Access For Access for All - Marking the coming into force of the UN Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities

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Published on December 22, 2008

Author: cbmuk

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A photo exhibition by CBM held at the European Parliament and the World Bank European Offices marking the coming into force of the UN Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities.

ACCESS FOR ALL – A photo exhibition Marking the coming into force of the UN Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities Shown at: European Parliament Brussels, December 1-5 World Bank European Office, ongoing CBM is an International Christian development organisation, committed to improving the lives of persons with disabilities in the poorest countries of the world. This year CBM celebrates 100 years of commitment and expertise. Photo © CBM/ Lohnes, graphic design plazier apart, responsible editor Catherine Naughton

ACCESS FOR ALL – A photo exhibition

Marking the coming into force of the UN Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities

Shown at:

European Parliament Brussels, December 1-5

World Bank European Office, ongoing

Rights and participation The UN Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities (CRPD) entered into force on May 3rd 2008, guaranteeing the rights of some 650 million Persons with Disabilities worldwide. Hailed as a "powerful tool", the Convention gives the framework within which society can remove the barriers faced by persons with disabilities. What do equal rights really mean to persons with disabilities? They should mean inclusion, shown here where a person with an impairment is teaching a class, becomes an everyday occurrence, not an exception. “ The Convention recalls the principles proclaimed in the Charter of the United Nations which recognise the inherent dignity and worth and the equal and inalienable rights of all members of the human family as the foundation of freedom, justice and peace in the world” (CRPD; 2008). Photo: Malawi. CBM/ Malawi Council for the Handicapped

The UN Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities (CRPD) entered into force on May 3rd 2008, guaranteeing the rights of some 650 million Persons with Disabilities worldwide. Hailed as a "powerful tool", the Convention gives the framework within which society can remove the barriers faced by persons with disabilities. What do equal rights really mean to persons with disabilities? They should mean inclusion, shown here where a person with an impairment is teaching a class, becomes an everyday occurrence, not an exception.

“ The Convention recalls the principles proclaimed in the Charter of the United Nations which recognise the inherent dignity and worth and the equal and inalienable rights of all members of the human family as the foundation of freedom, justice and peace in the world” (CRPD; 2008).

Photo: Malawi. CBM/ Malawi Council for the Handicapped

Photo: Malawi. CBM/ Malawi Council for the Handicapped

Work and employment The CRPD recognises the established relationship between poverty and disability, and the prejudice and exclusion persons with disabilities often face in education, training and employment. Article 27 calls for considerable and direct action to combat discrimination, and to equalise opportunities of persons with disabilities in work and employment. Photo CBM/ Phil Lam

The CRPD recognises the established relationship between poverty and disability, and the prejudice and exclusion persons with disabilities often face in education, training and employment. Article 27 calls for considerable and direct action to combat discrimination, and to equalise opportunities of persons with disabilities in work and employment.

Photo CBM/ Phil Lam

Photo CBM/ Phil Lam

Safe from harm All children have the right to a safe and child-friendly environment. Yet children and adults with a disability are often more at risk from abuse and neglect and have less chance to voice their fears and experiences. Protecting children from abuse and neglect is non-negotiable. Women and girls with disabilities are 2-3 times more likely to be victims of physical and sexual abuse than those with no disabilities (DFID; 2000). Photo CBM Thomas Einberger/ argum

All children have the right to a safe and child-friendly

environment. Yet children and adults with a disability are

often more at risk from abuse and neglect and have less

chance to voice their fears and experiences. Protecting

children from abuse and neglect is non-negotiable.

Women and girls with disabilities are 2-3 times more likely

to be victims of physical and sexual abuse than those with

no disabilities (DFID; 2000).

