Published on October 15, 2007
The Disability Equality Duty From good intention to good practice Alistair McNaught Senior Advisor, JISC TechDis service Unlocking Potential
Who is TechDis • JISC funded (ie free to post-16 UK education) • But all our resources are freely available online. • Remit is to provide advice and guidance on use of technology to support disabled learners and staff. • In relation to assessment we can advise on effective use of technology to support curriculum delivery, testing and feedback. Unlocking Potential
The DED in practice • AbilityNet, • Becta, • The BRITE Initiative, • Learning and Skills Network (LSN), • Royal National Institute of the Blind (RNIB), • Royal National Institute of the Deaf (RNID) • SKILL: The National Bureau for Students with Disabilities Unlocking Potential
What we really, really want.. • Staff Training and Awareness • Actively Involving Disabled Learners • Effective Transition Planning • Effective Use of Technology • Alternative Formats Unlocking Potential
The qualifications triangle. Accessible curriculum Accessible Consistent assessment moderation Unlocking Potential
Accessible curriculum • Assessment is fundamental to learning – for correction, motivation and confidence. • The best learning environments are • High in cognitive demand • Inclusive • Obligatory • Formative assessment is a significant factor in effective learning. Unlocking Potential
Supporting an accessible curriculum • Access to information – • Sociology worksheet 1,2 – sample PowerPoint. • Appropriate activities – • Alternative media – fieldwork report; hairdressing technique • Appropriate support – • Formative assessment – English language • Productivity tools – text to speech/MP3; word prediction; dictionary software; mindmapping; planning tools; personal organisation tools… • See www.techdis.ac.uk/getfreesoftware Unlocking Potential
Accessible assessments • Understanding? • Visual acuity? • Short-term • Skills? memory? • Speed? • Physical • Spelling? endurance? • Manual dexterity? • Knowledge? Unlocking Potential
Accessible assessments Let’s discriminate…. Move To Previous Question Q1: What is the name of the process of Question 6 protecting, preserving and managing Move To Next Question natural resources? Instruction: What is the capital of Norway? To a) agriculture time is remaining in this test press Alt+T see how much ABCD b) forestry Check Box Check Box Check Box Check Box c) conversation Oslo Stockholm Copenhagen Bergen d) conservation Click Here For Help Area Unlocking Potential
Accessible assessments • Are designed with disabled users in mind. • Can be adjusted to suit disabled user’s needs. • Provide an equivalent assessment if adjustments are not possible. • Are valid assessment experiences. Unlocking Potential
Alternative Assessment: Example • Hairdressing - describe (in sequence) the tasks involved in bleaching and dyeing hair. Write Select the Select the Record an answer on appropriate appropriate audio clip. blank statements images from piece of from a list an image paper. and number bank and their number their sequence. sequence. Unlocking Potential
Accessible admin. What accessibility benefits do your publications have? Do people know how to benefit? What needs to be improved? Unlocking Potential
Challenges are opportunities Meeting the DDA requires • Creative thinking. • Clearer teaching and assessment objectives. • Exploring new types of assessment. • Exploring new types of moderation. Unlocking Potential
Voices from the research community Positive • TRIADS: Derby University, a multimedia interactive e- testing system..many students retake multimedia tests, enjoying the challenge of competing to improve on previous score..students test themselves more regularly than when taking paper based exams. • South East Essex College – e-assessment used to improve student performance in key skills at levels 1 and 2 in Communication, Application of Number and IT. Unlocking Potential
Voices from the research community Negative Leeds metropolitan – WebCT quizzes. Students like it for instant feedback. Find they can pass with little work Not a good test of understanding or ability Scottish Qualifications Authority: Student perceptions of e-assessment: Artificial and contrived, something that is done to them, doesn't measure anything important, hurdle to be jumped, not part of their learning or indeed sole purpose of their learning. Unlocking Potential
Issues with e-portfolios Birmingham City Council adopted e-portfolio for NVQs 18 months ago - has cut dropout rates so many more are completing NVQs and has halved time to complete NVQs • Technical issues – Interoperability, accessibility, usability, authentication. • Socio-cultural – ownership, access, transferability, updateability, validity of assessment. Unlocking Potential
Further reference • Further information is available at every level including: • classroom practitioner focusing on formative assessment. • Examiner needing to set accessible questions. • Technical developers considering accessibility of summative online assessments. Unlocking Potential
TechDis e-assessment staffpack www.techdis.ac.uk/staffpacks Unlocking Potential
Accessibility in e-Assessment Guidelines - Final Report. http:// www.techdis.ac.uk/index.php?p=9_1_11 Unlocking Potential
JISC – effective practice with e-assessment http://www.jisc.ac.uk/assessment.html Unlocking Potential
Further references • TechDis e-assessment staffpack www.techdis.ac.uk/staffpacks • Accessibility in e-Assessment Guidelines - Final Report. (E-assessment group). http://www.techdis.ac.uk/index.php?p=9_1_11 • JISC – effective practice with e-assessment http://www.jisc.ac.uk/assessment.html#downloads Unlocking Potential
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