Published on March 15, 2014
ANIRUDH SOOD (13060242004) DEBARATI BIR (13060242013) SHRABANA MUKHERJEE (13060242041) SUKRITI BHARADWAJ (13060242048) VIVEK KUMAR MISHRA (13060242054)
WHAT IS AADHAR CARD? Established in FEBRUARY 2009, the UNIQUE IDENTIFICATION AUTHORITY OF INDIA (UIDAI) is an agency of the GOVERNMENT OF INDIA (GOI) responsible for implementing the Aadhar scheme.. The UIDAI is part of the PLANNING COMMISSION OF INDIA. NANDAN. M. NILEKANI is the first Chairman of the Unique Identification Database Authority of India, under the aegis of the Planning Commission. The agency has NO legal backing.
Appropriate identification Financial inclusion Social inclusion Infrastructural inclusion Legislative and regulatory inclusion
Building trust to drive uptake Communicating Benefits Applying UID to support citizens and further economic and social goals Security and Privacy Safeguarding personal information and ensuring accuracy Accessibility and use Optimizing system performance Transparency Being clear and open about how information is used
Governments in action Scale with speed leveraging existing welfare schemes and data collected under Aadhaar using the latest technology Make e-payments the basis of transferring subsidies under all government welfare programs Businesses in action Transform teams into inclusive innovation scouts Partner with the right people Leverage innovations in other markets Foster adaptive and agile local operation Deepen knowledge of local norms Build a strong technological backbone
COST & BENEFIT ANALYSIS AADHAAR CARD
AADHAR CARD: ESTIMATION OF COST CAPITAL AND OPERATIONAL EXPENDITURE FOR ESTABLISHING AND MAINTAINING AADHAR COST OF INTEGRATING AADHAR WITH OTHER GOVT SCHEMES (PDS,MGNREGS,ASHA,ICDS)
AADHAR’S BENEFITS TANGIBLE GOVERNMENT ECONOMY INTANGIBLE LABOUR MOBILITY IMPACT ON INCLUSION REDUCTION IN LEAKAGES AND EFFICIENCY IMPROVEM- ENTS LESS FRAUD, EFFICIENCY GAINS.
2010- 11 2011- 12 2012- 13 2013- 14 2014- 15 2015- 16 2016- 17 2017- 18 2018- 19 2019- 20 2020- 21 TC 270 12,00 2,265 2,674 3,696 3,853 4,423 4,272 4,871 4,828 4,835 TB 0 0 425 1,082 2,206 4,502 9,192 18,778 23,989 24,532 25,100 NB −270 −1,200 −1,840 −1,592 −1,489 649 4,769 14,506 19,118 19,704 20,265 *TC=Total Cost *TB=Total Benefits *NB=Net Benefits IRR=52.85% Cost- beneﬁt analysis of Aadhaar
EFFECT OF AADHAR ON TPDS This is one of the first survey conducted with various stakeholders in the system to study the “Impact of Aadhaar on TPDS”, to capture the different viewpoints that exist on the ground. The impact specified has an action-oriented flavour by pointing out the Aadhaar features that would be instrumental in the resolution of TPDS challenges. RESPONDENTS’ PROFILE 26 district magistrates 11 State Warehousing Corporation officials 15 FCI officials 6 officials from other Government departments 11 IT Department officials 21 Non- government 7 UIDAI officials 8 FCS officials HOW AADHAAR FEATURES CAN IMPACT TPDS VALUE CHAIN
THE UNION GOVERNMENT’S AADHAAR-BASED DIRECT BENEFIT TRANSFER SCHEME WOULD HELP REDUCE CORRUPTION IN THE PUBLIC DISTRIBUTION SYSTEM “KEROSENE DISTRIBUTED THROUGH PDS WAS ONE OF THE LARGEST GENERATORS OF BLACK MONEY IN THE COUNTRY. QUANTIFIED IT AT RS. 25,000 CRORE A YEAR. “THIS AMOUNT PLAYS A CRUCIAL ROLE DURING ELECTIONS AND IS ALSO THE MAIN REASON FOR THE LACK OF REFORMS IN THE PUBLIC DISTRIBUTION SYSTEM,” “WHILE THE MARKET PRICE FOR KEROSENE IS AROUND RS. 44 A LITRE, THE SUBSIDISED PRICE IS AROUND RS. 15 A LITRE IN DELHI. HOWEVER, IN MYSORE FOR THE 6-LITRE QUOTA, THE POOR MUST SHELL OUT RS. 105. IT IS UNCLEAR WHY THEY MUST PAY RS. 15 MORE.THERE WERE ALSO COMPLAINTS FROM CONSUMERS THAT THE ACTUAL QUANTITY THEY RECEIVED WAS ONLY 5 LITRES,” MGP DEVELOPED A COUPON SYSTEM WHICH WAS FIRST INTRODUCED IN K.R. NAGAR AND LATER IMPLEMENTED IN OTHER PARTS OF KARNATAKA. HOWEVER, BECAUSE OF THE PRESSURE BROUGHT BY THE KEROSENE DEALERS, THE STATE GOVERNMENT DROPPED THE COUPON SYSTEM “ANYONE OPPOSING AADHAAR IS LIKELY TO CHANGE THEIR VIEWS IF THEY LOOK AT THE BENEFITS IT CAN GIVE TO THE POOR. AADHAAR WILL DEAL WITH ANY PROBLEMS IN SECURING GOODS UNDER PDS AND CAN BE SUCCESSFULLY USED TO REDUCE THE MISUSE OF FUNDS UNDER MNREGAAND OTHER SCHEMES FOR THE POOR. THE DIRECT BENEFIT TRANSFER SYSTEM WILL BE A GAME-CHANGER. IT WILL REDUCE CORRUPTION IN PDS. IT IS FOR THIS REASON THAT POLITICIANS WILL OPPOSE ANY SUCH CASH TRANSFER POLICY,” - DR. SHENOY .
CRITICISMS OF AADHAR CARD
"This is very significant thing and it will help reducing wastage, fraud and corruption," ----UIDAI Chairman Nandan Nilekani. HOW?
IT IS NOT A PROOF OF CITIZENSHIP NOT BACKED BY LEGAL FRAMEWORK PRIVATE AGENCIES HANDLING PERSONAL DATA: SECURITY ISSUES THREE MAJOR CONCERNS RELATING TO AADHAR CARD:
REDUCTION IN LEAKAGES FROM THE WELFARE SCHEMES--- HOW??? IS IT FEASIBLE? IS IT NECESSARY? IS IT VIABLE?
HOW WILL BANK ACCOUNTS HELP THEM???
TECHNOLOGY CONCERNS: SECURITY RISK: Since the UID network has to be accessible over networks in real time, it involves major operational and security risks. RELIABILITY: Worn-out fingers of farmers and manual labourers and people with corneal blindness and corneal scars are difficult to scan for their biometric data. NATIONAL SECURITY AND NATGRID
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