Photo CBM Thomas Einberger/ argum

Respect for difference and diversity The general principles of the UN CRPD ( a ) Respect for inherent dignity, individual autonomy including the freedom to make one’s own choices, and independence of persons; ( b ) Non-discrimination; ( c ) Full and effective participation and inclusion in society; ( d ) Respect for difference and acceptance of persons with disabilities as part of human diversity and humanity; ( e ) Equality of opportunity; ( f ) Accessibility; ( g ) Equality between men and women; ( h ) Respect for the evolving capacities of children with disabilities and respect for the right of children with disabilities to preserve their identities. http://www.un.org/disabilities/documents/convention/convoptprot-e.pdf Photo: Tanzania, CBM/ Marie Hatzoudis

The general principles of the UN CRPD

( a ) Respect for inherent dignity, individual autonomy including the freedom to make one’s own choices, and independence of persons;

( b ) Non-discrimination;

( c ) Full and effective participation and inclusion in society;

( d ) Respect for difference and acceptance of persons with disabilities as part of human diversity and humanity;

( e ) Equality of opportunity;

( f ) Accessibility;

( g ) Equality between men and women;

( h ) Respect for the evolving capacities of children with disabilities and respect for the right of children with disabilities to preserve their identities.

http://www.un.org/disabilities/documents/convention/convoptprot-e.pdf

Photo: Tanzania, CBM/ Marie Hatzoudis

Photo: Tanzania, CBM/ Marie Hatzoudis

Freedom of expression ‘ According to the United Nations Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities (UN CRPD), state governments shall recognise sign language as an official language in the Constitution and/or special legislation, ensure professional interpreter services and guarantee bilingual education to Deaf people. Solely this way the Deaf people’s Human Rights - still so blatantly violated around the world - will be assured in the future.’ World Federation of the Deaf Photos Sri Lanka CBM Thomas Lohnes

‘ According to the United Nations Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities (UN CRPD), state governments shall recognise sign language as an official language in the Constitution and/or special legislation, ensure professional interpreter services and guarantee bilingual education to Deaf people. Solely this way the Deaf people’s Human Rights - still so blatantly violated around the world - will be assured in the future.’

World Federation of the Deaf

Photos Sri Lanka CBM Thomas Lohnes

Photos Sri Lanka CBM Thomas Lohnes

Photos Sri Lanka CBM Thomas Lohnes

Most at risk in emergencies Following a disaster, the WHO estimates 5-7% of people in camps or temporary shelters have a disability (WHO; 2005). Article 11 of the UN CRPD calls for all States Parties to take necessary measures to ensure the protection and safety of persons with disabilities in situations of risk, including situations of armed conflict, humanitarian emergencies and natural disasters. CBM staff work with partners in emergency situations to try and ensure that persons with disabilities, often neglected in relief efforts, are supported and protected on an equal basis with other people. Photo. Niger CBM/ Carl Becker

Following a disaster, the WHO estimates 5-7% of people in camps or temporary shelters have a disability (WHO; 2005).

Article 11 of the UN CRPD calls for all States Parties to take necessary measures to ensure the protection and safety of persons with disabilities in situations of risk, including situations of armed conflict, humanitarian emergencies and natural disasters.

CBM staff work with partners in emergency situations to try and ensure that persons with disabilities, often neglected in relief efforts, are supported and protected on an equal basis with other people.

Photo. Niger CBM/ Carl Becker

Right to Healthcare Persons with disabilities have the same right to quality basic healthcare as everyone else. This is often denied due to inaccessibility or remoteness of health centres. Health workers may be inappropriately trained in addressing the needs of persons with disabilities and in addition, healthcare information is usually not adapted to the needs of persons with disabilities (EC Guidance Note on Disability and Development, 2004). Women and girls with disabilities are amongst those most affected by inadequate healthcare (Groce 2000). Article 25 of the UN Convention on the Rights of Persons with disabilities specifies the right to the same range, quality and standard of free or affordable health care available to others. This includes sexual and reproductive health, health-related rehabilitation and population based public health programmes. Photos CBM/ Phil Lam

Persons with disabilities have the same right to quality basic healthcare as everyone else. This is often denied due to inaccessibility or remoteness of health centres. Health workers may be inappropriately trained in addressing the needs of persons with disabilities and in addition, healthcare information is usually not adapted to the needs of persons with disabilities (EC Guidance Note on Disability and Development, 2004).

