About Uttarakhand

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Information about About Uttarakhand
Travel-Nature

Published on December 21, 2009

Author: hemant.singh72

Source: authorstream.com

:  Uttarakhand became the 27th state of the Republic of India on 9th November 2000. The State is carved out of Uttar Pradesh. It occupies 17.3% of India's total land area with 51,125 sq km. On Uttarakhand Travel, you will find the great diversity of the region where snow-clad mountains, green hills, fertile valleys, flowing rivers and thriving lakes add to the natural beauty. The popular hill stations of Uttarakhand are Nainital, Bhimtal, Almora, Ranikhet, Pithoragarh, Munsiyari, Mussorie, Chopta, Valley of Flowers, Joshimath and Lansdowne. For unlimited serenity and tranquility Welcome to Our Uttarakhand About Uttarakhand : About Uttarakhand In pleasant pollution free environs, hill station on Uttarakhand Travel are ideal for vacations. To enhance the attractiveness of the region are the several natural lakes in the region, which are the center of attraction of the town and good for sporting activities. Since Uttarakhand is known as the Abode of the gods, there are several highly venerated pilgrimage places. The tourists must visit Kedarnath, Badrinath, Henmkund Sahib, GanotYamunotri, Jageshwar, Bageshwar,Rishikesh and Haridwar for their religious importance on Uttarakhand Travel. Each hilltop or bent is known to have a temple, big or small, which are considered very sacred by the locals. About Uttarakhand : About Uttarakhand Uttarakhand is ideal for several adventure sports activities because of its geographical attributes. While on Uttarakhand Travel, the tourist must take the maximum pleasure out of adventure sports like trekking, ice-skiing, white water rafting, sailing, boating, kayaking, canoeing, yachting, water-skiing and parasailing. To climb the big mountain stretch or to pass the dense jungles of the hills is in itself very exciting. The huge water-filled rivers and deep lakes are perfect for water sports. Tourists also prefer to go on Uttarakhand Travel to visit the abundant wildlife sanctuaries and national parks in the state. While you are on a visit to Uttarakhand, make sure to visit the Valley of Flower National Park, Kedarnath Wildlife Sanctuaries, Nanda Devi National Park, Govind National Park, Assan Barrage National Park, Rajaji National Park and Corbett National Park. About Uttarakhand : About Uttarakhand Formation of State :- Capital: Dehradun (Interim) Longitude: 77° 34' 27" E to 81° 02' 22" E Latitude: 28° 53' 24" N to 31° 27' 50" N Total Area: 53,484 sq. km Total Forest Area: 34,434 sq. km.Hilly Area : 92.57%Plains: 7.43% Highlights of the state : Highlights of the state Hill Stations: - Mussoorie, Nainital, Ranikhet, Mukteshwar Wildlife: Corbett National Park, Rajaji National Park, Chilla Wildlife Sanctuary Pilgrimage: Haridwar, Rishikesh, Gangotri, Badrinath, Kedarnath, Yamunotri Adventure: Auli (Skiing), Rishikesh (Rafting) Important cities in Uttarakhand : Important cities in Uttarakhand Almora Badrinath Bageshwar Chamoli Champawat Dehradun Rudraprayag Kedarnath Kotdwar Mukteshwar Nainital Pithoragarh Ranikhet Yamunotri Uttarakhand : Uttarakhand Facts and Figures Capital Dehradun Religion Hinduism Languages Hindi, Garhwali, and Kumauni Best Time To Visit April to July Geographical Information Location : Geographical Information Location Uttaranchal is a part of the Western Himalayan ranges