Academic Writing Orientation for Speech-Language Therapy students

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Information about Academic Writing Orientation for Speech-Language Therapy students
Education

Published on February 21, 2014

Author: martinmcmorrow

Source: slideshare.net

Description

This is a workshop given by Martin McMorrow from the Centre for Teaching and Learning, Massey University to new Year One students in the Speech and Language Therapy programme

BSLT Academic Writing Orientation • Introduction to services and workshops provided by the Centre for Teaching and Learning • Principles of SLT style • Self-appraisal • (extra notes: some basics of APA citation and referencing)

CENTRE FOR TEACHING AND LEARNING SERVICES http://owll.massey.ac.nz Online Writing and Learning Link http://tinyurl.com/albanyworkshops2014 Workshops ONE-TO-ONE OR SMALL GROUP CONSULTATIONS Book on 09 441-8143 or slc-alb@massey.ac.nz OR in person at the library (LEVEL 3)

An example of effective SLT writing Research studies have found that the prevalence of CONDITION X varies according to type, age group, and gender, although the progression and course of CONDITION also differs significantly among individuals from the same demographic group (Brown, 2005; Smith & Howell, 2008). Y is the most common variant of CONDITION X affecting around 90% of all individuals with the disorder (Singh, 2005). CONDITION X is considered to be a rare disease affecting an estimated 40,000 Americans with two thirds of the total affected population thought to be female (Colenso & Schmitt, 2007). While CONDITION X can develop at any stage, the most common age of emergence is 46 (Wang et al., 2011). The onset of CONDITION X can be either sudden or gradual with the severity of symptoms peaking to an unknown intensity within months or increasing years after onset (Faleolo et al., 2006). This study also indicates that CONDITION X is most prevalent among females over the age of 40 with no accurate prognosis able to be made regarding the progression and severity of its symptoms.

SLT style is: precise CONDITION X is most prevalent among females over the age of 40 person-first all individuals with the disorder concise, objective and evidence-based Research studies have found that prevalence of CONDITION varies according to type, age group, and gender, although the progression and course of CONDITION also differs significantly among individuals from the same demographic group (Brown, 2005; Smith & Howell, 2008)

How could this example of ineffective SLT writing be improved? Stroke is the most common cause of aphasia in New Zealand and head injury is the second most common cause. This heart-wrenching condition can also result from brain tumours or infections. It is very common and roughly 16,000 New Zealanders suffer from aphasia. Even though it is so common in New Zealand, not a lot of people know about it. Up until, a family member has acquired it (Aphasia Blog NZ, 2011). Some concepts of aphasia that will be explored in this report include, what Broca’s aphasia is, what causes Broca’s aphasia, the diagnosis, and associated disorders. As well as, its impact on stroke survivors’ language and lifestyle. I’ll conclude with an overview of treatment available for stroke victims.

How could this example of ineffective SLT writing be improved? Stroke is the most common cause of aphasia in New Zealand and head injury is the second most common cause. This heartwrenching condition can also result from brain tumours or infections. It is very common and roughly 16,000 New Zealanders suffer from aphasia. Even though it is so common in New Zealand, not a lot of people know about it. Up until, a family member has acquired it (Aphasia Blog NZ, 2011). Some concepts of aphasia that will be explored in this report include, what Broca’s aphasia is, what causes Broca’s aphasia, the diagnosis, and associated disorders. As well as, its impact on stroke survivors’ language and lifestyle. I’ll conclude with an overview of treatment available for stroke victims. cut out repetition and irrelevant information

How could this example of ineffective SLT writing be improved? Stroke is the most common cause of aphasia in New Zealand and head injury is the second most common cause. This heartwrenching condition can also result from brain tumours or infections. It is very common and roughly 16,000 New Zealanders suffer from aphasia. Even though it is so common in New Zealand, not a lot of people know about it. Up until, a family member has acquired it (Aphasia Blog NZ, 2011). Some concepts of aphasia that will be explored in this report include, what Broca’s aphasia is, what causes Broca’s aphasia, the diagnosis, and associated disorders. As well as, its impact on stroke survivors’ language and lifestyle. I’ll conclude with an overview of treatment available for stroke victims. cut out vague, colloquial, personal or emotional language and support your claims with evidence from peerreviewed journals, not blogs or hot air