Women and girls with disabilities are amongst those most affected by inadequate healthcare (Groce 2000).

Article 25 of the UN Convention on the Rights of Persons with disabilities specifies the right to the same range, quality and standard of free or affordable health care available to others. This includes sexual and reproductive health, health-related rehabilitation and population based public health programmes.

Photos CBM/ Phil Lam

Photos CBM/ Phil Lam

Photos CBM/ Phil Lam

A matter of life and death 37 million people in the world are blind- most of them from cataracts, like this girl. Every five seconds someone somewhere in the world goes blind. Yet with the right education or healthcare, 80% of cataract blindness can be prevented or cured. Article 10 of the CRPD states that every human being has the inherent right to life, and that States Parties should take all necessary measures to ensure its effective enjoyment by persons with disabilities on an equal basis with others. One child every minute goes blind. Almost half of children who go blind will die within two years of losing their sight (CBM: 2006). In developing countries, without support, four out of five children who are both deaf and blind die before their fifth birthday (Sense International). Photo: Tanzania. CBM/ Evelyne Jacq

37 million people in the world are blind- most of them from cataracts, like this girl. Every five seconds someone somewhere in the world goes blind. Yet with the right education or healthcare, 80% of cataract blindness can be prevented or cured.

Article 10 of the CRPD states that every human being has the inherent right to life, and that States Parties should take all necessary measures to ensure its effective enjoyment by persons with disabilities on an equal basis with others.

One child every minute goes blind. Almost half of children who go blind will die within two years of losing their sight (CBM: 2006).

In developing countries, without support, four out of five children who are both deaf and blind die before their fifth birthday (Sense International).

Photo: Tanzania. CBM/ Evelyne Jacq

Photo: Tanzania. CBM/ Evelyne Jacq

I am here too Children with disabilities are at greater risk than their non-disabled peers of being excluded from school, dying before the age of five and of being physically or sexually abused. First set out in the Convention on the Rights of the Child Article 7 of the CRPD reinforces the fact that children with Disabilities have the same rights as any other children. It clearly outlines the rights of children with disabilities to express their views freely on all matters that concern them. “ Our ability to deal with children with disabilities is a yardstick of our ability to deal with all children.” Peter Ustinov, UN Ambassador, 1995 Photo CBM/Thomas Einberger

Children with disabilities are at greater risk than their non-disabled peers of being excluded from school, dying before the age of five and of being physically or sexually abused.

First set out in the Convention on the Rights of the Child Article 7 of the CRPD reinforces the fact that children with Disabilities have the same rights as any other children. It clearly outlines the rights of children with disabilities to express their views freely on all matters that concern them.

“ Our ability to deal with children with disabilities is a yardstick of our ability to deal with all children.”

Peter Ustinov, UN Ambassador, 1995

Photo CBM/Thomas Einberger

Photo CBM/Thomas Einberger

Participation in political and public life The right of Persons with Disabilities to participate in political and public life cannot be taken for granted. Article 29 of the CRPD calls on State Parties to ensure that Persons with Disabilities are free to stand for election, take part in political and public dialogue, exercise their vote by secret ballot and form organisations of Persons with Disabilities at local, regional national and international levels. “ Nothing about us without us” Disabled Persons Organisations and networks will play a crucial role in the implementation and monitoring of the UN CRPD. Picture:Mr. Gastone Ruhisha, a member of the Rwandan National Decade Steering Committee, Rwanda, presenting the new disability law to district officials. The Secretariat of the African Decade supported the establishment and functioning of national decade steering committees and DPOs on the African continent. Photo: Rwanda. CBM/ Judith Van Der Veen

The right of Persons with Disabilities to participate in political and public life

cannot be taken for granted. Article 29 of the CRPD calls on State Parties to

ensure that Persons with Disabilities are free to stand for election, take part in

political and public dialogue, exercise their vote by secret ballot and form

organisations of Persons with Disabilities at local, regional national and

international levels.