starting from the Shivalik foothills to Greater Himalayas with Tibet as its northeastern border. In the northwestern corner of the state is Himachal Pradesh, while Haryana celebrates its union with the newly formed state with a gentle kiss. The state is surrounded by Uttar Pradesh for most of its western and southern boundary Uttarakhandi Language : Uttarakhandi Language Languages Spoken: Uttarakhand Divided Two Parts first part Kumaun and second Part Gadwall two part two language Kumauni and Gadwalli language is very simple of Uttrakhand (Kumauni, Garhwali, Hindi ) Music and Dance : Music and Dance Garhwal :- The Himalayas have inspired generations of singers, balladeers, and musicians throughout the ages. The natural beauty of the mountains which inspires a deep spirituality and the harshness of life which darkens the heart with adversity and anguish have invigorated Uttarakhandi music, heightening its poignancy and enriching its lyrical texture. Although, increasingly influenced by trends in Hindi film music the more traditional forms of Himalayan music have remained deeply popular. Major dance forms of the region are Langvir Nritya, Barada Nati folk dance, Pandava Nritya, Dhurang, and Dhuring. Music and Dance : Music and Dance Kumaon :- The Kumaonese are fond of music, folk dance, and songs accompanied by local musical instruments like murli, bina, and hurka. The hurka is played by the “jurkiya” and the dancer accompanying him, known as “hurkiyari,” is usually his wife or daughter. They go from place to place narrating folklores, singing the praise of their gods and goddesses. During fairs and festivals and at harvest time, the Kumaonese often dance the Jharva, Chandhur Chhapalior, and many other forms of folk dances. The popular folk songs are Malushahi, Bair, and Hurkiya Bol Physical Features : Physical Features Apart from the Terai region in the Shivalik foothills, the entire state of Uttaranchal is a part of the Himalayan ranges. At 7,817 m above sea level, Nanda Devi in the district of Chamoli is the highest point in the state. The region has many glaciers, passes, meadows, and trekking routes with several major rivers like the Ganga and Yamuna originating from here. A major part of this Himalayan state comes under rainforests and alpine forests that are home to some of the highly endangered wildlife species Climate : Climate The state has two distinct climatic regions: the predominant hilly terrain and the small plain region. The climatic condition of the plains is very similar to its counterpart in the Gangetic plain—that is, tropical. Summers are unbearable with temperature going over the 40°C mark and a lot of humidity. Winters can be chilly with temperatures going below 5°C at times. The Himalayan region has Alpine conditions characterized by cold winters with snowfall for quite a long time, good rainfall in the monsoon, and mild summers. This climate also provides the state with its only livelihood, i.e., tourism. Ethnicity : Ethnicity Garhwal :- Garhwal resembles other parts of the Himalayas where various ethnic groups live side by side. Following chiefly the agrarian-pastoral way of life, native Garhwali's make their living from the hilly land the best they can. Some, like the Bhotia traders,. Kumaon:- The inhabitants of the Kumaon hills are commonly known as the Kumaonese. They belong to a predominantly patriarchal society, which recognizes the superiority of men over women. The social structure is