How could this example of ineffective SLT writing be improved? Stroke is the most common cause of aphasia in New Zealand and head injury is the second most common cause. This heartwrenching condition can also result from brain tumours or infections. It is very common and roughly 16,000 New Zealanders suffer from aphasia. Even though it is so common in New Zealand, not a lot of people know about it. Up until, a family member has acquired it (Aphasia Blog NZ, 2011). Some concepts of aphasia that will be explored in this report include, what Broca’s aphasia is, what causes Broca’s aphasia, the diagnosis, and associated disorders. As well as, its impact on stroke survivors’ language and lifestyle. I’ll conclude with an overview of treatment available for stroke victims. Person-first language is a must So is correct sentence structure and punctuation

CITATIONS AND REFERENCES Citations are a short way of indicating the source of your theories, models, concepts, examples or facts In APA style, all you need to do is to put the author and date of publication of the book, article or website you used The most common way to do this is to put these in brackets AFTER you’ve used the information Cognitive behavioural therapy is increasingly preferred to more traditional medical interventions in such cases (Dunbar & Holmes, 2003).

As an alternative you can use ‘according to’ and include the author(s) in your sentence According to Dunbar and Holmes (2003), cognitive behavioural therapy is increasingly preferred ….. Or make the author(s) the subject of your sentence, choosing an appropriate reporting verb, for example: claim argue explain suggest point out find / found Dunbar and Holmes (2003) claim that cognitive behavioural therapy is increasingly preferred …..

Your citations need to match up with complete references to sources in a list at the end References Breen, C. R., Paulin, K. M., & Singh, T. L. (2008). The consequences of condition x on communication-related quality of life: A qualitative study of the insider’s experiences. Journal of Communication Disorders, 63, 104-213. Breen, C. R., Paulin, K. M., Singh, T. L., Reilly, R. M., & Ghosh, D. (2009). Developing the communication item bank: Rasch analysis results from a condition x sample. Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research, 68, 1209-1221. Collins, B. K., Haughey, M. P., Mallory, T., & Williams, G. E. (2010). Speech intelligibility in severe condition x. Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research, 59, 31-38. Davison, M. F., Jolly, A., & Seligson, M. (2009). Disorders of the larynx. In A. Bennett, A. Jolly, & P. Stern (Eds.), Neurologic speech and language disorders (2nd ed.) (pp. 216-318). New York, NY: Heinemann Medical.

In academic writing, most references are to books and journal articles surname, initial (year) title of book Smith, P., & Davidoff, R. (2003). Equal opportunities: From policy to practice. Central Islip, NY: Progressive Press. city surname, initial (year) publisher title of article page numbers Brown, P. (2012). Equal opportunities in New Zealand: Myth or reality? Australasian Journal of Human Resources, 41(3), 46-68. doi: 10.1037/0278-6133.24.2.225 volume / issue number doi number name of journal

CHAPTER IN EDITED BOOK Author of chapter and year of publication Title of chapter – not in italics Editors’ names – initial goes before and (Eds.), goes after! Biggins, G. (2009). Why I became a social worker. In P. Te Ara & T. Rogers (Eds.), Social work and social workers in New Zealand/Aotearoa (pp.102-120). Auckland, New Zealand: Insight Press. City & Publisher Title of book – in italics Page numbers of chapter – in brackets with pp. before

CITY OF PUBLICATION UK, NZ etc USA Australia city, country city, state initials Either state OR country Harmondsworth, England: Penguin. Palmerston North, New Zealand: Dunmore Press. Upper Saddle River, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates. Milton, Qld: McGraw-Hill. Milton, Australia: McGraw-Hill. Check title of book in library catalogue and/or Google if city of publication is not clear from the book itself

WEB PAGE REFERENCE Year author’s name (if it’s missing put (n.d.) (or organisation that owns the web site) Title of page (in italics) Statistics New Zealand. (2009). Mapping trends in the Auckland region. Retrieved from http://www.stats.govt.nz/Publication s/PopulationStatistics/mappingtrends-in-the-auckland-region.aspx. Retrieved from followed by full internet address Only use the internet, rarely, as the source for data from Government Ministries etc.

REFERENCING SOFTWARE Microsoft Word 2007 + Use the references tab in the toolbar Click ‘insert citation’ + add new source Take care with names (Hamel, Gary) and type of source Endnote ($36 from library – and make sure you go to a tutorial) http://tinyurl.com/endnoteguide Free Programmes to download (but you’ll need to learn how to use them, through online tutorials etc) http://www.zotero.org/ http://www.mendeley.com

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