“ Nothing about us without us”

Disabled Persons Organisations and networks will play a crucial role in the implementation and monitoring of the UN CRPD.

Picture:Mr. Gastone Ruhisha, a member of the Rwandan National

Decade Steering Committee, Rwanda, presenting the new disability law

to district officials. The Secretariat of the African Decade supported the

establishment and functioning of national decade steering committees

and DPOs on the African continent.

Photo: Rwanda. CBM/ Judith Van Der Veen

Photo: Rwanda. CBM/ Judith Van Der Veen

Right to Education In its ‘Education for All’ Global Monitoring Report, 2007, UNESCO estimated that one third of all children excluded from school worldwide are children with Disabilities . Both the UN Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities (Article 24) and the Convention on the Rights of the Child state explicitly that children with disabilities have the right to education, and that provisions should be made so that “Persons with disabilities can access an inclusive, quality and free primary education and secondary education on an equal basis with others in the communities in which they live.” These photos show an inclusive classroom in PNG where children with Disabilities are educated side-by-side with their non-disabled peers. In line with the UN CRPD, and with the support of Callen Services, a CBM partner, the government of PNG has made inclusive education part of the National Education Policy. Photos: PNG CBM/ Siegfried Herrmann

In its ‘Education for All’ Global Monitoring Report, 2007, UNESCO estimated that one third of all children excluded from school worldwide are children with Disabilities .

Both the UN Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities (Article 24) and the Convention on the Rights of the Child state explicitly that children with disabilities have the right to education, and that provisions should be made so that “Persons with disabilities can access an inclusive, quality and free primary education and secondary education on an equal basis with others in the communities in which they live.”

These photos show an inclusive classroom in PNG where children with Disabilities are educated side-by-side with their non-disabled peers. In line with the UN CRPD, and with the support of Callen Services, a CBM partner, the government of PNG has made inclusive education part of the National Education Policy.

Photos: PNG CBM/ Siegfried Herrmann

Photos: PNG CBM/ Siegfried Herrmann

Photos: PNG CBM/ Siegfried Herrmann

Right to personal mobility Article 20 of the UN CRPD calls on States Parties to take effective measures to ensure the greatest possible independence of personal mobility for Persons with Disabilities. This includes providing affordable mobility aids and assistive devices. “ Poverty not only leads to disability, but also allows few concessions for the needs and aspirations of people with a disability. In many rural areas, where up to 80 per cent of the general population lives, disability prevention and rehabilitation are rare” Disabled Persons International, 2004 Photo: CBM/ Phil Lam

Article 20 of the UN CRPD calls on States Parties to take effective measures to ensure the greatest possible independence of personal mobility for Persons with Disabilities. This includes providing affordable mobility aids and assistive devices.

“ Poverty not only leads to disability, but also allows few concessions for the needs and aspirations of people with a disability. In many rural areas, where up to 80 per cent of the general population lives, disability prevention and rehabilitation are rare”

Disabled Persons International, 2004

Photo: CBM/ Phil Lam

 

Social protection The relationship between poverty and disability is commonly referred to as a ‘vicious circle’. “It is a two way relationship – disability adds to the risk of poverty and conditions of poverty increase the risk of disability” Elwan, 1999 “ The result of the cycle of poverty and disability is that people with disabilities are usually amongst the poorest of the poor” (DFID (2000; p.2)) Article 28 of the CRPD recognizes the rights of person with disability to an adequate standard of living and social protection. Social protection is key to poverty reduction and ensuring equal opportunities. Photo: Tanzania, Marie Hatzoudis, CBM

The relationship between poverty and disability is commonly referred to as a ‘vicious circle’. “It is a two way relationship – disability adds to the risk of poverty and conditions of poverty increase the risk of disability” Elwan, 1999

“ The result of the cycle of poverty and disability is that people with disabilities are usually amongst the poorest of the poor” (DFID (2000; p.2))

Article 28 of the CRPD recognizes the rights of person with disability to an adequate standard of living and social protection. Social protection is key to poverty reduction and ensuring equal opportunities.