based on the extended family system, Women are respected in society but they usually confine themselves to household activities. Widow marriage and re-marriage by divorced women is permitted except in certain sections of high-caste Brahmins and Rajputs. Fairs and Festivals : Fairs and Festivals The major fairs and festivals of the Garhwal region are Hatkalika Fair, Tapkeshwar Fair, Surkhanda Devi Mela, Kunjapuri Fair, Lakhawar Village Fair, and Mata Murti Ka Mela. The major fairs and festivals of Kumaon region are Uttarayani Mela, Shravan Mela (Jageshwar), Kartik Poornima at Dwarahat, Kasar Devi fair, and Nanda Devi melas Agriculture : Agriculture The Terai region has great potential to feed the entire state by its large productivity. The district of Udham Singh Nagar has large farms and enterprising agriculturists producing large amounts of grains and cash crops. However, there is not much potential for agriculture in the large Himalayan tract in this state Tourist Centers : Tourist Centers Opportunities for tourism are immense in this state, be it nature, wildlife, adventure, and pilgrimage tourism. The major destinations are Haridwar, Rishikesh, Dehradun, Mussoorie, Almora, Kedarnath, Badrinath, Yamunotri, Gangotri, Jim Corbett National Park, Nainital, Ranikhet, and Pithoragarh. If you are adventurous and like tough challenges, you can go for high- and low-altitude trekking, river rafting, Para gliding, hang-gliding, mountaineering, skiing, and many others. Famous Place in Uttarakhand : Famous Place in Uttarakhand Deharadun :- Deharadun is a Capital of Uttrakhand, Nainital :- The Place is very Famous in Uttarakhand Many tourists visits in Nainital Ranikhet:- Ranikhet is a Famous and Beautiful and Hill area. Every Sessions this place very cool. Haldwani:- Haldwani is famous area in Uttrakhand Haridwar :- Haridwar is situated at the base of the Shivalik hills, where the Ganga, comes down from the mighty. Himalayas meets the plains. Haridwar, literally is The gateway to the Gods'." This place is very “at one sight one will say so and fall in love with beautiful the scenic beauty of the blend of height and plains Slide 19: Nainital, Mussoorie, Pauri, Almora, Ranikhet, Khirsu, Champawat, Dayara, Auli, Khatling, Vedini Bugyal, Valley Of Flowers, Lansdown, Lakhamandal, Paataal Bhuvaneshwar, Gangolihaat, Jolljivi, Kataarmal, Kosini, Jageshwar, Dwarahaat, Someshwar, Baijnath, Pindari Glacier etc. Tourist And Historical Places : How to Reach In Uttarakhand : How to Reach In Uttarakhand 1. By Air Jolly Grant near Dehradun is the only airport. There are regular flights to Delhi by Indian Airlines. Otherwise, one has the option to travel to Delhi by road or rail and then take the air route to various destinations. 2. By Rail Dehradun, Haridwar, and Kathgodam are the major railway stations connected to almost all parts of the country with regular trains. Not many places in the state are connected by rail because of tough terrains. For those visiting places in the higher altitudes, trekking and road routes are the only options available 3. By Road Almost all the important places in the state are connected by all-weather metalled roads. Many places in the higher altitudes may still remain off for a period in the year due to landslides and snowfall. National Highways such as 58, 73, 74, and 87 connect places in the state to other parts of the country. ABOUT RANIKHET : ABOUT RANIKHET Ranikhet is situated in the northern part of the