and Flight Authority Operations protocols and component performance Crew training and human factors consideration You would need Reliability and Airworthiness Standards Aircraft, Control Station, Datalink Support Equipment Standards Launch & recovery equipment Starters, power supplies, fueling / de-fueling, others F38 Outlined Workflow - Existing Subcommittee Structure – Why? F38 Outlined Workflow - Existing Subcommittee Structure – Why?:  What do you need to fly? System Certification and Flight Authority Operations protocols and component performance Crew training and human factors consideration You would need Standardized flight procedures Standardized maintenance procedures Safe separation from other airspace users Others, of course F38 Outlined Workflow - Existing Subcommittee Structure – Why? F38 Outlined Workflow - Existing Subcommittee Structure – Why?:  What do you need to fly? System Certification and Flight Authority Operations protocols and component performance Crew training and human factors consideration You would need Pilot certification system Category and type, ratings, limitations Criteria to certify air-crewmen Eligibility, Knowledge, Experience, Test Standards Criteria to certify maintainers Others, of course F38 Outlined Workflow - Existing Subcommittee Structure – Why? Gap Analysis: Outlining F38 Workflow:  Gap Analysis: Outlining F38 Workflow F38 Structure and Workflow - Gap Analysis Objective:  Gap Analysis Objectives To provide guidance for standards bodies and user groups engaged in developing or adopting standards governing unmanned aircraft system design, manufacture, test, training, operation, and maintenance To identify gaps in standards coverage unique to needs of unmanned aviation To preclude duplicating existing standards already applicable to unmanned aviation To be the leader and first choice in standards deliverables for the UAS industry by delivering prompt and relevant standards products to industry F38 Structure and Workflow - Gap Analysis Objective F38 Structure and Workflow - Gap Analysis Structure (Supplement at End):  F38 Structure and Workflow - Gap Analysis Structure (Supplement at End) - Launchers From the ASTM F38.01 Standards Roadmap: Level 2 - Avionics:  Comm/Nav RTCA DO-187, DO-208, DO-278 Computers (SAE AS-2 works) Safety/Sit. Aware MIL-STD 882 Sense & Avoid ASTM F2411-04 Standard Specification for Design and Performance of an Airborne Sense-and-Avoid System, RTCA DO-268 Anti-icing/Deicing SAE AS5498, AIR 4367 Transponders FAA TSO Links Security-none; NATO STANAG 4586; RTCA DO-254; SAE ARP4791 Software RTCA DO-178B General (SAE AS-1 works); ARINC 429 (analog) and 629 (digital) From the ASTM F38.01 Standards Roadmap: Level 2 - Avionics F38 Structure and Workflow - Gap Analysis Structure (Supplement at End) …An example of in-depth research Slide27:  F38 Special Awards Slide28:  JIPT Discussion UAS Airspace Integration Joint IPT:  UAS Airspace Integration Joint IPT Tri-Service UAS Airspace Integration Joint Integrated Product Team (JIPT) chartered by the Air Force, Army, and Navy UAS Program Offices to coordinate related technology and standards development for worldwide airspace Standards Development Activity Center serves as JIPT focal point for coordinating its standards needs with ASTM, FINAS, RTCA, SAE, other SDOs and the DSPO JIPT Strategy for Airspace Integration:  JIPT Strategy for Airspace Integration Slide31:  JIPT Air Force (303 AESW) Army (SFAE-AV-UAS) Navy (PMA-263) Service UAS PO Collision Avoidance JUAS MRB Pentagon JCOE Creech AFB FAA PBFA (UAS SG) DHS S&T Airworthiness Operations & Procedure Command and Communications Systems Engineering & Integration Requirements Analysis Modeling & Simulation Standards Dev Specialty Engineering Test & Evaluation Activity Centers USSOCOM CJCS USD(AT&L) USD(I) USD(P) USD(C) ASD(HD) ASD(NII) CHAIR GC,DoD DOT&E USN USA USAF USMC UAS PTF DoD Policy Board on Federal Aviation Slide32:  Defense Standardization Program Office Slide33:  ADOPTION OF NON-GOVERNMENT STANDARDS IN THE DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE Importance of NGSs to DoD :  Importance of NGSs to DoD BOTTOM LINE: DOD CANNOT AFFORD TO SUPPORT A DEFENSE-UNIQUE INFRASTRUCTURE Benefits of Adoption:  Benefits of Adoption Adoption Not Necessary for Use, BUT….. Visibility via ASSIST database Measure of confidence in document Identifies DoD Technical Focal Point Adoption notice may provide application and other guidance ADOPTION DOES NOT MEAN NGS MUST BE USED -- ONLY THAT SOMEONE IN DoD IS USING NGS Which NGS Organization?:  Which NGS Organization? Requiring Activity Must Decide 90% DoD Adopted NGS From Only 10 NGS Organizations Copies of Adopted NGS:  Copies of Adopted NGS Adopted NGS listed in the Acquisition Streamlining and Standardization Information System (ASSIST) database website: www.assist.daps.dla.mil NGS Developer Commercial Data Vendors Slide39:  Membership Notes Defining F38’s “Balance”:  Defining F38’s “Balance” Member Type Individual Corporation Temporary (courtesy trial membership) Classification Producer: Seller of products and services User: Buyer of products and services General: Other interested parties Voting Status Tracked by: Type Classification Interest (i.e., company or organization) F38 Membership:  F38 Membership 211 Members 12 Countries 4 Continents F38 Membership:  F38 Membership Slide43:  F38 Structure and Workflow F38.01 on Airworthiness Standards F38 Outlined Workflow - F38.01 on Airworthiness: Existing Standards:  F38 Outlined Workflow - F38.01 on Airworthiness: Existing Standards F2411-07 Standard Specification for Design and Performance of an Airborne Sense-and-Avoid System F2501-06 Standard Practices for Unmanned Aircraft System Airworthiness F2505-06 Standard Practice for Application of Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) Federal Aviation Regulations Part 21 Requirements to Unmanned Aircraft Systems (UAS)      F2512-07 Standard Practice for Quality Assurance in the Manufacture of Light Unmanned Aircraft System F2584-06 Standard Practice for Maintenance and Development of Maintenance Manuals for Light Unmanned Aircraft System (UAS) F2585-06 Standard Specification for Design and Performance of Pneumatic-Hydraulic Unmanned Aircraft System (UAS) Launch System F2612-07 Standard Practice for Design and Manufacture of Turbine Engines for Unmanned Aircraft System F2667-07 Standard Practice for Design and Manufacture of Compression Ignition Engines for Unmanned Aircraft System F38 Outlined Workflow - F38.01 on Airworthiness: Proposed Standards:  WK6783 FAR Part 27 Review For Civil Unmanned Rotorcraft (CUR) Requirements WK7067 Continued Operational Safety Monitoring of the Light Unmanned Airplane Systems (UAS) WK7977 Standard Practice for Design and Manufacture of Reciprocating Engines for Unmanned Aircraft Systems WK13686 Guide for Suggested Procedures for Applying for a Special Certificate of Airworthiness (CofA) Experimental (UAS) or a Type Certificate for an Unmanned Aircraft System WK13935 Standard Guide for Mini UAS Airworthiness WK15881 Specification for Design and Performance of UAS Recovery Systems F38 Outlined Workflow - F38.01 on Airworthiness: Proposed Standards F38 – Mini UAS Airworthiness:  Assure public safety Target the single man operation Sufficient, not excessive Limit to Visual Range and Remote Control operations Includes altitude hold type functions RC is always connected Design so users can and will use it F38 – Mini UAS Airworthiness Design and Performance:  Design and Performance Standard sequence found in FAR 23: Applicability Flight Structure Design and Construction Powerplant Topics Covered:  Topics Covered Design and Performance Required Equipment Quality Assurance Acceptance Tests Aircraft Operating Instructions Maintenance and Inspection Procedures Identification and Recording of Major Repairs and Major Alterations Continued Airworthiness Issues still open:  Issues still open Pilot Operating Handbook description Whether or not we need more specifics in QA Further development of test procedures           Decision on Specification or Guide