Photo: Tanzania, Marie Hatzoudis, CBM

Photo: Tanzania, Marie Hatzoudis, CBM

Breaking the ‘Fulani stick’ Often, when a grandparent is blind, a child becomes their eyes, leading them at the end of a ‘Fulani stick’. The adult loses independence; the child often loses aspects of their childhood and their chance to receive a formal education. By preventing or treating blindness, a person with a disability and their whole family has a chance to play active parts in community life. For every person with an impairment or disability, 4 to 5 other family members are affected. For this reason, it is essential to include families of disabled persons in development programme activities (DFID; 2000) Photo: Country and photographer unknown, CBM

Often, when a grandparent is blind, a child becomes their eyes, leading them at the end of a ‘Fulani stick’. The adult loses independence; the child often loses aspects of their childhood and their chance to receive a formal education. By preventing or treating blindness, a person with a disability and their whole family has a chance to play active parts in community life.

For every person with an impairment or disability, 4 to 5 other family members are affected. For this reason, it is essential to include families of disabled persons in development programme activities (DFID; 2000)

Photo: Country and photographer unknown, CBM

Photo: Country and photographer unknown, CBM

Inclusion, Equity, Access Article 32 of the UN CRPD specifically demands the inclusion of Persons with Disabilities in International Cooperation. The World Bank (1) defines inclusive development as the result of a combination of principles and processes: Inclusion : acceptance and inclusion of persons with disabilities as equal partners in all development activities Equity : persons with disabilities should enjoy equitable access to the benefits resulting from development activities. In addition, development activities should promote non-discrimination and equal opportunities and participation for persons with disabilities in every facet of civil, political economic, social and cultural life Access : persons with disabilities should enjoy access to the built environment, transportation, information, and communications infrastructure, facilitating their full participation in all aspects of life. Photo CBM /Thomas Einberger/ argum

Article 32 of the UN CRPD specifically demands the inclusion of Persons with Disabilities in International Cooperation.

The World Bank (1) defines inclusive development as the result of a combination of principles and processes:

Inclusion : acceptance and inclusion of persons with disabilities as equal partners in all development activities

Equity : persons with disabilities should enjoy equitable access to the benefits resulting from development activities. In addition, development activities should promote non-discrimination and equal opportunities and participation for persons with disabilities in every facet of civil, political economic, social and cultural life

Access : persons with disabilities should enjoy access to the built environment, transportation, information, and communications infrastructure, facilitating their full participation in all aspects of life.

Photo CBM /Thomas Einberger/ argum

Photo CBM /Thomas Einberger/ argum

Participation in cultural life recreation and sport Article 30 UN Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities demands that States Parties take action to ensure equal access for persons with disabilities to culture, recreation and sports activities. Article 30 stipulates the inclusion of children with disabilities into play activities. Photos: Kenya- income generation projects/ fashion show. CBM / Siegfried Herrmann Rwanda- basketball. CBM/ Keith Mc Allister

Article 30 UN Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities demands that States Parties take action to ensure equal access for persons with disabilities to culture, recreation and sports activities.

Article 30 stipulates the inclusion of children with disabilities into play activities.

Photos:

Kenya- income generation projects/ fashion show. CBM / Siegfried Herrmann

Rwanda- basketball. CBM/ Keith Mc Allister

Photo CBM / Siegfried Herrmann

Photos: CBM/ Keith Mc Allister

Right to habilitation and rehabilitation Rehabilitation services can play a vital role in a persons development and limit the impact of impairment on daily life. The right to habilitation and rehabilitation is defined in Article 26, and is aims to enable persons with disabilities to attain and maintain maximum independence, full physical, mental, social and vocational ability, and full inclusion and participation in all aspects of life. According to the WHO, only 1-2% of disabled persons in low-income communities receive the rehabilitative services they need (May- Teerink; 1999). Photos Ethiopia. CBM/ Nahum Ayliffe

Rehabilitation services can play a vital role in a persons development and limit the impact of impairment on daily life. The right to habilitation and rehabilitation is defined in Article 26, and is aims to enable persons with disabilities to attain and maintain maximum independence, full physical, mental, social and vocational ability, and full inclusion and participation in all aspects of life.