state of Uttaranchal, in the northern region of India. It is situated in the Kumaon hills and is located on an altitude of 1824 m above sea level. Ranikhet is 59 km from Nainital and 50 km from Almora. The weather in Ranikhet is alpine. Summers (April-June) are mild and winters are cold (November-February). It experiences southwestern monsoon rains in July-September and experiences snowfall in winters. BEST TIME TO VISIT RANIKHET UTTRAKHAND : BEST TIME TO VISIT RANIKHET UTTRAKHAND Ranikhet can be visited throughout the year. However, it experiences snowfall in winters. Area 21.75 sq km Altitude 1,800 m above sea level Languages Hindi, English, Kumaoni Population16,875 Annual Mean Rainfall 1294.5mmTemperature18°C - 7.6 °C STD Code 05966 HISTORY OF RANIKHET UTTRAKHAND : HISTORY OF RANIKHET UTTRAKHAND According to popular belief, Ranikhet Uttaranchal got its name when Rani Padmini, queen of Raja Sukherdev, the local ruler, saw this place and was struck by its beauty. She was so captivated by the place that she decided to stay there, and the place came to be known as Ranikhet (literally, queen's field). The region around Ranikhet was ruled by local Kumaoni rulers and later came under British rule. The British developed Ranikhet as a hill station for their troops and established a cantonment in 1869. Ranikhet is still a cantonment town and is the Kumaon Regimental Center. TOURISTS ATTRACTIONS IN RANIKHET UTTRAKHAND : TOURISTS ATTRACTIONS IN RANIKHET UTTRAKHAND Ranikhet Uttaranchal offers an excellent view of the great Himalayan peak of Nanda Devi (7816 m). Travelers can take a walk around the town and its sylvan surroundings. The Jhula Devi temple and the Chaubatia orchards are within walking distance, south of the main Mall Road. Bhaludham, 3 km away, is an artificial lake. Upat Kalika, 4 km north of Ranikhet and on the main road to Almora, offers panoramic view of the Himalayan ranges and has a nine-hole golf course. PLACES AROUND RANIKHET UTTRAKHAND : PLACES AROUND RANIKHET UTTRAKHAND There are a number of places to visit near Ranikhet. The famous tourist center of Nainital is 59 km from Ranikhet. Nainital is famous for its Naini Lake and a number of picnic spots in and around it. Almora is 50 km from Ranikhet, is famous for its health resorts and panoramic views of the Himalayan ranges. Dwarahat, 38 km away, was once the principal seat of the Katyuri Rajas. It is full of ancient sculptures. Sitalakhet (35 km), Tarikhet (8 km) and Khairna (22 km) are some of the places that one can visit from Ranikhet. Places on Interest : Places on Interest Bright End Corner: Almora is at a 2 km distance from here. The significance of this place is amazing sunset and the sunrise seen through the Himalayan peaks. A circuit house close by allows tourists to spend some peaceful moments at this place. Bear by is the Vivekananda Library which has a good collection of books on literature. A little away is the Vivekananda Memorial where Swami Vivekananda had stopped for a short while on his way to the Himalayas. Chitai Temple: This is a very busy neighborhood. This temple is dedicated to Lord Golu. The natives of Kumau worship him. Once a wish is fulfilled people hang little bells in this temple. For that reason there are thousands of little bells hanging there. The view of the Himalayas is extremely stunning from here. This temple is 8 kms away by walk all the way through a beautiful pine forest, one can go by horse and cart too. About Almora : About Almora Almora is a wonderful hill station in the shape of a horse shoe from where the magnificent snow of the central Himalayas could be seen. It is situated on a 5 km long mountain range.Almora has its own historical, cultural and political significance. It was the capital of Kumau once upon a time, set up by King Balo Kalyan Chand in 1563.The descendents from the Kyutar dynasty and the Chand dynasty ruled Almora in the old times. The forts, other historical monuments, courts and legislative offices are present even today. The two rivers, Kaushik (Koshi) and Shalmali (Suyal) flow near the town. The snow peaked mountains of the Himalayas look like a spectacular train of ice and snow from here. Pilgrimage Sites : : Pilgrimage Sites : Badrinath, Kedarnath, Gangotri, Yamunotri, Panchkedar, Panchbadri, Panchprayag, Haridwar, Rishikesh, Hemkund Sahib, Purnagiri, Chittai, Kaliyar Sharif, Nanakmatta Sahib, Rettha Sahib etc. Famous Temple of Uttarakhand : Famous Temple of Uttarakhand Deer Park: 3 kms from Almora is the deer park. Catarrhal: This 800-year old Sun Temple is the next in significance after the Sun Temple of Konark in Orissa. Seven kms away from Almora, this historical important temple is an excellent example of intricate sculpturing. Nanda Devi Temple: This 1000-year old temple is one of the main attractions of Almora. Its known for its famous wall carvings. Each year a festival is held here in which youth from various hilly areas participate in dance festivals. Kasar Devi: Near Kali mutt is the temple of Kasar Devi. This ancient temple was built in the second century on a mountain peak. The distance between Kali matt and Kasar Devi is less than 1 km and can be easily covered by foot. The neighboring area has turned out to be the home of many foreigners. The main town is 6 km away. Chitai Temple : Chitai Temple Chitai Temple (Near Nainital/Almora in Uttaranchal, North India) is dedicated to Lord Golu. The people of Kumaon worship him as a Justice God. Saying goes that whatever wish you have if fulfilled once you convey the same to Lord Golu, here at the temple. Once a wish is fulfilled people hang little bells in this temple. Therefore there are thousands of little bells hanging there. The view of the Himalayas is extremely beautiful from here. This temple is 8 kms away by walk through a beautiful pine forest and also has a motorable road Ramesh Pokhriyal replaces Khanduri as new Uttarakhand CM : Ramesh Pokhriyal replaces Khanduri as new Uttarakhand CM The Uttarakhand BJP legislative party has chosen state Health Minister Ramesh Pokhriyal Nishank as state’s next Chief Minister. Considered to be close to BC Khanduri, Nishank is a strong leader from Garhwal and is known to be close to the RSS. Khanduri resigns as Uttarakhand’s CM : Khanduri resigns as Uttarakhand’s CM Uttarakhand Chief Minister B C Khanduri stepped down on Tuesday bowing to pressure from dissidents – aggravated after the party lost all five Lok Sabha seats in the state. The names of state minister for tourism Prakash Pant and health minister Ramesh Pokhriyal are doing the rounds as possible replacements MPs of Uttarakhand : MPs of Uttarakhand Shri Vijay Bahuguna:- Details of Member B.A., LLB.Educated at Allahabad University Educational Qualifications 28'th Feb., 1947 MPs of Uttarakhand : MPs of Uttarakhand Shri Satpal Maharaj:- Details of Member Senior Cambridge Educated at St. George's College, Mussoorie (Uttarakhand) Education Qualification 