Slide50:  F38 Structure and Workflow F38.02 on Operations Standards F38 Outlined Workflow - F38.02 on Operations: Existing and Proposed Standards:  Existing F2395-07 Standard Terminology for Unmanned Air Vehicle Systems F2500-07 Standard Practice for Unmanned Aircraft System (UAS) Visual Range Flight Operations Proposed WK13989 Mini-UAS, Visual Range Operators F38 Outlined Workflow - F38.02 on Operations: Existing and Proposed Standards WK13989 Mini-UAS, Visual Range Operators:  WK13989 Mini-UAS, Visual Range Operators Hazard and Risk Analysis Mitigation and Company Operating Procedures How to use Airworthiness, VR Operations, and VR-RC Pilot documents Aircraft handbook and maintenance -- documentation Types of operations -- documentation Training, Qual, Currency and Documentation Part 91 operations – not for sport or recreation Business Aviation Operation model Organization of Standard:  Organization of Standard 1 Company Organization 2 Company Safety Management System 3 Operational Control 4 Operating Requirements 5 Emergency Procedures and Equipment 7 Qualifications and Training 8 Record Keeping 9 Aircraft Maintenance 10 Security Procedures 11 Transportation of Dangerous Goods 12 Company Forms 13 Company Directives Slide54:  F38 Structure and Workflow F38.03 on Operator/Maintainer Quals. F38 Outlined Workflow - F38.03 on Pilot and Maintenance Operations: Existing and Proposed Standards:  Existing F2635-07 Standard Classification for Unmanned Aircraft Pilot Certification Proposed WK8962 Standard Practice for Remote Control Pilots Operating within Visual Range (awaiting publication) WK11174 Commercial Pilot Unmanned Aircraft Practical Test Standards WK11425 Private Pilot Unmanned Aircraft Practical Test Standards F38 Outlined Workflow - F38.03 on Pilot and Maintenance Operations: Existing and Proposed Standards Existing Pilot Classification:  Existing Pilot Classification F2635 UAS Pilot Classification:  F2635 UAS Pilot Classification Summary & Moving Forward:  Summary & Moving Forward F38 Outlined Workflow - Proposed New Areas :  F38 Outlined Workflow - Proposed New Areas F38 Proposed/Additional Subcommittee Structure F38.0x – Payloads (Proposed) Standard test methods for payloads to comply w/S&A Standard payload interfaces IP messaging service F38.0x - Support Equipment (Proposed) Launch equipment (Rail, rocket, air) Recovery equipment (Arresting gear, nets, etc.) Fueling / de-fueling Ground power, backup power Test Equipment Toolkits Transport equipment (Containers, towing, etc.) F38.0x – Control Stations (Proposed) Supplement: Gap Analysis:  Supplement: Gap Analysis Supplement - Gap Analysis in Detail:  Supplement - Gap Analysis in Detail Recalling Subcommittee Structure: F38.01 Airworthiness Standards F38.02 Operations Standards F38.03 Pilot & Maintenance Qualifications The Gap Analysis Will provide guidance for standards bodies and user groups engaged in developing or adopting standards governing unmanned aircraft system design, manufacture, test, training, operation, and maintenance preclude duplicating existing standards already applicable to unmanned aviation identify gaps in standards coverage unique to needs of unmanned aviation Roadmap Key: ASTM F38 standards in progress - in orange ASTM approved standards – in yellow Outstanding needs – in red F38 Structure and Workflow - Gap Analysis Structure (Supplement at End):  F38 Structure and Workflow - Gap Analysis Structure (Supplement at End) - Launchers Slide64:  The ASTM F38.01 Standards Roadmap: Level 1 - Airworthiness - Launchers The ASTM F38.01 Standards Roadmap: Level 2 – AIRFRAME (under Level 1 Airworthiness):  Materials…………………………..MIL HDBK 5 (metals), 17 (composites) Structures…………………………MIL-HDBK 1530; MIL-STD 403A Landing Gear…………………….JIS W2502; FAA TSO-C62d; MIL-T-504; SAE ARP1493A Wheels/Brakes/Skid Control ARP1595A, ARP1907A, ARP813B, SAE ARP1311B, Gears/Struts/ Couplings ARP1598AAIR1494A, AIR4566, SAE AIR5487, AS1188 Tires Launch Devices…………………. ASTM F2585 Standard Specification for the Design and Performance of a Pneumatic