According to the WHO, only 1-2% of disabled persons in low-income communities receive the rehabilitative services they need (May- Teerink; 1999).

Photos Ethiopia. CBM/ Nahum Ayliffe

Water- clean and accessible? Safe, affordable and accessible water services are a pre-requisite to health . Article 28 of the UN CRPD explicitly states that the rights of Persons with Disabilities to safe, affordable, accessible water services are a basic part of an adequate standard of living and social protection. For the majority of persons with disabilities in low-income communities, human right to life, food, water and shelter are a daily struggle (WEDC; 2005). Prevention of disability Improving water and sanitation services is a cost efficient and sustainable way to tackle the root causes of some forms of preventable diseases that can lead to impairment and disability. Photo: County unknown, Wolfgang Jochum, CBM

Safe, affordable and accessible water services are a pre-requisite to health .

Article 28 of the UN CRPD explicitly states that the rights of Persons with Disabilities to safe, affordable, accessible water services are a basic part of an adequate standard of living and social protection.

For the majority of persons with disabilities in low-income communities, human right to life, food, water and shelter are a daily struggle (WEDC; 2005).

Prevention of disability

Improving water and sanitation services is a cost efficient and sustainable way to tackle the root causes of some forms of preventable diseases that can lead to impairment and disability.

Photo: County unknown, Wolfgang Jochum, CBM

Photo: County unknown, Wolfgang Jochum, CBM

Attitudes and beliefs are often disabling Which is more disabling, An impairment or society’s attitude to it? ‘ Challenging disabling attitudes and policies are as important as addressing the physical or mental impairment’ (CBM; 2006). Article 8 of the UN CRPD calls on States Parties to adopt immediate measures to combat stereotypes, prejudices and harmful practices relating to persons with disabilities. Photo: Bolivia CBM/ Keith Mc Allister

Which is more disabling, An impairment or society’s attitude to it?

‘ Challenging disabling attitudes and policies are as important as addressing the physical or mental impairment’ (CBM; 2006).

Article 8 of the UN CRPD calls on States Parties to adopt immediate measures to combat stereotypes, prejudices and harmful practices relating to persons with disabilities.

Photo: Bolivia CBM/ Keith Mc Allister

Photo: Bolivia CBM/ Keith Mc Allister

Multiple discrimination Article 6 of the UN CRPD recognises that women and girls face multiple discrimination. It calls on States Parties to ensure the full development, advancement and empowerment of women. Despite their significant numbers, women and girls with disabilities, remain hidden and silent, their concerns unknown and their rights unrecognised; Throughout the developing world women with disabilities face triple discrimination - because of their disabilities, their gender and their poverty UNICEF has reported that women and children receive less than 20 percent of rehabilitation services Statement by the United Nations Special Rapporteur on Disability on the occasion of International Women’s Day, March 8, 2005   CBM Thomas Einberger /argum

Article 6 of the UN CRPD recognises that women and girls face multiple discrimination. It calls on States Parties to ensure the full development, advancement and empowerment of women.

Despite their significant numbers, women and girls with disabilities, remain hidden and silent, their concerns unknown and their rights unrecognised;

Throughout the developing world women with disabilities face triple discrimination - because of their disabilities, their gender and their poverty

UNICEF has reported that women and children receive less than 20 percent of rehabilitation services

Statement by the United Nations Special Rapporteur on Disability on the occasion of International Women’s Day, March 8, 2005

 

CBM Thomas Einberger /argum

CBM Thomas Einberger /argum

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