21-09-1951 MPs of Uttarakhand : MPs of Uttarakhand Shri Harish Rawat:- Details of Member B.A., LL.BEducated at Lucknow University Education Qualification 27-04-1947 MPs of Uttarakhand : MPs of Uttarakhand Shri K.C. Singh Baba Details of Member Education Qualification Senior Cambridge Educated at St. Joseph`s College, Nainital 29-03-1947 MPs of Uttrakhand : MPs of Uttrakhand Shri Pradeep Tamta:- Details of Member Education Qualification M.A, LL.B and B.Ed. 16'th June, 1958 उत्तराचंल की प्रमुख नदियां : उत्तराचंल की प्रमुख नदियां गंगा, यमुना, काली, रामगंगा, भागीरथी, अलकनन्दा, कोसी, गोमती, टौंस, मंदाकिनी, धौली गंगा, गौरीगंगा, पिंडर नयार(पू) पिंडर नयार (प) आदी प्रमुख नदीयां हैं। उत्तराचंल के प्रमुख ग्लेशियर : उत्तराचंल के प्रमुख ग्लेशियर 1.गंगोत्री 2. यमुनोत्री 3. पिण्डर 4. खतलिगं 5. मिलम 6. जौलिंकांग, 7. सुन्दर ढूंगा इत्यादि। उत्तराचंल के प्रमुख हिमशिखर : उत्तराचंल के प्रमुख हिमशिखर गंगोत्री (6614), दूनगिरि (7066), बंदरपूछ (6315), केदारनाथ (6490), चौखंवा (7138), कामेत (7756), सतोपंथ (7075), नीलकंठ (5696), नंदा देवी (7817), गोरी पर्वत (6250), हाथी पर्वत (6727), नंदा धुंटी (6309), नंदा कोट (6861) देव वन (6853), माना (7273), मृगथनी (6855), पंचाचूली (6905), गुनी (6179), यूंगटागट (6945)। उत्तराचंल के प्रमुख दर्रे : उत्तराचंल के प्रमुख दर्रे बरास- 5365मी.,(उत्तरकाशी), माणा- 6608मी.(चमोली), नोती-5300मी. (चमोली), बोल्छाधुरा-5353मी.,(पिथौरागड़), कुरंगी-वुरंगी-5564 मी.( पिथौरागड़), लोवेपुरा-5564मी. (पिथौरागड़), लमप्याधुरा-5553 मी. (पिथौरागड़), लिपुलेश-5129 मी. (पिथौरागड़), उंटाबुरा, थांगला, ट्रेलपास, मलारीपास, रालमपास, सोग चोग ला पुलिग ला, तुनजुनला, मरहीला, चिरीचुन दर्रा। उत्तराचंल के वन अभ्यारण्य : उत्तराचंल के वन अभ्यारण्य 1. गोविन्द वन जीव विहार 2. केदारनाथ वन्य जीव विहार 3. अस्कोट जीव विहार 4. सोना नदी वन्य जीव विहार 5. विनसर वन्य जीव विहार उत्तराखण्ड के लोक गीतः : उत्तराखण्ड के लोक गीतः गीत और संगीत उत्तराखण्ड संस्कृति का अनादिकाल से महत्तवपूर्ण अंग रहा है। हर मौकों पर गीत गाए जाते हैं। यहाँ तक कि जब पर्वतीय महिलाएँ घास काटने जंगलों में जाती हैं वहां भी लोकगीत गाये या गुनगुनाए जाते हैं। कुछ लोक गीतों का विवरण इस प्रकार हैः- मांगलः- यह गीत शभ कार्यों एंव शादी विवाह के मौकपर गाये जाते हैं। जागरः- जागर देवताओं के गीत है जैसे- विनसर, नागर्जा, नरसिंह, भैरों, ऐड़ी, आछरी, जीतू, लाटू, भगवती, चण्डिका, गालू देवता आदी। पंडोवः - पंडोव गढ़वाली लोक साहित्य के मौलिक महाकाव्य तथा खण्ड काव्य है। इन गीतों में ठाकुरी राजाओं के वीर गाथाओं को गाया जाता है। जैसे तीलूरोतेली, जोतरमाला, पत्थरमाला, नौरंगी, राजुला, राजा, जिते सिंह आदी। चौफुलाः - यह नृत्य चांदनी रात में गोल दायरे में घूमकर पुरूष तथा महिलाएं मिलकर गाते हैं। इसमें प्रकृति तथा उत्सवों के गीत गाये जाते हैं। यह नृत्य काफी कुछ गुजरात के “ गरबा ” नृत्य से मिलता है। खुदेड़ गीतः - करूणात्मक शैली के गीत “खुदेड़” हैं। यह गीत माँ-बाप, भाई-बहन, सखी, वन, पशु-पक्षी, नदी, फल-फलों की स्मृति ताजा कराते है और इनकी याद आ जाने पर सबसे मिलने की चाह पैदा हो जाती है तथा न मिल पाने की स्थिति में ये गीत मुखार बिन्दु पर फूट पड़ते हैं। Singer of these song Ghughati ni Basa (Gopal- babu- Goswami) : Singer of these song Ghughati ni Basa (Gopal- babu- Goswami) पहाडी गीत घुघुती ना बासा, आमे कि डाई मा घुघुती ना बासा घुघुती ना बासा आमे कि डाई मा घुघुती ना बासा। तेर घुरु घुरू सुनी मै लागू उदासा स्वामी मेरो परदेसा, बर्फीलो लदाखा, घुघुती ना बासा घुघुती ना बासा आमे कि डाई मा घुघुती ना बासा। रीतू आगी घनी घनी, गर्मी चैते की याद मुकू भोत ऐगे अपुना पति की, घुघुती ना बासा घुघुती ना बासा आमे कि डाई मा घुघुती ना बासा। तेर जैस मै ले हुनो, उड़ी बेर ज्यूनो स्वामी की मुखडी के मैं जी भरी देखुनो, घुघुती ना बासा घुघुती ना बासा आमे कि डाई