UAS Launch System Recovery Devices………………. WK15881 Specification for Design and Performance of UAS Recovery Systems Environmental……………………(see next chart) RTCA DO-160C, External MIL HDBK 237 Internal (Onboard) General…………………………….14 CFR 21, 23, 25, 27, 29; ASTM F2501-06 Standard Practices for Unmanned Aircraft System Airworthiness, ASTM F2501 Recommended Practices for Unmanned Aircraft System Airworthiness The ASTM F38.01 Standards Roadmap: Level 2 – AIRFRAME (under Level 1 Airworthiness) The ASTM F38.01 Standards Roadmap: Level 3/4/5/6 - Environmental:  General SAE ARP147E (terminology), ARP780B (symbols) External Altitude (TPH) MIL-STD 202, 810; RTCA DO-160; NEBS GR-63-CORE De-icing/Anti-icing (see Avionics/Safety; SAE AC-9C work) Rain, ice, lightning, etc. SAE AIR1168/4, ARP 5577; MIL-STD 810; RTCA DO-160 Salt, fog, dust, etc. MIL-STD 820; ASTM B117 Practice for Operating Salt Spray (Fog) Apparatus Fungus ASTM D120 Specification for Rubber Insulating Gloves, D470 Method for Crosslinked Insulations and Jackets for Wire and Cable, D518 Method for Rubber Deterioration- Surface Cracking; MIL-STD 810; RTCA DO-160 EMI, HERO, etc. MIL-STD 461D, 646; SAE ARP1972, ARP5583, ARP5889 Solar weather JEDEC JESD-89 Internal (Onboard) Temperature SAE AIR64B, AIR89D, AIR1277B, AS8040A Pressure SAE AIR1168/7 Humidity SAE AIR1609A, ARP987A Shock/Vibration/Accel MIL-STD 167, 202, 331 (catapult/arrested landing), 810 Acoustic SAE AIR1826 The ASTM F38.01 Standards Roadmap: Level 3/4/5/6 - Environmental The ASTM F38.01 Standards Roadmap: Level 2 - Powerplants:  Reciprocating Engines 14 CFR 33, 34, 36; SAE AS25109, AS1B, ASTM WK9561 Design and Manufacture of Compression Ignition Engines for Unmanned Aircraft System Propellers 14 CFR 35; SAE ARP355, AS107, AIR1872 Turbines 14 CFR 35, 34, 36; SAE ARP748A, AIR1872, ASTM WK9560 Practice for Design and Manufacture of Turbine Engines for Unmanned Aircraft System Electric Batteries IEC Std 952-1; MIL-B-8565; IEC 21/466/CD Solar (Photovoltaic) IEC 61427:1999 Radioisotope SAE AIR1213 Generators/Starters SAE AS13 Fuels ASTM D910 Specification for Aviation Gasolines, D1655 Specification for Aviation Turbine Fuels Systems/Instruments SAE AIR1408, AS407, AS431, AR1326 Tanks SAE AIR4069A, AS5502A, AMSS8802B General (SAE E-25 works); MIL-STD-8879c The ASTM F38.01 Standards Roadmap: Level 2 - Powerplants The ASTM F38.01 Standards Roadmap: Level 2 - Avionics:  Comm/Nav RTCA DO-187, DO-208, DO-278 Computers (SAE AS-2 works) Safety/Sit. Aware MIL-STD 882 Sense & Avoid ASTM F2411-04 Standard Specification for Design and Performance of an Airborne Sense-and-Avoid System, RTCA DO-268 Anti-icing/Deicing SAE AS5498, AIR 4367 Transponders FAA TSO Links Security-none; NATO STANAG 4586; RTCA DO-254; SAE ARP4791 Software RTCA DO-178B General (SAE AS-1 works); ARINC 429 (analog) and 629 (digital) The ASTM F38.01 Standards Roadmap: Level 2 - Avionics The ASTM F38.02 Standards Roadmap: Level 1 - Operations:  The ASTM F38.02 Standards Roadmap: Level 1 - Operations The ASTM F38.02 Standards Roadmap: Level 2 - General:  Terminology ASTM F2395-05 Terminology for Unmanned Air Vehicle Systems, AIAA R- 103-2004 Symbology SAE ARP4155, ARP5289 The ASTM F38.02 Standards Roadmap: Level 2 - General The ASTM F38.02 Standards Roadmap: Level 2 - Flight:  VFR 14 CFR 91, ASTM WK3135 Guide for Unmanned Aerial Vehicle Flight Authorization, WK10504 Practice for Unmanned Aircraft System (UAS) Visual Range Flight Operations IFR 14 CFR 91, 95, ASTM WK3135 Guide for Unmanned Aerial Vehicle Flight Authorization Payloads Universal Interface; IEEE-1394b; SAE AS5609 SAE AS8039 Data Recorders SAE AS8039 Returnable Sensors SAE AIR4911, AS1212 (SWAP), AIR1277 (SWAP) Relay/ Broadcast Eqmt SAE J1113/28, J551/4, ARP5583 (HIRF) Deliverable 14 CFR 91 Weapons Positive Control, Weapon Safing: SAE AIR5532 Cargo SAE AS1325, AS5385, ARP1409, AS25959 Aerial Refueling SAE ARP1665, AS1284 Business Aviation Practices WK13989 Mini-UAS, Visual Range Operators The ASTM F38.02 Standards Roadmap: Level 2 - Flight The ASTM F38.02 Standards