मा घुघुती ना बासा। उड‌ी जा ओ घुघुती, नेह जा लदाखा हल मेर बते दिये, मेरा स्वामी पासा, घुघुती ना बासा घुघुती ना बासा आमे कि डाई मा घुघुती ना बासा। Kumauni old is gold Songs : Kumauni old is gold Songs पहाडी गीत:- बेडु पाको बारो मासा, ओ नरण काफल पाको चैत मेरी छैला बेडु पाको बारो मासा, ओ नरण काफल पाको चैत मेरी छैला - २ भुण भुण दीन आयो -२ नरण बुझ तेरी मैत मेरी छैला -२ बेडु पाको बारो मासा -२, ओ नरण काफल पाको चैत मेरी छैला – २ आप खांछे पन सुपारी -२, नरण मैं भी लूँ छ बीडी मेरी छैला -२ बेडु पाको बारो मासा -२, ओ नरण काफल पाको चैत मेरी छैला - २ अल्मोडा की नंदा देवी, नरण फुल छदुनी पात मेरी छैला बेडु पाको बारो मासा -२, ओ नरण काफल पाको चैत मेरी छैला - २ त्यार खुटा मा कांटो बुड्या, नरणा मेरी खुटी पीडा मेरी छैला बेडु पाको बारो मासा -२, ओ नरण काफल पाको चैत मेरी छैला - २ अल्मोडा को लल्ल बजार, नरणा लल्ल मटा की सीढी मेरी छैला बेडु पाको बारो मासा -२, ओ नरण काफल पाको चैत मेरी छैला - २ National park in Uttarakhand : National park in Uttarakhand Corbet National Park Nanda Devi National Park Valley of flowers National Park Rajaji National Park Govind Pashu vihar Gangotri National Park Corbett national parks in Uttarakhand : Corbett national parks in Uttarakhand Corbett National Park :- Jim Corbett National Park lies in the Nainital, Pauri Garwhal and Bijnore Districts of Uttaranchal.  The present area of the Reserve is 1318.54 sq. km. including 520 sq. km. of core area and 797.72 sq. km. of buffer area. The core area forms the Jim Corbett National Park while the buffer contains reserve forests (496.54 sq.km.) as well as the Sonanadi Wildlife Sanctuary (301.18 sq.km.) The core is bounded to the North by the Kanda Ridge, with a height of 1043 m at its highest point. The entire area of the reserve is mountainous and falls in the Shivalik and Outer Himalaya geological region. It forms the catchment area of the Ramganga, a tributary of the Ganga.  The Ramganga flows from East to West in the reserve through landscapes of incredible beauty. Dammed at Kalagarh at the south-western end of the reserve in 1974. The reservoir created, submerged 40-sq. km.ofprime grassland. The area on the western side of the reservoir now constitutes the Sonanadi Wildlife Sanctuary.  After India attained independence in 1947 the park wasrenamed as Ramganga National Park. In 1956, it was renamed as Jim Corbett National Park, in memory of Jim Corbett. My Village “Naubara” : My Village “Naubara” I want to tell all of you about my village “Naubara”. My Village is very beautiful and very good. Every person lives in harmony . Naubara is a very big village of the area. there are many people who are educated. There are 22 caste living in Naubara. This village is situated in hills of Naithana Devi Mandir. There is a small market where everything is available. More than one hundred families live there. This temple is very famous in Almora district. There is an Inter college in the area named G.I.C. Uttam Sani. Uttam Sani is a famous school of the Almora district. More then four hundred students read there. Hemant Singh +91-8010304874 “Naubara” : “Naubara” Hemant Singh 91+8010304874 District:   Almora Tehsil:   Ranikhet Block:   Vikiasain Post office : Naubara   Pin code :  263660 STD code :  05966  No. of households:   127 Total population :   554 Population- Male :   225 Population- Female :   329 Sex ratio :   1462  (females per 1000 males) Literacy rate :   79.53% Male Literacy rate :   95.28% Female Literacy rate :   68.90%

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