Roadmap: Level 2 - Ground:  Taxi SAE ARP693, AIR1589, AIR4096 (FOD), ARP5898 Takeoff SAE AIR852, AS8044, AIR4096. ARP4104 Landing SAE ARP1070, AIR1739, ARP181, ARP4102, AIR4243, ARP69 Airports UA Accommodation at Alternates-none; 14 CFR 139; SAE ARP5910, AIR1845, AIR5387, ARP4084, AIR1335 AGE SAE AIR1247, AIR1375, AIR4286, AS4852, AS5488 The ASTM F38.02 Standards Roadmap: Level 2 - Ground The ASTM F38.03 Standards Roadmap: Level 1 - Qualifications:  The ASTM F38.03 Standards Roadmap: Level 1 - Qualifications The ASTM F38.03 Standards Roadmap: Level 2 – Crew, Maintainer, Special:  Pilots 14 CFR Part 61, 67; F2635 Standard Classification for Unmanned Aircraft Pilot Certification Non-Pilot Aircrew 14 CFR 63, 65, 67 Schools 14 CFR 141, 142; SAE ARP5453 Human Factors SAE ARP4033, ARP4107 (HF Glossary), (SAE G-10 works) The ASTM F38.03 Standards Roadmap: Level 2 – Crew, Maintainer, Special A&P Mechanics JI8152 (in work) Schools 14 CFR 147; JI8152 (in work) Human Factors (SAE G-13 works) General 14 CFR 43; F2584-06 Standard Practice for Maintenance and Development of Maintenance Manuals for Light UAS Commercial Operators 14 CFR 119, 121, 133, 137 Crew Special Maintainer The ASTM F38 Standards Roadmap: General:  CASA UA25 Australian regulation for certification and operation of unmanned aircraft; MIL-HDBK 516; ASTM F2501 Recommended Practices for Unmanned Aircraft System Airworthiness The ASTM F38 Standards Roadmap: General The ASTM F38 Standards Roadmap: Findings – 5 Categories:  Standards exists and explicitly written for UA ASTM F2411 Standard Specification for Design and Performance of an Airborne Sense-and-Avoid System, ASTM F2501 Recommended Practices for Unmanned Aircraft System Airworthiness, ASTM F2505 Practice for Application of Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) Federal Aviation Regulations Part 21 Requirements to Unmanned Aircraft Systems (UAS) Standard exists and directly applicable to UA (“as is”) ASTM D910 Specification for Aviation Gasolines Standard exists and applicable to UA (aviation qualified), but focused elsewhere SAE AIR4911, video interface for entertainment vice reconnaissance systems “The purpose of this document is to establish the requirements for sensor/video interconnect subsystems. These requirements have been driven predominantly, but not exclusively, by aerospace-type military platforms and commercial aircraft. These requirements are intended to be used as the criteria to establish a sensor/video interconnection standard that will foster the development of common hardware to simplify the total interconnectivity of future avionics platforms.” Standard exists on topic, but indirectly applicable to UA (“thread”) IEC 61427:1999, photovoltaic (solar) cells No suitable standard exists UA (none) vice aircraft carrier (MIL-STD 331) catapults The ASTM F38 Standards Roadmap: Findings – 5 Categories The ASTM F38 Standards Roadmap: Conclusions & Action:  Many UAS relevant topics covered in existing standards. Documentation gap for airworthiness now covered in F2501, incorporating over 300 standards. F38 recognizes these existing standards, and focuses on addressing identified gaps now and in the future. Subcommittees and lead writers assigned to address the identified ‘gaps’ in UAS standards. Best Practices draft standards be structured along same lines as briefing and expanded/updated to identify such gaps in standards. New F38 members sought with expertise directly applicable to these gaps. The ASTM F38 Standards Roadmap: Conclusions & Action ASTM International Committee F38 on Unmanned Aircraft Systems:  ASTM International Committee F38 on Unmanned Aircraft Systems QUESTIONS? Daniel A. Schultz ASTM International Director, Committee Support +1 610-832-9716 dschultz@astm.org www.astm.org 100 Barr Harbor Drive W. Conshohocken, PA 19428-2959 USA Jeff Goldfinger L-3 Communications F38 Membership Secretary +1 817-619-2438 Jeffrey.goldfinger@L-3com.com http://www.L-3Com.com PO Box 5484 Arlington, TX 76005-5484 USA

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